National Integration Council

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National Integration Council
Formation 2 June 1962
Type Government advisory body
Purpose Address the problems of communalism, casteism and regionalism
Region served
India
Membership
147
Official language
Hindi
Chairman
Prime minister of India,

The National Integration Council (NIC) is a group of senior politicians and public figures in India that looks for ways to address the problems of communalism, casteism and regionalism.[1]

Origin[edit]

The National Integration Council originated in a conference convened by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in September–October 1961. The purpose was to find ways to counter problems that were dividing the country including attachment to specific communities, castes, religions and languages.

The conference set up the NIC to review national integration issues and make recommendations. The NIC met for the first time in June 1962. The fourteenth meeting was held in New Delhi on 13 October 2008. The fifteenth meeting was held on 10 September 2011 in New Delhi. The latest meeting (sixteenth meeting) was held on 23 September 2013[2]

Activities since 2005[edit]

The NIC was reconstituted and met again in August 2005.[2] The new council had 103 members.[3] The inaugural meeting was attended by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress Party leader Sonia Gandhi. Twelve Chief Ministers and twelve Union Ministers attended, as did leaders of all the main political parties. The NIC met in October 2008 soon after the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government had taken office.[1] In this special meeting chaired by Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India, the NIC raised its voice against spreading anti-Christian violence in India. [4]

In April 2010 the council was reconstituted with 147 members, again chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.[1] The fifteenth meeting was scheduled in Delhi for 10 September 2011. The agenda included discussion of measures to eliminate discrimination, promote communal harmony and curb communalism and communal violence. The attendees were also to discuss ways in which the state and police should handle civil disturbances and ways to curb radicalization of youth in the name of religion and caste.[5] The Communal Violence Bill came under attack at the meeting, with Bharatiya Janata Party leaders saying the bill would encourage rather than curb communalism and that the bill unjustly assumed that in a riot the majority was always at fault.[6]

On 19 October 2010 the government established a standing committee of the National Integration Council. Home Minister P. Chidambaram was appointed chairman and four Union Ministers and nine Chief Ministers were appointed members. The committee would decide on agenda items for future council meetings.[7]

Baselios Cardinal Cleemis Catholicos has been nominated as a Member of the National Integration Council under category IX (Eminent Public Figures). The National Integration Council under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister was reconstituted on October 28, 2013.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c VINAY KUMAR (April 13, 2010). "National Integration Council reconstituted". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  2. ^ a b "NATIONAL INTEGRATION COUNCIL (NIC)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  3. ^ "National Integration Council reconstituted". The Hinduu. 2 Feb 2005. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  4. ^ "India under siege". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2008-10-18. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 
  5. ^ "Fifteenth National Integration Council meeting in Delhi today". NDTV. 10 September 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  6. ^ "Communal Bill comes under attack in NIC meeting". Indian Express. Sep 10, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  7. ^ "Chidambaram appointed chairman of National Integration Council". One India. October 19, 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-05.