National Junior College

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National Junior College
国家初级学院
Maktab Rendah Kebangsaan
தேசிய ஜூனியர் கல்லூரி
Njccrest.png
国家初级学院.JPG
Location
37 Hillcrest Road, Singapore 288913
Singapore
Coordinates 1°19′49″N 103°48′15″E / 1.330278°N 103.804167°E / 1.330278; 103.804167Coordinates: 1°19′49″N 103°48′15″E / 1.330278°N 103.804167°E / 1.330278; 103.804167
Information
Type Government
co-educational
Motto Service with Honour
Established 20 January 1969
Principal Mr Ang Pow Chew
Enrollment Approx. 1900
Color(s)  Red   White   Grey 
Mission College of the Nation: Home of scholars and leaders who Serve with Honour.
Values Loyalty with Integrity
Scholarship with Creativity
Leadership with Sensitivity
Service with Honour
Website

National Junior College (NJC) (Simplified Chinese: 国家初级学院) is the first Junior College to be established in Singapore. Founded in 1969, National Junior College offers a two-year course for pre-university students and a six-year Integrated Programme, both leading up to the Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level qualification.

History[edit]

First announced by pioneering Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew in May 1965 as a "super secondary boarding school", the National Junior College was the first specialised co-educational government school established in independent Singapore for top pre-university students.[1][2]

It was announced in December 1965 by then Minister for Education Ong Pang Boon that a centralised "junior college" system would be established to optimise the use of teachers and laboratory facilities and to create more educational opportunities for pre-university students. This system replaced the previous pre-university education conducted at various secondary schools across the country.[3] In 1967, construction began on the first institution that operated under this arrangement, which was named National Junior College.[4] On 20 January 1969, an inaugural assembly was held with the pioneer batch of 572 students. The college was officially declared open by pioneering Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew on 14 May 1970.[5]

Unlike other pre-university schools of the time, students were given the freedom and flexibility to opt for their subjects under the college's lecture and tutorial system. This resulted in over 40 different subject combinations. Besides General Paper, which was compulsory, other subjects offered to students included Art, Biology, Chemistry, Economics, English Literature, Geography, History and Mathematics.[5]

In keeping with its name and philosophy, the College claims no affiliation with any secondary school but instead draws its students from a wide spectrum. In addition, Singapore students learn alongside students from India, China, Hong Kong, Korea as well as ASEAN countries such as Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. NJC also plays host to German, PRC, Taiwanese, Vietnamese and Japanese students in exchange programmes.[6]

In January 1985, National Junior College introduced the Art Elective Programme, and subsequently rolled out the Humanities Scheme in 1987 with experienced British teachers specially arranged to tutor students in various humanities subjects.[7][8] In 1992, NJC became the first junior college to offer German as part of its Language Elective Programme.[9]

The college introduced the four-year Integrated Programme in 2004, allowing students to take on secondary education in the college and bypass the Singapore-Cambridge GCE Ordinary Level examination.[10] The programme was later expanded to a six-year Integrated Programme in 2009.[11]

Identity and Culture[edit]

Uniform[edit]

The uniform for male students is a shirt with shoulder epaulettes, secured by square silver buttons embossed with the school crest.[12] The uniform for female students is similar, except that there are no pockets on the blouse and they have a pleated A-line skirt.[12] Students also wear a pin, depicting the college crest, on the uniform's left collar. The main colour of the school uniform is grey[13] – a colour chosen for its similarity to the colour white, which is one of the official colours of the school. Consequently, the colour grey, rather than white, was chosen to reflect the working class and to remind the students of their duty to serve the Nation with honour, and the need to be humble and respectful of others regardless of educational background.[citation needed]

On Wednesdays, termed as 'Inquiry Days', and Thursdays, the white college polo shirt and the college house shirts can be worn respectively. The physical education (PE) attire of National Junior College, consists of a white shirt with red trims on its sleeves and bright red shorts. For religious purposes, black, long pants can be accepted in replacement of the red shorts.

For formal events, NJCians wear their red College blazer together with white shirt and red college ties for Junior High 1–4, and grey college ties for Senior High 1 and 2. They wear them along with grey pants or skirts and black leather or court shoes. Alternatively, the full-grey uniform with a red college tie is worn.

College Anthem and Song[edit]

There are two official college songs – the College Anthem and a College Song, entitled "The National Dream".[14] The College Anthem was composed by Mr. Leong Yoon Pin,[14] a renowned Singaporean composer whose works include the opera Bunga Mawar and the concert overture Dayong Sampan.[15] The College Anthem is written in Malay, the Republic of Singapore's official national language.[14]

House System[edit]

The house system at National Junior College was established in 1998, replacing the previous Department system.[16] Through this system, students from the arts and science streams get to bond together through intra-college house competition and activities.[16] The six houses of the college and their respective mascots are as follows:

House Color Mascot
Aerius Purple Falcon
Aqua Blue Orca
Ignis Red Phoenix
Lignum Orange Beaver
Solaris Yellow Lion
Terra Green Gazelle

Campus[edit]

The atrium of National Junior College

Work started on National Junior College's campus in September 1967. Located at the junction of Linden Road and Dunearn Road, the campus was completed in less than 15 months, at a cost of SGD $1.6 million.[12] The original campus featured an audio-visual lab, 10 science laboratories, a library, two lecture theatres, 30 classrooms, nine tutorial rooms, an assembly hall, a canteen, an administrative block with other activity rooms.[12] National Junior College used this campus until 1997, when it shifted to its present location at Hillcrest Road.

The current campus of National Junior College is located at 37 Hillcrest Road in Bukit Timah, houses both the Junior High and Senior High sections of the school, as well as a boarding school.[12] This current campus features five lecture theatres (with two theatres having a seating capacity of 500), three tutorial room blocks and three information technology rooms. The campus also features three Sigma labs, which are equipped with sophisticated scientific instruments and equipment to promote science research in the college.[17] The college has a dedicated art block as part of the Art Elective Programme (Singapore) (AEP).[18] This Art Centre contains facilities such as a 3-dimensional work-pottery-sculpture studio, a drawing and painting studio, a pottery kiln room, and a photography darkroom to enable students in the AEP to experiment with different art media.[18]

Boarding School[edit]

At the 2007 Ministry of Education Workplan Seminar, it was announced that five schools, including National Junior College, will each start their own boarding programme. Thus, National Junior College's boarding school was constructed to cater to the new programme and it was officially opened on 16 May 2009. Built at a cost of SGD $20 million, this boarding school has 250 rooms housing around 500 students and teachers.[19] In addition to housing foreign students, who make up half of the boarding school population,[17] it also houses students who are participating in the college's Enhanced Boarding Programme.[19]

Academic Information[edit]

National Junior College offers two education routes that lead to the GCE 'A’ Level examinations:

  • 6 year Integrated Programme (Grades 7 to 12)
  • 2 year JC Programme (Grades 11 to 12)

Students who are admitted to the NJC Integrated Programme (at Junior High 1 and 3 level) will skip the GCE ‘O’ Level and take the GCE ‘A’ Level examinations at the end of their sixth or fourth year in NJC.[citation needed]

Students who are admitted to NJC JC Programme (at Senior High 1 level) must have taken their GCE 'O’ Levels examinations or equivalent. They will take the GCE 'A’ Level examinations at the end of their second year in NJC, like all other students taking the JC route towards the exam.[citation needed]

Special Programmes[edit]

In National Junior College, various special programmes are also offered in addition to the standard school curriculum. Such programmes aim to develop student interest in academic and non-academic fields beyond their chosen field of academic studies.[12]

Art Elective Programme (AEP)[edit]

National Junior College was the first school to offer the Art Elective Programme (AEP) in 1985 to allow student with a passion in Art to develop their talents.[12] Under this programme, the college also provides specialised facilities to allow students to experiment with different art media. At the end of this programme, students are expected to sit for Art as a subject at the Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level at both the Higher 2 and Higher 3 levels. The college was also one of the six college to pioneer the Humanities Programme scheme in 1987, a scheme by Singapore's Ministry of Education to encourage students to pursue the study of humanities at the pre-university level. In 1992, German was introduced as a subject for the first time in a junior college under the Language Elective Programme.[2]

Music Programme[edit]

NJC also offers its own Music Programme, not to be confused with MEP (Music Elective Programme), to provide students with a holistic and unique learning experience through an eclectic range of enrichment activities.to provide students with a holistic and unique learning experience through an eclectic range of enrichment activities. It started in 2006 and is currently offers a 6-year course which culminates at 'A’ Level, where students can take Music at Higher 2 level. However, students may wish to drop the subject at the 2 or 4-year mark.

Science Special Programmes[edit]

National Junior College also offer special programmes related to science subjects. The two most distinct programmes are featured below:

  • Science Training and Research (STaR) Programme, a Science research programme. Students get to conduct their research together with the college's local and international science research partners, such as A*Star and the Korea Science Academy of KAIST. Senior High students can also participate in the NUS-A*STaR-NJC Science Research programme, where their work will be assessed by the National University of Singapore and will count as a Higher 3 credit at the Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level examinations.[20]
  • Advanced Inquiry in Mathematics (AIM) Programme, a math enrichment programme. This programme allows students with an interest and strong ability in mathematics to participate in additional enrichment programmes during their Senior High Year 1.[21]

Enhanced Boarding Programme[edit]

The National Junior College's boarding programme was launched in 2009 together with the opening of the boarding school. Under this programme, students stay in the boarding school for slightly less than one school term (5~8 weeks).[19] Students also participate in the various activities planned during their stay.[19] Such programmes include aesthetics programmes, leadership development programmes and night adventures. Since 2009, all Integrated Programme students from the college have participated in this compulsory programme.[19]

Co-curricular Activities[edit]

National Junior College provides its students with a wide range of co-curriculum activities. Sports and Games include Aikido, cricket (boys), climbing, football, table tennis, badminton, floorball, shooting, tennis, basketball, hockey, softball, touch rugby (girls), canoeing & dragonboating, netball, squash, Track & Field/cross country. There are also performing arts such as Chinese orchestra/Guzheng ensemble, piano ensemble, choir, string orchestra, guitar ensemble, symphonic band and dance groups(Chinese, Malay, Indian, Western). Students can also participate in various clubs and societies such as aesthetics clubs (DV Club, Photography Club and Art Club), Literature Wing, Debating & Dramatic Societies (English, Chinese, Malay, Tamil), Mathematics Society, IT & Innovation Club, Outdoor Activities Club, Greenlink, Interact Club and Science & Technology Club.[22]

Student Council[edit]

Under the Student Council is the Senior Council, consisting of Student Representatives who are elected by the student body from a group of council elects which must first be approved by teachers in April and will hold office for a year. The Senior Council is run by the Executive Committee elected by the council members with the exception of the President and Vice-President, who are elected by the general student population. This committee consists of the President, Vice-President, Honorary Secretary for Internal Affairs, Honorary Secretary for External Affairs, Honorary Treasurer, four Heads of Committees and six House Captains.[23]

A junior wing of the student council was established in 2010 to represent the Junior High 1 to 3 students. The Junior Council is made up of 24 Student Representatives selected by teachers. The Junior Council and Senior Council are autonomous bodies working hand-in-hand under the ambit of the Student Council.[23]

Notable alumni[edit]

National Junior College have nurtured many notable alumni in various fields such as politics, civil service, business, academics, as well as entertainment. This include current Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong, opposition politician Chen Show Mao, actress and director Claire Wong, and many more.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lee plans a super Eton-style boarding school". The Straits Times. 3 May 1965. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Establishment of Singapore's First Junior College". National Library Board, Singapore. HistorySG. 2014. Archived from the original on 25 November 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  3. ^ W., Campbell (16 January 1968). "Singapore builds a new step in higher education". The Straits Times. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  4. ^ Wong, Moh Keed (2009). And they called us car park attendants : Singapore's first JC. Singapore: National Junior College. p. 8. ISBN 9789810827175. 
  5. ^ a b "Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew talking with students at …". nas.gov.sg. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "IREP – Research@NJC". nationaljc.moe.edu.sg. National Junior College, Singapore. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Art scheme's expat teacher". The Straits Times. 17 January 1985. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "3 more JCs added to list of centres". The Straits Times. 23 October 1986. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "NJC to have A-level German". The Straits Times. 29 September 1991. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "Life in the fast lane". The Straits Times. 3 January 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "NJC to take in students from Sec 1". The Straits Times. 19 February 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Kow, Gerrie (22 June 2011). "National Junior College on Singapore Infopedia". Singapore National Library Board. Archived from the original on 25 November 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "National Junior College". The Straits Times. 16 May 2009. 
  14. ^ a b c "About Us: College Anthem". National Junior College. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Leong Yoon Pin on Singapore Infopedia". National Library Board, Singapore. Singapore Infopedia. 30 December 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Virtual Tour of National Junior College's History". National Junior College. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "NJC opens new boarding school; Millennia Institute opens new campus". Channel NewsAsia. 16 May 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "Art Elective Programme". National Junior College. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d e Lim, Cheryl (25 May 2009). "NJC boarding school to instill life lessons". My Paper. asiaone. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "STaR Programme". National Junior College. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "AIM Programme". National Junior College. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  22. ^ "Co-curricular Activities". nationaljc.moe.edu.sg. National Junior College, Singapore. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  23. ^ a b "Student Council". nationaljc.moe.edu.sg. National Junior College, Singapore. Retrieved 25 December 2016.