National Széchényi Library

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from National Library of Hungary)
Jump to: navigation, search
National Széchényi Library

The National Széchényi Library (Hungarian: Országos Széchényi Könyvtár) (OSZK) is a library in Budapest, Hungary. It is one of the two Hungarian national libraries, the other being the University of Debrecen Library.

History[edit]

The library was founded in 1802 by the highly patriotic Hungarian aristocrat Count Ferenc Széchényi. Széchényi traveled the world buying Hungarian books, which he assembled and donated to the nation. In the following year the public library was opened in Pest. Széchényi's example resulted in a nationwide movement of book donations to the library.[1]

In 1808, the Hungarian National Assembly ("Diet") created the Hungarian National Museum to collect the historical, archaeological and natural relics of Hungary. The Museum was merged into the Library and for the last 200 years this is how it has existed, a national depository for written, printed and objective relics of the Hungarian past.[1]

In 1846, the Hungarian National Museum moved into its new building but it was not until 1949 that the Library became a separate entity again, with its current name. In 1985, the library moved to its new home at the Buda Castle Palace. The NSZL works on its catalogue's semantic availability.[2]

Directors[edit]

Collections[edit]

  • Hungarian publishing houses printed copies for every printed material:
    • publications and prints of any kind produced in Hungary
    • works published abroad in the Hungarian language or written by Hungarian authors.
    • non-book materials (sound recordings, video materials, electronic documents, etc.);
  • 8 million items comprising :
    • 2.5 million books
    • 385,000 volumes of serial publications (newspapers and periodicals)
    • 270,000 written and audio music documents
    • 1 million manuscripts
    • 200,000 maps, including the Tabula Hungariae, which was inscribed on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register in 2007[3]
    • 320,000 pictures and engravings
    • 3 million posters and small prints.
    • microfilm copies of more than 272,000 documents.
  • Collection of Early Books

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of the Library". National Széchényi Library. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "Semantic web - NektarWiki". 
  3. ^ "Tabula Hungariae". UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°29′42″N 19°2′21″E / 47.49500°N 19.03917°E / 47.49500; 19.03917