National Guard of Pakistan
|Pakistan National Guard|
|Active||January 3, 1948|
|Allegiance||Government of Pakistan (The National Guards Act, 1973)|
Provincial governments in Pakistan
|Type||Reserve component of the Pakistan Army|
|Role||Border control, law enforcement, first responders|
|Garrison/HQ||Army GHQ in Rawalpindi|
|Colors||Green and White|
|Anniversaries||Defence Day: September 6|
|Engagements||Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts
Global War on Terror
Siege of Lal Masjid
War in North-West Pakistan
|Chief of Army Staff||General Qamar Javed Bajwa,|
|Director-General, National Guards||Maj-Gen. Faheem-ul-Aziz|
|Brig. Shahid Hamid|
Maj-Gen. Akbar Khan
The National Guard was established on 1 January 1948 as a reserve component of the Pakistan Army, first advertised as the volunteer corps later expanded as a Women's Guard.:84-85 The National Guard is composed of 79 battalions, including six artillery and five training battalions. The recruitments are generally usually done in local areas, and are permanently trained with the Army.:notes/contents The structure of the National Guard consists of two sections: the Mujahid Force and the Janbaz Force, where the member of the militia mainly charged with air defense and dealing with national calamities.:notes/contents The National Guard used to offer two programs similar to the United States American ROTC, the National Cadet Corps and the Women's Guard.
The Women's Guard, unlike the National Cadet Corps, included individuals trained in nursing, welfare, and clerical work. There were also some women in the Janbaz Force, and a very small number of women were recruited into the regular service in limited numbers to perform medical and educational work. The National Cadet Corps was disbanded 14 years ago.[when?]
The National Guard were established by then-Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan, who appointed then-Brigadier Syed Shahid Hamid as its first chief, and later delegated the command to Major-General Akbar Khan.:268 The command and control of the National Guard is under the Chief of Army Staff who serves as principal officer commanding from Army GHQ in Rawalpindi.:notes
The National Guard contains the following combatant organizations:
- Mujahid Regiment of 60,000, organized in Infantry battalions, Some units were deployed in Azad Kashmir and a few units were serving in Cantonments along. Recently, Mujahid Regiment was transformed into fully activated SAM Infantry Battalion and is no longer a National Guard.
- Janbaz Force of 100,000, operates under the control of the provincial governments and its members are intended to serve close to their home districts.
- National Cadet Corps. (dissolved)
- Paramilitary forces of Pakistan
- Pakistan Rangers
- Frontier Corps
- Frontier Constabulary
- Airport Security Force (Pakistan)
- Pakistan Coast Guard
- Hamid, S. Shahid (1993). Early Years of Pakistan: Including the Period from August, 1947 to 1959 (snippet view). Ferozsons. p. 305. ISBN 9789690100627. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
- Katoch, Lt Col H. (2013). "§(Pakistan)". Territorial Army: Future Challenges (google books). Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789382573760. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
- Cheema, Pervaiz I.; Riemer, Manuel (1990). "Early Developments". Pakistan's Defence Policy 1947-58 (google books). Springer. p. 240. ISBN 9781349209422. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
- "Journey form Scratch to Nuclear Power". www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk. ISPR (Army). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
- "Journey from Scratch to Nuclear Power". www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk.
- Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld - Pakistan: The paramilitary group Mujahid Force Regiment, especially its relationship with Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and whether it can compel a member to serve in ISI".
- Katoch, Lt Col H. (2013). Territorial Army: Future Challenges. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789382573760. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
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