National Liberation Party (Costa Rica)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
National Liberation Party
Partido Liberación Nacional
President José María Figueres
Founder José Figueres Ferrer
Founded October 12, 1951; 64 years ago (1951-10-12)
Headquarters Casa Liberacionista "José Figueres Ferrer", San José, Costa Rica
Student wing Juventud Universitaria Liberacionista
Youth wing Juventud Liberacionista
Ideology Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
Regional affiliation COPPPAL
International affiliation Socialist International
Colours           Green, white
Legislative Assembly
18 / 57
4 / 8
58 / 81
Party flag
Bandera de Partido Liberación Nacional.svg
Politics of Costa Rica
Political parties

The National Liberation Party (Spanish: Partido Liberación Nacional, commonly abbreviated as PLN), nicknamed the verdiblancos ("green and whites"),[1] is a political party in Costa Rica. It was founded by José Figueres in 1951 following the end of the Costa Rican Civil War. It soon became one of the most important in the country.

Some of the most dynamic and popular leaders[citation needed] who have presided over the country have come from the PLN. Among them are Civil War hero José Figueres and Nobel Peace Prize winner Óscar Arias. The party is a member of the Socialist International.[2]

In 2002, for the first time in history, it lost its second consecutive election. The party won only 27.1 percent of the popular vote and 17 out of 57 seats. At the presidential elections of the same date, its candidate, Rolando Araya Monge won 31.0 percent of the vote, the worst showing ever for the party, and was defeated in the run-off election by Abel Pacheco.

In the 2006 parliamentary election, the party won 25 out of 57 seats. Its candidate at the presidential election on the same day, Óscar Arias won 40.92 percent and was elected. In the 2011 general election, Laura Chinchilla, the previous vice-president and the PLN candidate, won the election with an initial count of 47 percent.

A newspaper poll in July 2011 showed a decline in party popularity. Commentary on the poll pointed to an inherited fiscal crisis, border friction with Nicaragua, and natural disasters the previous November as contributing factors to public discontent.[3][4][5]


  1. ^ Tres candidatos frenarían nuevos tratados comerciales La Nación, 2013-12-31. (Spanish)
  2. ^ Socialist International list of members. Retrieved on 2012-08-10.
  3. ^ Se desploma calificación sobre labor de presidenta Chinchilla. (2012-04-26). Retrieved on 2013-22-22.
  4. ^ Sueño totalitario. (2012-05-21). Retrieved on 2012-08-10.
  5. ^ Elisabeth Malkin (February 8, 2010). "Costa Rica: Female Leader Elected". New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2010. 

External links[edit]