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|Genres||Progressive rock, Canterbury scene, jazz fusion, psychedelic rock, experimental rock|
|Years active||1975–1980, 1981, 1983|
|Past members||Dave Stewart|
National Health were an English progressive rock band associated with the Canterbury scene. Founded in 1975, the band featured members of keyboardist Dave Stewart's band Hatfield and the North and Alan Gowen's band Gilgamesh, including guitarists Phil Miller and Phil Lee and bassist Mont Campbell as original members. The band was named after Stewart's National Health spectacles. Bill Bruford (previously of Yes and King Crimson) was the initial drummer, but was soon replaced by Pip Pyle. Campbell was replaced by Neil Murray and then John Greaves. Alan Gowen stopped performing with the group after their first album, but returned for their final tours, replacing Dave Stewart, who resigned after their second album. Guitarist Phil Miller was National Health's only constant member.
With a frequently changing line-up, they toured extensively and released their first album, National Health, in 1978. Although it was created during the rise of punk rock, the album is characterized by lengthy, mostly instrumental compositions. Their second record, Of Queues and Cures, which included Henry Cow associates Peter Blegvad (recitation on "Squarer For Maud") and Georgie Born (cello), is held as one of the "best records ever" on the Gnosis website. National Health disbanded after its release.
After the May 1981 death of Gowen, Stewart assembled all the surviving former members to record the album D.S. Al Coda, a set of compositions by Gowen, most previously unrecorded. The original albums and additional archival material have subsequently been released on CD.
The intro of National Health's "Binoculars" was used as a sample on American rock band Deftones' "Black Moon".
|July - September 1975||October - December 1975||December 1975 - January 1976||January - March 1976|
|March - June 1976||July 1976 - January 1977||January - March 1977||March 1977 - January 1978|
|January - September 1978||September - October 1978||January 1979 - March 1980||March 1980 - October 1981|
Dave Stewart took part in a performance of "The Collapso" on BBC's The Old Grey Whistle Test in January 1979, before being replaced by Alan Gowen.
|October - November 1981||November 1981 - August 1983||August 1983|
- Complete (1990; all three studio albums plus bonus tracks)
- Missing Pieces (1996; archival material)
- Playtime (2001; live recordings from 1979)
- Dreams Wide Awake (2005; selected tracks from the first two studio albums)
- 2015: Romantic Warriors III: Canterbury Tales (DVD)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 1796. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- ranked #10 as of 2012/09/13, the Gnosis search facility
- Stump, Paul (1997). The Music's All that Matters: A History of Progressive Rock. Quartet Books Limited. p. 245. ISBN 0-7043-8036-6.
- "Exposé Online » Reviews » National Health - Missing Pieces". Exposé Online.