National Guard of Pakistan

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Pakistan National Guard
قومى محافظ
Pakistan Army Emblem.png
Active (1948-01-03) January 3, 1948 (age 71)[1]
Country Pakistan
AllegianceGovernment of Pakistan (The National Guards Act, 1973)
Provincial governments in Pakistan
Branch Pakistan Army
TypeReserve component of the Pakistan Army
RoleBorder control, law enforcement, first responders
Size~185,000:notes/contents[2]
Garrison/HQArmy GHQ in Rawalpindi
ColorsGreen and White
        
AnniversariesDefence Day: September 6
EngagementsIndo-Pakistani wars and conflicts War in Afghanistan (1978–present)
Global War on Terror
Siege of Lal Masjid
War in North-West Pakistan
Balochistan conflict
Websitewww.pakistanarmy.gov.pk
Commanders
Chief of Army StaffGeneral Qamar Javed Bajwa,
Director-General, National GuardsMaj-Gen. Faheem-ul-Aziz
Notable
commanders
Brig. Shahid Hamid
Maj-Gen. Akbar Khan

The National Guard of Pakistan is a reserve military force and the component of the Pakistan Army that is designed to act as a "second line of defense" in Pakistan.:84[3]

The National Guard was established on 1 January 1948 as a reserve component of the Pakistan Army, first advertised as the volunteer corps later expanded as a Women's Guard.:84-85[3][4] The National Guard is composed of 79 battalions, including six artillery and five training battalions. The recruitments are generally usually done in local areas, and are permanently trained with the Army.:notes/contents[2] The structure of the National Guard consists of two sections: the Mujahid Force and the Janbaz Force, where the member of the militia mainly charged with air defense and dealing with national calamities.:notes/contents[2] The National Guard used to offer two programs similar to the United States American ROTC, the National Cadet Corps and the Women's Guard.[5]

The Women's Guard, unlike the National Cadet Corps, included individuals trained in nursing, welfare, and clerical work. There were also some women in the Janbaz Force, and a very small number of women were recruited into the regular service in limited numbers to perform medical and educational work. The National Cadet Corps was disbanded 14 years ago.[6][when?]

Organizational history[edit]

The National Guard were established by then-Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan, who appointed then-Brigadier Syed Shahid Hamid as its first chief, and later delegated the command to Major-General Akbar Khan.:268[1] The command and control of the National Guard is under the Chief of Army Staff who serves as principal officer commanding from Army GHQ in Rawalpindi.:notes[3]

The National Guard is one of four reserve components of the Pakistan Army, including the Pakistan Army Reserve, the Frontier Corps and the Pakistan Rangers.[7]

The National Guard contains the following combatant organizations:

  • Mujahid Regiment of 60,000, organized in Infantry battalions, Some units were deployed in Azad Kashmir and a few units were serving in Cantonments along. Recently, Mujahid Regiment was transformed into fully activated SAM Infantry Battalion and is no longer a National Guard.[2]
  • Janbaz Force of 100,000, operates under the control of the provincial governments[8] and its members are intended to serve close to their home districts.[2]
  • National Cadet Corps. (dissolved)[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hamid, S. Shahid (1993). Early Years of Pakistan: Including the Period from August, 1947 to 1959 (snippet view). Ferozsons. p. 305. ISBN 9789690100627. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Katoch, Lt Col H. (2013). "§(Pakistan)". Territorial Army: Future Challenges (google books). Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789382573760. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Cheema, Pervaiz I.; Riemer, Manuel (1990). "Early Developments". Pakistan's Defence Policy 1947-58 (google books). Springer. p. 240. ISBN 9781349209422. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Journey form Scratch to Nuclear Power". www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk. ISPR (Army). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Journey from Scratch to Nuclear Power". www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk.
  6. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld - Pakistan: The paramilitary group Mujahid Force Regiment, especially its relationship with Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and whether it can compel a member to serve in ISI".
  7. ^ Katoch, Lt Col H. (2013). Territorial Army: Future Challenges. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789382573760. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  8. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=rwaqCQAAQBAJ&pg=PT70&dq=pakistan+national+guard&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjI04bUt6DeAhUjj1QKHdlXCUwQuwUIVTAI#v=onepage&q=pakistan%20national%20guard&f=false

External links[edit]