National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company
National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company (NIORDC) is part of the Ministry of Petroleum of Iran. NIORDC was established on 8 March 1991 and undertook to perform all operations relating to refining and distribution of oil products.
Although NIORDC was formed in the 1990s, the company has actually inherited 90 years of Iran’s oil industries' experiences in the fields of refining, transfer and distribution of oil products, as well as, engineering and construction of installations of oil industries.
Responsibilities and duties (As of 2009)
- Refining crude oil and producing a variety of oil products.
- Transferring crude oil from production bases and “Khazar Terminal” to the refineries and also transferring oil products from refineries and import bases to distribution procurement depots and distribution centres.
- Performing all refining projects and schemes, transfer and storing.
- Production, transfer and distribution of 250 million litres of oil products per day.
- Daily export of around 60 million litres of oil products abroad via oil terminals.
- Providing different sectors – industry, agriculture and power plants – with fuel and feed regularly e.g. petrochemical complexes.
- Providing consuming fuel to residential sector, business sector in urban and the peasantry communities all over the country.
- Providing more than 7 million vehicles – heavy and light – in the transportation sector with their required daily fuel.
Installations and capabilities
As of 2010, NIORDC had 19 subsidiaries and affiliated companies, including 9 oil existing refineries. Between 2007 and 2012, oil refining capacity for crude oil and gas condensate would increase from 1,600,000 barrels per day (250,000 m3/d) to 3,300,000 barrels per day (520,000 m3/d). By 2009, Iran had a total refining capacity of 1,860,000 barrels per day (296,000 m3/d).
|Refinery||Installed Capacity (bbl/d)|
|Tehran (Shahid Tondgouyan)||220,000 (Euro 5 compliant by 2012)|
|Arvand Oil Refinery||120,000|
|Lavan Island||63000 (Since 2012)|
|Total:||1.45 Mbbl/d (231,000 m3/d).|
|Oil Products||KBPD (thousand barrel per day)||Percent|
|Kerosene (Jet fuel)||136||8%|
- Fourteen thousand kilometers of crude oil and oil product transfer pipelines.
- 150 pumping stations.
- Oil industry telecommunication network.
- Operational zones for pipelines and telecommunication.
- 35 operational zones for NIOPDC.
- 220 operational areas for NIOPDC.
- Storage tank installations with 10 billion litre capacity (2009). As of 2010, the storage capacity of oil products in the country was around 11.5 billion liters, but it would reach 16.7 billion liters by the end of the Fifth Five Year Development Plan (2010-2015).
Major gasoline suppliers to Iran historically have been India, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, the Netherlands, France, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates. The Financial Times reported that Vitol, Glencore, Trafigura and other (western) companies had since stopped supplying petrol to Iran because of international sanctions. In 2006, Vitol, a MNC based in Switzerland, supplied Iran with 60% of its total gasoline cargo imports.
- Average daily gasoline consumption stood at 73 million liters in 2006 but fell to 64 million liters per day in 2007 concurrent with gasoline rationing plan and to 61 million liters after the full implementation of the first phase of the subsidy reforms plan. Gasoline production would reach 70 million liters per day in 2013.
- In 2008 Iran has imported nearly 40% of its market needs because of lack of refining capacity and contraband.
- In 2009, Iran spent paid $11 billion on imported fuel. In 2010, gasoline import declined to 30% of its market needs at 25 million liters of gasoline and 11 million liters of diesel fuel per day.
- In September 2010, Iran claimed that it has stopped importing gasoline according to the domestic capacity expansion plans. This statement was later denied by the government of Hassan Rouhani.
- As of July 2010, Iran produces between 280,000 barrels (45,000 m3) and 285,000 barrels (45,300 m3) of gasoline a day and until recently had acquired the remaining 30 percent, which is about 115,000 barrels per day (18,300 m3/d) to 120,000 barrels per day (19,000 m3/d), through big oil companies.
- In 2014 Iran will import 10-11 million liters of gasoline per day overall, including 8-10 million liters of premium gasoline from India per day because some of the gasoline produced domestically does not meet the Euro-5 quality standards (and also because of the fuel smuggling/price differential with neighboring countries.)
- In 2016, fuel imports decreased 50% to ~4 million liters per day on average thanks to falling oil prices (i.e. price differential and consequent fall in smuggling activity.) All the while the subsidy reform plan was suspended.
|BP (UK)||CNPC (China)|
|ENOC (UAE)||Glencore (Switzerland)|
|Glencore (Switzerland)||IPG (Kuwait)|
|IPG (Kuwait)||Litasco (Russia)|
|MEP (UAE)||Petronas (Malaysia)|
|Reliance Industries (India)||Reliance Industries (India)|
|Shell (Netherlands)||Shell (Netherlands)|
|SPC (Singapore)||Total (France)|
|Total (France)||Trafigura (Switzerland)|
|Trafigura (Switzerland)||Vitol (Switzerland)|
|Vitol (Switzerland)||Zhenhua Oil (China)|
After completion of 7 new refineries and improvement to the existing refineries at a cost of $26 billion; along with the implementation of the subsidy reform plan to cut demand, it is possible that Iran would cease being a gasoline importer by 2010-2011 and will become a net exporter by 2013-2015.
While the country remains dependent on small gasoline and diesel imports, net gasoline imports in 2013 averaged only 33 000 bpd. This compares to refined product imports of 182 000 bpd in 2009, of which two thirds was gasoline (approximately 132 000 bpd).
As of 2015, except for the Persian Gulf Star Refinery in Assalouyeh, all plans for the building of 13 new oil refineries have been abandoned "due to technical and financial issues" according to Iranian media.
|Refinery||Location||Refining capacity||Estimated costs ||Estimated completion date|
|Khuzestan refinery (privately owned)||Arvand Free Zone, near Abadan||180,000 barrels per day (29,000 m3/d). The refinery will refine the heavy crude oil produced in Azadegan and Yadavaran oil fields. It will also produce 10 million liters of super gasoline complying with Euro IV standard, 12.6 million liters of diesel oil, 3 million liters of jet fuel, five million liters of liquefied gas, and 440 tons of sulfur.||2.9 billion euros||2012|
|The Persian Gulf Star refinery||Assalouyeh||360,000 of gas condensates per day and to produce gasoline, jet fuel, and other valuable products.||2.5 billion euros||2010|
|Shahriar refinery||Tabriz||150,000 barrels per day (24,000 m3/d); gasoline production: 70,000 barrels per day (11,000 m3/d)||1.2 billion euros||2012|
|Anahita refinery||Kermanshah Province||150,000 barrels per day (24,000 m3/d)||1.3 billion euros||2012|
|Hormoz refinery||Bandar Abbas||300,000 barrels (48,000 m3) of heavy and extra heavy crude oil||$4.3 billion||2012|
|Caspian refinery||Gorgan, Golestan Province||300,000 barrels (48,000 m3) of crude oil; 20 million liters of gasoline, 11 million liters of gas oil from Caspian Sea countries with exports to Turkey, Afghanistan and Pakistan||$4 billion||2013|
|Pars refinery||Shiraz||120,000 barrels per day (19,000 m3/d)||800 million euros||2012|
|Refinery||Location||Refining capacity||Estimated costs||Completion date|
|Yasouj refinery||Yasouj||150,000 barrels per day (24,000 m3/d). The refinery will produce petrol, gasoil, kerosene, furnace oil, liquefied gas, asphalt, and sulfur.||$2.2 billion||2014|
Planned in 2011, Qeshm refinery (capable of processing heavy crude oil) will have an output capacity of 30,000 barrels a day of light oil products and will become operational by 2014.
- Providing desirable fuel supplying services and supplying feed of industries and factories all over the country in due time.
- Reducing consumption rate through employing energy consumption management and raising export rate to make foreign currency.
- Reducing waste materials through improving efficiency in refining and distribution system.
- Reducing environment pollution to reach stable development.
- Raising human force productivity and promoting level of training.
- Increasing output of refinery facilities and transfer are distribution of oil products.
- Reducing cost of production, transfer and distribution of oil products.
The NIORDC subsidiaries are as follows:
- National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Co.
- Management of Construction & Development of "CNG" Stations Co.
- National Iranian Oil Engineering and Construction Co. (NIOEC)
- Oil Pipeline and Telecommunication Co.
- Oil Refining Co.
- The nationalization of the Iran oil industry movement
- Petroleum industry in Iran
- Abadan Refinery
- Arvand Oil Refinery
- List of oil refineries
- 2007 Gas Rationing Plan in Iran
- National Iranian Oil Company
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