Freeway 1 (Taiwan)

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TWHW1.svg

Freeway 1
Zhongshan Freeway
Route information
Maintained by Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau
Length 374.3 km[1] (232.6 mi)
Existed October 31, 1978 – present
Major junctions
North end PH 2 in Ren'ai
 
South end PH 17 in Qianzhen
Location
Major cities Keelung, Taipei, New Taipei, Taoyuan, Zhubei, Hsinchu, Taichung, Changhua, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung
Highway system

Highway system in Taiwan

Fwy. 10Fwy. 2
Freeway No. 1
Chinese 國道1號

Freeway 1, also known as Sun Yat-sen Freeway (Chinese: 中山高速公路; pinyin: Zhōngshān gāosù gōnglù), is the first freeway in Taiwan. It begins in Keelung at the intersection of Xiao 2nd Road and Zhong 4th Road and ends in Kaohsiung at the intersection of Zhongshan 4th Road and Yugang Road, giving it a total length of 374.3 kilometres (232.6 mi). The Republic of China government named the freeway as Zhongshan (Chung-shan) Expressway in honor of Sun Yat-sen, the country's founding father.

The construction began in 1971. The north section between Keelung and Zhongli (now Zhongli District, Taoyuan) was completed in 1974, and the entire highway was opened in 1978. A 20.7-kilometre (12.9 mi) viaduct on top of the freeway between Xizhi and Wugu was completed in 1997 in order to expand the capacity of the road.

Lanes[edit]

The lanes in both directions are listed below.

  • 4 Lanes:
    • Keelung terminus – Exit 23 (Yuanshan)
    • Xizhi-Wugu Elevated Highway: Xizhi terminus – Exit 26 (Huanbei)
  • 6 Lanes:
    • Exit 23 (Yuanshan) – Exit 25 (Taipei)
    • Exit 52 (Airport System) – Exit 192 (Changhua System)
    • Exit 198 (Changhua) – Exit 356 (Nanzi) (special measures adopted in partial sections)
    • Exit 367 (Kaohsiung) – Kaohsiung terminus
    • Xizhi-Wugu Elevated Highway: Exit 26 (Huanbei) – Wugu terminus
  • 8 Lanes:
    • Exit 25 (Taipei) – Exit 52 (Airport System)
    • Exit 192 (Changhua System) – Exit 198 (Changhua)
    • Exit 356 (Nanzi) – Exit 362 (Dingjin System)
  • 10 Lanes:
    • Exit 362 (Dingjin System) – Exit 367 (Kaohsiung)

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationkm[1][2]miExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
Keelung CityRen'ai0.00.0 PH 2 (Chenggong Second Road)
Qidu1.10.681Keelung To PH 5 – Badu, Jinshan
2.61.62Badu PH 2D / PH 62 – Ruifang, NuannuanNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
5.03.15Dahua System PH 62 – Wanli, RuibinNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
6.84.26WuduWudu
New Taipei CityXizhi10.56.510Xizhi PH 5B to PH 5A – Xizhi
11.57.111Xizhi System Fwy. 3 to Fwy. 5 – Wanli, MuzhaSigned as exit 10 southbound
12.88.012Xizhi TerminusTWHW1.svg Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Wugu, TidingNorthern terminus of viaduct (collector-express system); southbound entrance to viaduct
Taipei CityNeihu15.29.415DonghuKangning RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
16.610.316ANeihuNanjing East RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
16.810.416BChenggong RoadSigned as exit 16 northbound
Zhongshan22.914.223AYuanshanBinjiang StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
23.214.423BJianguo North Road / Songjiang RoadSigned as exit 23 southbound
Datong25.115.625Taipei PH 2B (Chongcing North Road) – Downtown Taipei, ShilinSigned as exits 25A (north) and 25B (south) southbound
Tamsui River25.9–
26.3
16.1–
16.3
Tamsui River Bridge (zh)
New Taipei CitySanchong27.116.827Sanchong CR 103 (Sanhe Road) / CR 104 south (Chongyang Road) – Sanchong
Wugu32.920.432Wugu TransferTWHW1.svg Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Xizhi, TidingNorthbound transfer onto viaduct
33.120.633Wugu PH 64 / PH 65 south / CR 107A (Xinwu Road) – Xinzhuang, Wugu
Taishan35.822.235Taishan TransferTWHW1.svg Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, HukouSouthbound transfer onto viaduct
New Taipei CityTaoyuan City borderLinkouGuishan border40.925.441ALinkou CR 105 (Wenhua First Road) – Linkou, Guishan
42.326.341BLinkou, Guishan
Taoyuan CityLuzhu49.130.549Taoyuan PH 4 – Taoyuan District, Nankan
Taoyuan District52.732.752Airport System Fwy. 2 to Fwy. 3 – Taoyuan District, Dayuan, Taoyuan Airport
Zhongli55.234.3Zhongli Service Area
57.035.457Neili CR 110A (Zhongyuan Road) – Dayuan, ZhongliSigned as exits 57A (north) and 57B (south) northbound
59Zhongli TransferWugu–Yangmei Elevated Road
TWHW1.svg north – Taoyuan Airport, Wugu
TWHW1.svg south – Hukou
Northbound and southbound transfer onto viaduct
ZhongliPingzhen district line62.438.862Zhongli CR 114 (Minzu Road) – Zhongli, Pingzhen, Xinwu
Pingzhen65.040.465Pingzhen System PH 66 – Daxi, Guanyin
Yangmei67.341.867YoushiYouth Industrial Park
69.243.069Yangmei PH 1 (Zhongshan North Road) – Puxin, Yangmei
71.0Yangmei TerminusTWHW1.svg Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, WuguSouthern terminus of viaduct (collector-express system), northbound entrance to viaduct
HsinchuHukou83.852.183HukouHukou, Xinfeng, Hsinchu Industrial Park
85.9–
87.1
53.4–
54.1
Hukou Service Area
Zhubei91.056.591Zhubei Guangming Sixth Road to CR 120 – Qionglin, Zhubei
Hsinchu CityEast District94.258.595AHsinchuGongdao Fifth Road
95.059.0 CR 117 / CR 122 (Guangfu Road) – Zhudong, Hsinchu
96.159.795BXinan Road – Hsinchu Science Park
Hsinchu CityHsinchu County borderEast DistrictBaoshan border96.760.1Yuanqu Second Road
HsinchuBaoshan99.461.899Hsinchu System Fwy. 3 – Zhunan, Taichung, Zhudong, TaipeiSigned as exits 99A (south) and 99B (north)
Hsinchu City
No major junctions
MiaoliToufen110.468.6110Toufen PH 1 / CR 124A east to CR 124 – Sanwan, Toufen
Touwu126.078.3126Touwu PH 13 – Zaoqiao, Touwu
Gongguan132.882.5132Miaoli PH 6 – Gongguan, Miaoli
Tongluo140.187.1140Tongluo PH 13 – Miaoli, Sanyi
Sanyi150.293.3150Sanyi PH 13 – Sanyi
Taichung CityHouli158.4–
159.2
98.4–
98.9
Tai'an Service Area
160.699.8160Houli CR 132 (Jiahou Road) – Houli, Waipu
Shengang165.5102.8165Taichung System Fwy. 4 to Fwy. 3 – Fengyuan, Qingshui
168.1104.5168Fengyuan PH 10 – Fengyuan, Shengang
Xitun174.2108.2174Daya To PH 1B (Zhongqing Road) – Taichung, Daya
178.6111.0178Taichung PH 12 (Taiwan Boulevard) – Taichung, Shalu
Nantun181.4112.7181Nantun CR 136 (Wuquan West Road) – Taichung, Longjing
Dadu189.4117.7189Wangtian PH 1 – Wuri, Dadu
ChanghuaChanghua192.8119.8192Changhua System Fwy. 3 – Nantou, Dajia
198.4123.3198Changhua PH 19 – Changhua, Lukang
DacunPuyan township line207.7129.1207Puyan System PH 76 – Yuanlin, Caotun, Fuxing, Puyan
Xihu211.0131.1211Yuanlin CR 148 – Puxin, Yuanlin, Xihu
Pitou220.1136.8220Beidou CR 150 – Beidou, Pitou
YunlinXiluo229.6–
230.6
142.7–
143.3
Xiluo Service Area
230.5143.2230Xiluo PH 1 – Citong, Xiluo
Huwei235.7146.5236Huwei CR 145B – Douliu, Huwei
Dounan240.6149.5240Dounan CR 158 (Daye Road) – Dounan, Huwei
Dapi243.8151.5243Yunlin System PH 78 – Gukeng, Tuku
ChiayiDalin250.3155.5250Dalin CR 162 – Dalin, Xikou
Minxiong257.2159.8257Minxiong Minxin Road to CR 164 – Minxiong, Xingang
Chiayi CityWest District264.3164.2264Chiayi CR 159 – Chiayi, Xingang, Beigang
ChiayiShuishang271.0168.4270Shuishang CR 168 – Shuishang, Puzi
272.9169.6272Chiayi System PH 82 to Fwy. 3 – Shuishang, Lucao
Tainan CityHoubi284.4–
285.1
176.7–
177.2
Xinying Service Area
Xinying288.4179.2288Xinying CR 172 – Xinying, Yanshui
Xiaying300.2186.5299Xiaying System PH 84 east – Yujing
Madou303.7188.7303Madou CR 176 – Madou, Jiali
Anding311.1193.3311Anding To CR 178 – Shanhua, Anding
Xinshi315.5196.0315Tainan System Fwy. 8 to Fwy. 3 – Xinhua, Tainan
Yongkang319.6198.6319Yongkang PH 1 (Zhongzheng North Road) – Yongkang, Tainan
324.4201.6324Dawan CR 180 (Xiaodong Road, Fuxing Road, Dawan Road) – Yongkang, TainanSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Rende327.4203.4327Tainan CR 182 (Zhongshan Road) – Rende, Tainan
330.7205.5330Rende System PH 86 – Guanmiao, Tainan
335.6–
336.5
208.5–
209.1
Rende Service Area
Kaohsiung CityLuzhu338.3210.2338Luzhu PH 28 – Alian, Luzhu
342.0212.5342Kaohsiung ScienceKaohsiung Science Park
Yanchao349.4217.1349Gangshan CR 186 – Yanchao, Gangshan
Nanzi356.2221.3356Nanzi PH 22 (Qinan Road) – Dashe, Nanzi
356.9221.8Xingnan Road
NanziRenwu district line358.0222.5 CR 183 – Nanzi, Renwu
Renwu362.4225.2362Dingjin System Fwy. 10 to Fwy. 3 – Cishan, Zuoying
Sanmin367.5228.4367AKaohsiung PH 1 (Jiouru First Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Lingya368.3228.9 PH 1E (Jianguo First Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
368.7229.1367BZhongzheng First Road
369.0229.3367CSanduo First RoadNorthbound exit only
Fengshan369.6229.7369Ruilong RoadRuilong RoadSouthbound exit only
370.4230.2370Wujia System PH 88 east – Pingtung CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance
371.8231.0372Wujia Sanshang Street to CR 183 (Wujia Second Road) – FengshanNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Qianzhen372.8231.6 PH 17 (Zhongshan 4th Road)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road[edit]

CountyLocationkm[1]miExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
New Taipei CityXizhi12.88.0 Fwy. 1 north
Taipei CityNeihu18.811.718TidingTiding Boulevard
Songshan20.712.920XiatayouBinjiang StreetNorthbound exit only
Datong26.116.226HuanbeiHuanhe North RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
New Taipei CityWugu32.019.932Wugu TransferTWHW1.svg Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, YangmeiSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
32.119.933Wugu PH 64 / PH 65 south / CR 107A (Xinwu Road) – Xinzhuang, WuguSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
32.920.4 Fwy. 1 south
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road[edit]

CountyLocationkmmiExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
New Taipei CityWugu32.019.9TWHW1.svg Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Xizhi, Tiding
Taishan35.822.235Taishan Transfer Fwy. 1 northNorthbound transfer to ground
TaoyuanTaoyuan District52.732.752Airport System Fwy. 2 west – Dayuan, Taoyuan AirportNo exit to eastbound
Zhongli59.737.159Zhongli Transfer Fwy. 1 north – Taoyuan
Fwy. 1 south – Zhongli
Northbound and southbound transfer to ground
Yangmei7144 Fwy. 1 south
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Freeway No. 1 – Distances of facilities (exits, service areas)". Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ Google (February 23, 2014). "Freeway 1 (Taiwan)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Relation: 國道一號中山高速公路(南下) (3745870) – OpenStreetMap (Map). Cartography by OpenStreetMap contributors. OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Relation: 國道一號中山高速公路(北上) (3745869) – OpenStreetMap (Map). Cartography by OpenStreetMap contributors. OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 16, 2014.