National Hispanic Heritage Month
|Hispanic Heritage Month|
|Observed by||Canada, Latin America, United States|
|Type||National, heritage, cultural, ethnic|
|Significance||Celebration of Hispanic and Latino Americans contributions|
|Related to||Latino Heritage Month|
National Hispanic Heritage Month is the period from September 15 to October 15 in the United States, when people recognize the contributions of Hispanic and Latino Americans to the United States and celebrate the group's heritage and culture.
Hispanic Heritage Week was established by legislation sponsored by Rep. Edward R. Roybal (D-Los Angeles) and first proclaimed President Lyndon Johnson in 1968. The commemorative week was expanded by legislation sponsored by Rep. Esteban E. Torres (D-Pico Rivera) and implemented by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period (September 15 - October 15). It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988 on the approval of Public Law 100-402.
September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. All declared independence in 1821. In addition, Mexico, Chile and Belize celebrate their independence days on September 15, September 18, and September 21, respectively.
Hispanic Heritage Month also celebrates the long and important presence of Hispanic and Latino Americans in North America, starting with the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. A map of late 18th-century North America shows this presence, from the small outpost of San Francisco founded in the desolate wilderness of Alta California in 1776, through the Spanish province of Texas with its vaqueros (cowboys), to the fortress of St. Augustine, Florida — the first settlement in North America, founded in 1513, ninety-four years before the English landed in Jamestown, Virginia.
During HHM, communities celebrate the achievements and contributions of Hispanic and Latino Americans with community festivals, government-sponsored activities and educational activities for students.
- "The Creation and Evolution of the National Hispanic Heritage Celebration | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved 2015-10-03.
- Gonzalez, Josue M. (2008-06-05). Encyclopedia of Bilingual Education. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781452265964.
- "National Hispanic Heritage Month 2016 - Home". Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- "Hispanic Heritage Festival". Fayetteville Chamber of Commerce | Fayetteville, AR. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- Weber, David J. (1992). The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05198-0.
- Fernández-Shaw, Carlos M. (1987). La Presencia Española en Los Estados Unidos. Madrid: Instituto de Cooperación Iberoamericana. ISBN 0-8160-2314-X.
- McDermott, John Francis (1974). The Spanish in the Mississippi Valley 1762-1804. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-00269-5.
- McDermott, John Francis. The Spanish in the Mississippi Valley 1762-1804. Urbana, IL.
Media related to National Hispanic Heritage Month at Wikimedia Commons