List of National Memorials of the United States

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National memorial is a designation in the United States for a protected area that memorializes a historic person or event.[1] The memorial need not be located on a site directly related to the subject[1] and many, such as the Lincoln Memorial, do not have the word "national" in their titles.

There are 30 national memorials owned and administered by the National Park Service as official units. Five more are administered by other organizations but receive assistance from and are considered affiliated areas of the NPS. The earliest and perhaps most recognizable is the uniquely designated Washington Monument, which was completed in 1884 and transferred to the NPS in 1933. The most recent is the World War I Memorial, designated in 2014. National memorials are in 14 states and the District of Columbia. Washington, D.C., has the most, 11, followed by Pennsylvania and New York, each with three. The affiliated areas are in a further three states and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Nine national memorials commemorate U.S. presidents, six commemorate other historic figures, and five commemorate wars. As with all historic areas within the National Park System, national memorials are automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places; however, some memorials that are affiliated areas are not listed on the Register.

Occasionally, a private organization will erect a memorial and use the word "national" in the name without Congressional authorization. One example is the George Washington Masonic National Memorial.

National memorials[edit]

Name Photo Location Date Formed[2][3] Area [4] Description
Arkansas Post ARKANSAS POST NATIONAL MEMORIAL.jpg Arkansas July 6, 1960 757.51 acres (3.0655 km2) [5]
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial Arlington House front view.JPG Virginia 1955 28.08 acres (0.1136 km2) [6]
Chamizal Chamizal visitor center.JPG Texas June 30, 1966 54.90 acres (0.2222 km2) [7]
Coronado Coronado-natl-memorial.jpg Arizona July 9, 1952 4,830.22 acres (19.5472 km2) [8]
De Soto Bradenton FL DeSoto Natl Mem01.jpg Florida March 11, 1948 30 acres (0.12 km2) [9]
Federal Hall Federal Hall front.jpg New York August 11, 1955 0.45 acres (0.0018 km2) [10]
Flight 93 United93CrashSite May06.jpg Pennsylvania September 10, 2011 2,319.96 acres (9.3885 km2) [11]
Fort Caroline Fort Caroline moat FOCA1566.jpg Florida 1953 138.39 acres (0.5600 km2) [12]
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Franklin Roosevelt Memorial waterfall.jpg District of Columbia May 2, 1997 8.14 acres (0.0329 km2) [13]
General Grant Grant's Tomb MAM 2010 (2).JPG New York April 27, 1897 .76 acres (0.0031 km2) [14]
Hamilton Grange Hamilton Grange late 2010 morn jeh.jpg New York April 27, 1962 1.04 acres (0.0042 km2) [15]
Jefferson National Expansion St Louis Gateway Arch.jpg Missouri December 21, 1935 192.83 acres (0.7804 km2) [16]
Johnstown Flood Johnstown Main Street 1889 flood.jpg Pennsylvania August 31, 1964 177.76 acres (0.7194 km2) [17]
Korean War Veterans Memorial Aerial view of Korean War Veterans Memorial.jpg District of Columbia July 27, 1995 1.56 acres (0.0063 km2) [18]
Lincoln Boyhood Lincoln-Boyhood-NMem-memorial.jpg Indiana 1960 199.65 acres (0.8080 km2) [19]
Lincoln Memorial Aerial view of Lincoln Memorial - east side EDIT.jpeg District of Columbia May 30, 1922 7.29 acres (0.0295 km2) [20]
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac LBJ Memorial Grove Monolith.JPG District of Columbia September 27, 1974 17 acres (0.069 km2) [21]
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial District of Columbia August 22, 2011 2.74 acres (0.0111 km2) [22]
Mount Rushmore Dean Franklin - 06.04.03 Mount Rushmore Monument (by-sa)-3 new.jpg South Dakota October 1941 1,278.45 acres (5.1737 km2) [23]
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial .JPG Ohio July 31, 1931 25.38 acres (0.1027 km2) [24]
Port Chicago Naval Magazine Port-Chicago-memorial.jpg California 1994 5.00 acres (0.0202 km2) [25]
Roger Williams Roger-williams-national-memorial-1.jpg Rhode Island October 22, 1965 4.56 acres (0.0185 km2) [26]
Thaddeus Kosciuszko WTP C18 AMP 1.jpg Pennsylvania October 21, 1972 .02 acres (8.1×10−5 km2) [27]
Theodore Roosevelt Island Theodore Roosevelt Statue by Paul Manship.jpg District of Columbia October 27, 1967 88.5 acres (0.358 km2) [28]
Thomas Jefferson Memorial Jefferson Memorial Factbook.jpg District of Columbia April 13, 1943 18.36 acres (0.0743 km2) [29]
Vietnam Veterans Memorial Vietnam memorial 02.JPG District of Columbia November 13, 1982 2.18 acres (0.0088 km2) [30]
Washington Monument WashMonument WhiteHouse.jpg District of Columbia February 21, 1885 106.01 acres (0.4290 km2) [31]
World War I Memorial Pershing Park Washington DC.JPG District of Columbia December 19, 2014 1.76 acres (0.0071 km2) [32]
World War II Memorial Aerial view of National World War II Memorial.jpg District of Columbia May 29, 2004 8.25 acres (0.0334 km2) [33]
Wright Brothers WBNM03.JPG North Carolina March 2, 1927 428.44 acres (1.7338 km2) [34]

Affiliated areas[edit]

Name Photo Location Date Formed[2][35] Area[2] Description
American Memorial Park American Memorial Park2.JPG Northern Mariana Islands [36]
Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin National Memorial.jpg Pennsylvania October 25, 1972 >0.00 acre [37]
Father Marquette Father Marquette National Memorial Building Aug 2011.jpg Michigan [38]
Oklahoma City Oklahoma City National Memorial viewed from the south showing the memorial chairs, Gate of Time, Reflecting Pool, and Survivor Tree.jpg Oklahoma [39]
Red Hill Patrick Henry Red Hill Charlotte County Virginia 1907.jpg Virginia [40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Designation of National Park System Units, National Park Service, last updated March 28, 2000
  2. ^ a b c The National Parks: Index 2005–2007 (PDF). Washington, D.C.: National Park Service. ISBN 978-0-912627-75-5. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "National Park System Areas Listed in Chronological Order of Date Authorized under DOI" (PDF). National Park Service. 27 June 2005. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "National Reports". National Park Service. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Arkansas Post National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  6. ^ "Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Chamizal National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Coronado National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "De Soto National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  10. ^ "Federal Hall National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "Flight 93 National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  12. ^ "Fort Caroline National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  13. ^ "Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  14. ^ "General Grant National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  15. ^ "Hamilton Grange National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "Jefferson National Expansion Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  17. ^ "Johnstown Flood National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  18. ^ "Korean War Veterans Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  20. ^ "Lincoln Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  21. ^ "Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  22. ^ "Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  23. ^ "Mount Rushmore National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  24. ^ "Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  25. ^ "Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  26. ^ "Roger Williams National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  27. ^ "Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  28. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  29. ^ "Thomas Jefferson Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  30. ^ "Vietnam Veterans Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  31. ^ "Washington Monument". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  32. ^ "Defense Authorization Act Expands National Park System". National Park Service. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  33. ^ "World War II Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  34. ^ "Wright Brothers National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  35. ^ "National Park System Areas Listed in Chronological Order of Date Authorized under DOI" (PDF). National Park Service. 27 June 2005. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
  36. ^ "American Memorial Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  37. ^ "Benjamin Franklin National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  38. ^ "Father Marquette National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  39. ^ "Oklahoma City National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  40. ^ "Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial". National Park Service.