National Guard is the name used by a wide variety of current and historical uniformed organizations in different countries. The original National Guard was formed during the French Revolution around a cadre of defectors from the French Guards.
National Guard may refer to:
- National Guard (Egypt), a paramilitary force under the command of the Ministry of Defense
- National Guard (Mauritania), the National Guard of Mauritania
- Tunisian National Guard, a separate military force of Tunisia
- National Guard (Guinea-Bissau), a gendarmerie force of Guinea-Bissau
- National Guard (Brazil), a paramilitary militia created in 1831 to support the Brazilian Army
- National Guard (Dominican Republic) (Guardia Nacional), a military force; see History of the Dominican Republic
- National Guard (El Salvador) (1912–1992), the Salvadoran gendarmerie
- National Guard (Nicaragua) (1925–1979), a militia and a gendarmerie created during the occupation by the United States
- National Guard of the United States, militia organized by each of the 50 U.S. states, territories, and D.C.
- Army National Guard, a reserve force of the United States Army which functions as the ground component of the state-level militia while not in federal service
- Air National Guard, a reserve force of the United States Air Force which functions as the air component of the state-level militia while not in federal service
- Venezuelan National Guard (Guardia Nacional de Venezuela), one of the four components of the National Armed Forces of Venezuela
- National Guard (Bahrain), a separate military force in Bahrain that serves both as defence force and as a security force
- National Guard (Iraq), part of the new Military of Iraq absorbed by the Iraqi Army
- Kuwait National Guard, internal and border security force of the Military of Kuwait
- Sri Lanka National Guard, the largest regiment in the Sri Lanka Army
- Saudi Arabian National Guard, one of the three major branches of the Armed Forces of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- National Guard of Pakistan, a paramilitary force mainly charged with air defense
- National Security Guard, a special force in India primarily utilised for counter-terrorism activities
- National Guard (France), militias formed in each city from the time of the French Revolution to the Paris Commune
- Cypriot National Guard, combined arms military force of the Republic of Cyprus
- National Republican Guard (Italy), a paramilitary force of the Italian Social Republic
- Latvian National Guard, a part of National Armed Forces
- National Guards Unit of Bulgaria, successor of the Personal Cavalry Convoy of Knyaz Alexander I
- National Guard of Georgia, a military structure within the Georgian Armed Forces
- National Militia (Spain), 19th century quasi-military force comparable to the National Guard in France
- National Republican Guard (Portugal), the gendarmerie of Portugal
- White Guard (Finland) (1918–1944), voluntary militia of the Whites in the Finnish Civil War of 1918
- National Guard of Ukraine formed 1991–2000 and 2014–current
- National Guard (Ireland), better known as the Blueshirts, a 1930s political movement in Ireland
- The Estonian Defence League (Estonia), unified paramilitary armed forces of the Republic of Estonia
- National Guard of Russia, gendarmerie force of Russia. Formed in 2016.
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