National Gandhi Museum
|Location||Raj Ghat, New Delhi, India|
|Director||A. Annamalai Joint Director Uttam Kumar Sinha|
The National Gandhi Museum or Gandhi Memorial Museum is a museum located in New Delhi, India showcasing the life and principles of Mahatma Gandhi. The museum first opened in Mumbai, shortly after Gandhi was assassinated in 1948. The museum relocated several times before moving to Raj Ghat, New Delhi in 1961.
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948. Shortly after his death, collectors began searching India for anything of importance about Gandhi. Originally the personal items, newspapers, and books related to Gandhi were taken to Mumbai. In 1951, the items were moved to buildings near the Kota House in New Delhi. The museum moved again in 1957 to a mansion.
In 1959, The Gandhi Museum moved for a final time to Rajghat, New Delhi next to the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi. The museum officially opened in 1961, on the 13th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi's assassination, when Dr. Rajendra Prasad, then President of India, formally opened the new location.
The Gandhi Museum's library is both a showcase for Gandhi's work and a general studies library. The books are divided into two sections, those written by or about Gandhi and books on other subject matters. There are currently over 35,000 books or documents in the museum's library. The library also has a collection of 2,000 periodicals in both English and Hindi chronicling the life of Gandhi.
The National Gandhi Museum Gallery has a large number of paintings and personal items of Mahatma Gandhi. The most notable items in the collection are a Satyagraha woodcut by Willemia Muller Ogterop, one of Gandhi's walking sticks, the shawl and dhoti worn by Gandhi when he was assassinated, one of the bullets that were used to kill Gandhi and his urn. The Museum also displays some of Gandhi's teeth and his ivory toothpick.
In addition to the museum's Gandhi based permanent collection, the museum also showcases other exhibits mainly dealing with the history of India. Most exhibits are based on Indian political leaders, and peace movements, though major world events also have collections.
- "History". Gandhi Museum. Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
- "Classification". Gandhi Museum. Archived from the original on 12 December 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- Powell,F: The National Gandhi Museum and Library, World Libraries, 1993, ISSN 1092-7441
- "Periodicals". Gandhi Museum. Archived from the original on 15 December 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- "Gallery". Gandhi Museum. Archived from the original on 15 December 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- Gentleman, Amelia (20 September 2006). "Does urbanized India have room for Gandhi?". New York Times. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
- "Special Exhibitions". Gandhi Museum. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
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