National Intelligence Coordinating Agency
|Pambansang Sangay para sa Pagsasamang Kaalaman|
Intelligence is Security
|Jurisdiction||Government of the Philippines|
|Headquarters||Quezon City, Philippines|
|Parent agency||Office of the President|
The National Intelligence Coordinating Agency (NICA) (Filipino: Pambansang Sangay para sa Pagsasamang Kaalaman) (PSPK) is the primary intelligence gathering and analysis arm of the Philippine government, in charge of carrying out overt, covert, and clandestine intelligence programs. Its motto is: Kaalaman ay Kaligtasan (translated: "Intelligence is Security").
The agency is led by a Director-General and is assisted by a Deputy Director-General. The former reports directly to the President. Its present headquarters are located in Quezon City. Retired Philippine National Police general Ager P. Ontog is the current director general of NICA
The NICA has a National Intelligence Board that serves as an advisory board to the Director-General before he would submit his findings to the President relating to national security matters affecting the Philippines.
Founded in 1959, it was created by President Elpidio Quirino under the authority of Executive Order 235 with further powers relating to intelligence work added by a commission of the Government Survey and Reorganization Commission in 1954. It was abolished on September 16, 1972 by President Ferdinand Marcos under Presidential Decree 51 and replaced by the National Intelligence and Security Authority (NISA) headed by General Fabian Ver. The agency was primarily used to track down and eliminate anti-Marcos opponents before President Marcos was forced into exile. During his reign, it was one of main government organizations accused of human rights abuses. After the 1st EDSA Revolution, it was renamed the National Intelligence Coordinating Agency in 1987, replacing the NISA and was merged with the Civil Intelligence and Security Agency when the Philippine Constitution was revamped, where it refocused its priorities in tackling the communist movement. Their work has resulted in their weakening in the late 1990s.
In 1990, the Philippine's National Security Advisor was given responsibility to oversee management and control of the agency as to be responsive to the needs of the president and the National Security Council.
Executive Order Number 492, issued on February 1, 2006, orders the NICA to activate the National Maritime Aerial Reconnaissance and Surveillance Center or NMARSC. The NMARSC shall serve as the primary IMINT provider for the Philippine intelligence community. Under the supervision and oversight of the National Security Adviser, the NICA-directed NMARSC will operate unmanned aerial vehicles or UAVs to cater to the imagery intelligence demands of various government agencies.
The NICA is also active in the Philippines' Anti-Terrorism Council, established recently, in order to set guidelines in passing a proposed Anti-Terrorism Law, known as the Human Security Act signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on February 8, 2007.
In 2005, it started activation of two directorates involving economic intelligence and counterintelligence.
- Office of the Director-General - Led by Director-General
- Directorate of Operations - Led by Assistant Director-General for Operations
- Directorate of Production - Led by the Assistant Director-General for Production
- Directorate of Administration - Led by the Assistant Director-General for Administration
- Management and Planning Office
- Office of the Comptroller
- Various Field Stations
Known Director Generals
- Fabian Ver, accused by various human rights groups of using the NISA as an anti-Marcos watchdog as well as the "secret police" of the regime supported by the military and the police elements to crush the subversive elements at that time.
- Alfredo Filler, retired as Vice Chief of Armed Forces of the Philippines after serving as director.
- Col Vicente S. Yumul- in 1986 took over as Director-General of NICA after Gen Fabian Ver was ousted when Cory Aquino became President.
- NICA LOGO. Retrieved on May 5, 2015
- PROVIDING FOR THE CREATION OF THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE COORDINATING AGENCY. Retrieved on July 24, 2007
- Intelligence Agency Pelted with Tomatoes. Retrieved on July 24, 2007.
- History of NICA at the Wayback Machine (archived June 2, 2003). Retrieved on December 27, 2007.
- Comparative Criminology - Asia: Philippines. Retrieved on July 24, 2007
- Philippines arrests al Qaeda-linked bomber. Retrieved on July 24, 2007.
- Ready To Implement Anti-Terror Law. Retrieved on July 24, 2007.
- Why Arroyo needs anti-terror law. Retrieved on November 28, 2007.
- Intel agencies invoke broader national security concerns to justify budget. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
- List of foreign participants. Retrieved on July 24, 2007.