National Living Treasures Award (Philippines)
|National Living Treasure Award|
Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan
|Awarded by Philippines|
|Awarded for||See Award|
|Sovereign||President of the Philippines|
|Next (higher)||Order of Gabriela Silang|
|Next (lower)||Gawad Mabini|
|Equivalent||Order of National Artists, Order of National Scientists, Order of National Social Scientists, Order of Lakandula - Special Class of Champion for Life|
Ribbon bar of the order
The National Living Treasures Award, alternatively known as the Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan (GAMABA; lit. Award for the Creators of the Country) is conferred to a person or group of artists recognized by the Government of the Philippines for their contributions to the country's intangible cultural heritage. A recipient of the award, known as a National Living Treasures or Manlilikha ng Bayan is defined as "a Filipino citizen or group of Filipino citizens engaged in any traditional art uniquely Filipino, whose distinctive skills have reached such a high level of technical and artistic excellence and have been passed on to and widely practiced by the present generations in their community with the same degree of technical and artistic competence."
The National Living Treasures Award (Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan) was institutionalized in 1992 through Republic Act No. 7355. The National Commission for Culture and the Arts, which is the highest policy-making and coordinating body of the Philippines for culture and the arts, was tasked with the implementation. This is in line with UNESCO's criteria of Living National Treasures.
To become a National Living Treasure, the candidate must possess the following qualifications:
- is an inhabitant of an indigenous/traditional cultural community anywhere in the Philippines that has preserved indigenous customs, beliefs, rituals and traditions and/or has syncretized whatever external elements that have influenced it.
- must have engaged in a folk art tradition that has been in existence and documented for at least 50 years.
- must have consistently performed or produced over a significant period, works of superior and distinctive quality.
- must possess a mastery of tools and materials needed by the art, and must have an established reputation in the art as master and maker of works of extraordinary technical quality.
- must have passed on and/or will pass on to other members of the community their skills in the folk art for which the community is traditionally known.
A traditional artist who possesses all the qualities of a Manlilikha ng Bayan candidate, but due to age or infirmity has left them incapable of teaching further their craft, may still be recognized if:
- had created a significant body of works and/or has consistently displayed excellence in the practice of their art, thus achieving important contributions for its development.
- has been instrumental in the revitalization of their community's artistic tradition.
- has passed on to the other members of the community skills in the folk art for which the community is traditionally known.
- community has recognized them as master and teacher of their craft.
The categories are, but not limited to, the following categories of traditional folk arts:
- maritime transport
- performing arts
- graphic and plastic arts
- textile or fiber art
Other artistic expressions of traditional culture may be added.
As defined by UNESCO, the bearers of intangible cultural heritage are to be known internationally as Living Human Treasures. The Filipino counterparts of this title are the Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan (GAMABA) awardees. There are currently sixteen declared GAMABA awardees, all of which have exemplified the highest standard in their respective field of expertise. The award is only given to individuals or groups that have exhibited the highest possible standard in intangible cultural heritage. A master of the heritage does not automatically qualify an individual or group for the award as the craft of the master should exude a higher meaning to the highest standard set by the highly critical council of the GAMABA board. Due to this lengthy and critical process, only sixteen of the thousands of traditional masters have been conferred with the award.
- Ginaw Bilog (d. 2003), artist and poet, Mansalay, Oriental Mindoro Poetry (Ambahan), 1993
- Masino Intaray (d. 2013), musician and epic chanter, Brooke's Point, Palawan, Poetry (Kulilal and Bagit)Music (Basal / Gong), 1993
- Samaon Sulaiman (d. 2011), musician, Mamasapano, Maguindanao Music (Kutyapi), 1993
- Lang Dulay, (d. 2015) textile weaver, Lake Sebu, South Cotabato, Weaving (T’nalak), 1998
- Salinta Monon (d. 2009), weaver, Bansalan, Davao del Sur, Weaving (Abaca – ikat / Inabal), 1998
- Alonzo Saclag, musician and dancer, Lubuagan, Kalinga, Music and Dance (Kalinga), 2000
- Frederico Caballero, epic chanter, Sulod- Bukidnon, Iloilo, Poetry and Epic Chant (Sugidanon), 2000
- Uwang Ahadas, musician, Lamitan, Basilan, Music (Yakan specifically Kulintang, kwitangan kayu, gabbang, agung, and tuntungan), 2000
- Darhata Sawabi, (d. 2005), weaver, Parang, Sulu, Weaving (Pis Syabit), 2004
- Eduardo Mutuc, metalsmith / metal sculptor, Apalit, Pampanga, Metalwork (Bronze and Silver), 2004
- Haja Amina Appi (d. 2013), weaver, Tandubas, Tawi-Tawi, Weaving (Mat), 2004
- Teofilo Garcia, casque maker, San Quintin, Abra, Casque Making (Tabungaw), 2012
- Magdalena Gamayo, master weaver, Pinili, Ilocos Norte, Weaving (Inabel), 2012
- Ambalang Ausalin, master weaver, Lamitan, Basilan, Weaving (Yakan tennun), 2016
- Estelita Tumandan Bantilan, master weaver, Malapatan, Sarangani, Weaving (B'laan igem), 2016
- Yabing Masalon Dulo, master weaver, Polomolok, South Cotabato, Weaving (Ikat), 2016
- National Artist of the Philippines
- Art in the Philippines
- Tourism in the Philippines
- Living Human Treasure
- Executive Order No. 236, s. 2003 Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Briefer: Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 28 August 2016.