National Intelligence and Security Service

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National Intelligence and Security Service
Seal of the National Intelligence and Security Service.svg
NISS Seal
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of Sudan
HeadquartersKhartoum, Sudan
Agency executive
  • Abu Bakr Mustafa, Director

The National Intelligence and Security Service (Arabic: جهاز الأمن والمخابرات الوطني السوداني‎, Jihaaz Al Amn Wal Mukhaabaraat Al Watani) is the intelligence service of the federal government of Sudan. The NISS is an incredibly powerful body, and has been granted extensive powers by the National Security Acts of 1999 and 2010 and has been referred to as a secret police organization.[1][2][3]

It is widely accepted that in addition to its domestic operations, the NISS has operations and agents throughout the Middle East, North Africa and Western Europe. The secretive organisation's most well known operation is its massive intelligence network in Iraq, which it was able to build by recruiting foreign fighters passing through Khartoum on their way to Iraq.

From 2004 to 2009 the NISS was led by Salah Gosh until he was removed by President Al-Bashir and replaced with Mohammed Atta al-Moula, who the deputy director of the service who has led it ever since.[4]

The NISS also operates the Rapid Support Forces.[5]

On April 13, 2019, Gosh, who was reappointed NISS Director in 2018 and was a controversial figure,[6] was sacked as head of the agency after the country's ruler Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan accepted his resignation.[7][8] On April 14, 2019, Lieutenant General Abu Bakr Mustafa was named as Gosh's successor.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Document". Amnesty.org. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  2. ^ Caryl, Christian (October 3, 2012). "An Idealist on Death Row". Foreign Policy. Retrieved February 21, 2015. ...the Sudanese secret police — the notorious National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS)...
  3. ^ Howden, Daniel (June 28, 2012). "Has the Arab Spring now spread to Sudan?". The Independent. Retrieved February 21, 2015. ...and the hated secret police, the NISS.
  4. ^ Wheeler, Skye (August 14, 2009). "Sudan president replaces intelligence chief". Reuters. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  5. ^ "Sudan's RSF pledges to liberate rebel stronghold in South Kordofan". Sudan Tribune. June 10, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2016. The militia was activated and restructured again in August last year under the command of NISS
  6. ^ "Sudan's intelligence chief Salah Gosh resigns: Military council". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Sudan's military holds talks with protesters as curfew lifted". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Sudan's military council names new intelligence chief". France 24. 14 April 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2019.