National Library of Malta

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Bibliothecae Melitensis
(National Library of Malta)
National Library of Malta.jpg
National Library of Malta white stone eighteenth-century building with a pillared portico
Country Malta
Type National Library
Established 1776 (239 years ago) (1776)
Location 36 Old Treasury Street, Valletta, Malta
Coordinates 35°53′54″N 14°30′49″E / 35.8983°N 14.5135°E / 35.8983; 14.5135Coordinates: 35°53′54″N 14°30′49″E / 35.8983°N 14.5135°E / 35.8983; 14.5135
Items collected reference library
Legal deposit Yes
Website Official website

The National Library of Malta, often known as the Bibliotheca, is a reference library in Republic Square, Valletta, Malta.


The National Library of Malta was originally founded in 1766, during the magistracy of Emmanuel de Rohan. It was originally known as the Bibliotheca Tanseana in honour of Louis Guérin de Tencin, whose collections formed the nucleus of the library.

The present library building was completed in 1796 to a design by the Polish Italian architect Stefano Ittar. Due to the French occupation of Malta, the library did not open until Malta became a British protectorate, and it was officially inaugurated by Civil Commissioner Sir Hildebrand Oakes in 1812.[1] It is listed on the National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands.[2]

It became a legal deposit library in 1925, and from 1936 was known as the Royal Malta Library. The name was changed to National Library of Malta (Bibljoteka Nazzjonali ta' Malta) in 1976.[3]

Interior of the library


  1. ^ Vella, Charlene (24 June 2012). "An icon of learning and historical importance". Times of Malta. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Bibliotheca" (PDF). National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. 28 December 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "History". Malta Libraries. Ministry of Education. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014.