National Mission for clean Ganga
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The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementation wing of National Ganga Council which was set up in October 2016 under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities order 2016. The order dissolved National Ganga River Basin Authority. The aim is to clean the Ganga and its tributaries in a comprehensive manner. Nitin Gadkari is the present Minister for Ministry for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
Namami Gange Programme, an integrated conservation mission, was approved as the flagship programme by the government in June 2016 with a budget outlay of ₹20,000 crore to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation, and rejuvenation of the Ganga. Under the project, 8 states are covered. Dept of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation proposes to make 1,674 gram panchayats by the Ganga open defecation-free by 2022, at a cost of Rs 1,700 cr (central share).An estimated Rs 2,958 Crores (US$460 million) have been spent till July 2016 in various efforts in cleaning up of the river.
Main pillars of Namami Gange Programme
- Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
- River-Front Development
- River-Surface Cleaning
- Public Awareness
- Industrial Effluent Monitoring
- Ganga Gram
Its implementation has been divided into Entry-Level Activities (for immediate visible impact), Medium-Term Activities (to be implemented within 5 years of time frame) and Long-Term Activities (to be implemented within 10 years).
Clean Ganga Fund
The Union Cabinet gave its approval for setting up of Clean Ganga Fund in September 2014 with the aim of using the collection for various activities under the Namami Gange programme for cleaning the Ganga.
Utilisation of funds
* Cleaning up of the Ganga
* Setting up of waste treatment plants
* Conservation of biotic diversity of the river
* Development of public amenities
* Activities such as Ghat redevelopment and Research and Development and innovative projects.
Earlier effort to clean Ganga River
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi launched Phase I in 1985, covering 25 Ganga towns in three states; Rs 862.59 crore were spent.
Phase II covered 59 towns in five states; Rs 505.31 cr were spent. Rivers such as Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar, Mahananda had separate action plans.
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- PTI. "Clean Ganga Fund: Rs. 66 crore and counting". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- "Namami Gange Programme". nmcg.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- PTI. "Govt to extend Ganga action plan to major rivers". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-05-01.