National Graphene Institute
|National Graphene Institute|
The Institute under construction in 2014
|Location||Manchester, United Kingdom|
|Owner||University of Manchester|
|Floor area||7,600 m2 (82,000 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Jestico + Whiles|
|Main contractor||Bam Construct|
The National Graphene Institute is a research institute and building at the University of Manchester that is focused on the research of graphene. Construction of the building to house the institute started in 2013 and finished in 2015.
The creation of the institute, including the construction of the building, cost £61 million. It is being funded by the UK Government (£38m) and the European Union's European Research and Development Fund (£23m). It is expected that the creation of the institute will lead to 100 jobs in the short term, and thousands more in the long term. The building provides space for University of Manchester researchers to collaborate with UK industry and other UK universities that are involved in graphene research via a hub and spoke model, and it will be dedicated to finding commercial uses for graphene. It was opened on 20 March 2015 by George Osborne.
The five-story glass-fronted building provides 7,600 square metres (82,000 sq ft) of research space. This includes two clean rooms, one of which occupies the entire lower ground floor (in order to minimise vibrations), and a 1,500 square metres (16,000 sq ft) research lab including laser, optical, metrology and chemical laboratories, along with offices, a seminar room and accommodation. The top floor also includes a roof terrace. The outside of the building consists of a composite cladding, with an external stainless steel 'veil'. The building will face on to Booth Street East. Construction started in March 2013, with the building being completed by 2015.
The building was designed by Jestico + Whiles. It will cost around £30m, and was constructed by Bam Construct. The structural design was produced by Ramboll. Other shortlisted organisations are: Lend Lease, Laing O’Rourke, Morgan Sindall, Vinci, and M&W Group). The design work was led by EC Harris, along with CH2M Hill who provided specialist technical architecture design services for the cleanrooms and laboratories, together with Mechanical, Electrical and Process (MEP) consultant services.
History of the location
The Institute is being constructed on the former site of the Albert Club, which was a Victorian club that was located between Lawson Street and Clifford Street. The club was established for the middle class German community that were involved in Manchester's cotton trade. Friedrich Engels frequented the club during his time in Manchester, and became a member of it in 1842. The club was located on Clifford Street from 1842 prior to its relocation in 1859. The building was constructed by the architect Jeptha Pacey as his personal house, and it was fronted by formal gardens. It was later converted into a private social club, which was named after Albert, Prince Consort. It was later re-purposed as Turkish public baths, and later used as a hospital for women and children. The building was demolished in the 1960s. The site was later used for the Lamb Building.
The excavations that took place in February 2013 by Oxford Archaeology North, prior to the construction of the Institute, uncovered the remnants of the club building along with a row of five cellars belonging to 1830s terraced housing. A sink removed from the site will be incorporated into the institute's new building. As the main clean room of the new building will be located 3m below ground level, the remains of the Albert Club were not conserved.
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