|Observed by||Various countries|
Grandparents' Day or National Grandparents' Day is a secular holiday celebrated in various countries; it is celebrated to show the bond between grandparents and grandchildren. It occurs on various days of the year, either as one holiday or sometimes as a separate Grandmother's Day and Grandfather's Day[a] (see below for dates by country).
The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (October 2019)
In the United States, Russell Capper (age 9 in 1969) sent a letter to President Nixon suggesting a special day be set aside as Grandparents' Day. On June 12, 1969, he received a letter back from Rose Mary Woods (Personal Secretary to the President) reading, "Dear Russell, Thank you for your letter to President Nixon. Your suggestion regarding a Grandparent’s Day is appreciated, but the President ordinarily issues proclamations designating periods for special observance only when a Congressional resolution authorizes him to do so. With best wishes, Sincerely, Rose Mary Woods Personal Secretary to the President".
Since the aforementioned letter, Marian McQuade was recognized nationally by the United States Senate – in particular by Senators Jennings Randolph and Robert Byrd – and by President Jimmy Carter, as the founder of National Grandparents Day. McQuade made it her goal to educate the youth in the community[clarification needed] about the important contributions seniors have made throughout history. She also urged the youth to "adopt" a grandparent, not just for one day a year, but rather for a lifetime. Co-founder Cynthia Bennett, who worked for Marian's husband, contributed by writing letters of verification.
In 1973, Senator Jennings Randolph introduced a resolution to the senate to make Grandparents' Day a national holiday. West Virginia's Governor Arch Moore had proclaimed an annual Grandparents' Day for the state, at the urging of Marian McQuade. When Senator Randolph's resolution in the U.S. Senate died in committee, Marian McQuade organized supporters and began contacting governors, senators, and congressmen in all fifty states. She urged each state to proclaim their own Grandparents' Day. Within three years, she had received Grandparents' Day proclamations from forty-three states. She sent copies of the proclamations to Senator Randolph.
In February 1977, Senator Randolph, with the concurrence of many other senators, introduced a joint resolution to the senate requesting the president to "issue annually a proclamation designating the first Sunday of September after Labor Day of each year as 'National Grandparents' Day'." Congress passed the legislation proclaiming the first Sunday after Labor Day as National Grandparents' Day and, on August 3, 1978, then-President Jimmy Carter signed the proclamation. The statute cites the day's purpose: "...to honor grandparents, to give grandparents an opportunity to show love for their children's children, and to help children become aware of strength, information, and guidance older people can offer".
Grandparents' days around the world
This section needs expansion with: Surely missing many countries. See sidebar - interwiki links may hint at needed additions.. You can help by adding to it. (September 2010)
In 2021, Pope Francis declared World Day for Grandparents and the Elderly, to take place annually on the fourth Sunday of July, neighboring the memorial of Sts. Joachim and Anne, the grandparents of Jesus.
In at least some states of Australia, Grandparents' Day is celebrated annually, on the last Sunday in October.
In Bangladesh, the National Grandparents Day is celebrated on 9 September to honor and express gratitude towards their constant love, care, and support.
In Brazil, Grandparents' Day (Portuguese: Dia dos avós) is celebrated on July 26.
National Grandparents' Day (French: Journée Nationale des Grands-parents) began in Canada in 1995 but was discontinued in 2014. Motion number 273 submitted in the House of Commons by Sarkis Assadourian in 1995 read:
That, in the opinion of this House, the government should consider designating the second Sunday in September of each year as Grandparents' Day in order to acknowledge their importance to the structure of the family in the nurturing, upbringing and education of children.
In Estonia, Grandparents' Day (Vanavanemate päev) is celebrated on the second Sunday in September.
In France, Grandmothers' Day (La fête des grands-mères) was launched in 1987 by a brand of coffee (Café Grand'Mère), part of the Kraft Jacobs Suchard Group. The date is now included in French calendars and is celebrated on the first Sunday in March.
In Germany, Grandmothers' Day was established in 2010 and is celebrated on the second Sunday in October.
Junior Chamber International Victoria introduced the first Grandparents' Day in Hong Kong in 1990. It is celebrated on the second Sunday in October.
In Italy, Grandparents' Day (officially Festa Nazionale dei Nonni, "National Grandparents' Feast") was established in 2005 and is celebrated on October 2, Guardian Angels' Day in the Roman Catholic Church.
In Japan, Respect for the Aged Day was established as National Holiday in 1966 and is celebrated on the third Monday of September.
In Mexico, Grandparents' Day (Spanish: Día de los Abuelos) is celebrated on August 28.
In the Netherlands, "Opa en Oma Dag" was created in 2004 and falls on June 4. It is not widely celebrated and to many people in the Netherlands it is completely unknown. The day was envisioned as a day for grandparents/great-grandparents to spend time in enjoyable activities with their (great-)grandchildren, in order to strengthen the bond between the generations and to increase respect and appreciation for senior citizens in general. One idea that has been promoted is the "adoption" of a grandmother or grandfather - for the day, or for life.
In the Philippines, Grandparents' Day is celebrated every second Sunday of September. The country started celebrating this event in 1987.
Grandparents' Day in the Philippines is also a family day. Many commercial establishments organize special events and give special privileges for the elderly people: free concerts, meal discounts, free medical checkups, flowers, etc.
In Poland, "Grandma's Day" (Polish: Dzień Babci) was created in 1964 by the Kobieta i Życie magazine, and popularized from 1965 onwards. It is celebrated on January 21. "Grandpa's Day" (Polish: Dzień Dziadka) is celebrated a day later, on January 22.
Russia celebrates Grandparents' Day on October 28. The Grandparents' Day started being celebrated by the ancient slavs. The day was supposed to consolidate the connection with ancestors and bring together all generations.
Singapore started celebrating Grandparents' Day in 1979, a year after the U.S. started. It is celebrated on the fourth Sunday in November.
South Sudan started celebrating Grandparents' Day in 2013, with the date set as the second Sunday in November.
In Portugal, Grandparents' Day (Portuguese: Dia dos avós) is celebrated on July 26.
In Spain, Grandparents' Day (Spanish: Día de los abuelos y las abuelas) is celebrated on July 26, the feast day of Saint Joachim and Saint Anne, parents of Mary, the mother of Jesus.
The Ministry of Education (Republic of China) initiated Grandparents' Day (祖父母節, Zǔfùmǔ Jié) in Taiwan on 29 August 2010, on the fourth Sunday in August annually, shortly before school children would start a new schoolyear.
The day was introduced to the UK in 1990 by the charity Age Concern but it has not been widely accepted by the British public. It has been celebrated on the first Sunday in October since 2008,
Congress passed the legislation proclaiming the first Sunday after Labor Day as National Grandparents' Day in the U.S. and, on August 3, 1978, then-President Jimmy Carter signed the proclamation.
The flower of the U.S. National Grandparents Day is the forget-me-not which blooms in the spring. As a result, seasonal flowers are given in appreciation to grandparents on this day.
In 2004, the National Grandparents Day Council of Chula Vista, California announced that A Song for Grandma and Grandpa by Johnny Prill would be their official song of the U.S. National Grandparents Day holiday.
The National Grandparents' Day Council presented Prill with an award in recognition of his composition A Song for Grandma and Grandpa.
- ^ "Dzień Babci wymyślono w Poznaniu". wp.pl. Retrieved 2014-01-21.
- ^ Johnson, Johanna (2012). For the Life of laetitia. orange park: johanna. p. 4.
- ^ Congressional Record, February 21, 1977, Joint Resolution S.J. Res. 24, 95th Congress, 1st Session
- ^ "Proclamation 4580—National Grandparents Day, 1978 | The American Presidency Project". www.presidency.ucsb.edu.
- ^ "Carter, Jimmy. Greeting to Johnny Prill. 2010. National Grandparents Day. Web". Archived from the original on 2018-03-06. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
- ^ Mares, Courtney. "Pope Francis proclaims World Day for Grandparents and the Elderly". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 2021-01-31.
- ^ "About". NSW Grandparents Day. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
- ^ "Debates (No. 247)". Debates of the House of Commons: 35th Parliament, 1st Session. House of Commons of Canada. October 25, 1995. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
- ^ "Riigikogu passed Act providing Grandparents' Day". Riigikogu. January 21, 2010.
- ^ KJS lance la 13e Fête des grand'mères », Stratégies, 17 février 1999
- ^ "JCI Victoria". www.vjc.org.hk.
- ^ ""Istituzione della Festa nazionale dei nonni", Legge 31 luglio 2005, n. 159" (in Italian).
- ^ "Respect for the Aged Day - Timeline History - Wikipedia Japanese Translated".
- ^ "Dzień Dziadka". Retrieved 2014-01-21.
- ^ (in Chinese) 緣起與理念 教育部樂齡學習網
- ^ Grandparents Day has moved to Sunday October 5, 2008 - Age Concern 2008-02-26
- ^ Jones, Meghan (2017-08-28). "This Is Why Grandparents Day Was Never Meant to Be a Commercial Holiday". Reader's Digest. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
- ^ Spotlight, Maureen Wendt Senior. "SENIOR SPOTLIGHT: National Grandparents Day". Lockport Union-Sun & Journal. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
- ^ "Gratitude for grandparents". The Roanoke Times. 2014-09-04. Archived from the original on 2015-01-13. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
It is appropriate, then, that the official flower of Grandparents Day is the forget-me-not. "A Song for Grandma and Grandpa," written by Johnny Prill, was named the official song of the holiday in 2004.
- ^ Coleman, Marilyn J.; Ganong, Lawrence H. (2014). The Social History of the American Family: An Encyclopedia. SAGE Publications. p. 641. ISBN 978-1452286150. Retrieved 2015-01-21.
Since 2004, there has been an official Grandparents Day song, "A Song for Grandma and Grandpa", by Johnny Prill, a singer-songwriter in the folk-polka traditions and a lifelong volunteer performer at nursing homes.
- ^ Barber, Lorin (2011). 28 Tips to Become a Great Grandpa. Cedar Fort, Inc. p. 36. ISBN 978-1462100552. Retrieved 2015-01-21.
For example, the first Sunday after Labor Day is designated "Grandparents Day" in the United States. The official "Grandparents Day" has an official song, "A Song for Grandma and Grandpa," and an official flower, the forget-me-not.
- ^ "National Grandparents Council. Johnny Prill Wins National Songwriter's Award. National Grandparents Day. 14 August 2004. Web".
- National Grandparents Day Council official page (U.S.)
- Generations United (U.S.)
- U.S. Code 36 U.S.C. § 125, the law establishing the U.S. National Grandparents Day