National Multicultural Festival
|National Multicultural Festival|
|Attendance||260,000 (2013 estimated)|
The first National Multicultural Festival was held in 1981 as a one-day event on Australia Day hosted by the ACT Ethnic Communities Council. Over 30 years on, the festival has become one of the most successful multicultural festivals in Australia. The festival is held in the Canberra summer, and weather is often hot and dry.
The Festival is supported by the ACT Government and is administered by the Office of Multicultural Affairs and Community Development, a division of the ACT Government Community Services Directorate.
In 1981, the ACT Ethnic Communities Council held the first Multicultural Festival, a one-day event in Civic to celebrate Australia Day. By 1988, the festival had grown to host about 40 international food stalls, music and dancing. That year it was held in the Civic end of Ainslie Avenue, and along London Circuit in front of Civic Square, and also included a parade led by Chinese lion dancers.
In 1997, the newly established ACT Office of Multicultural Affairs staged the first week-long Festival as a means of celebrating Canberra and Australia's cultural diversity. In 2010, the Festival became a three-day event and remains that duration.
In 2012, the festival hosted a record 350 stalls. The 2012 festival was also the first to allow cultural kava use, as a trial. The ACT Government announced in 2013 that the kava trial had been a success and there would be a permanent lifting of the ban on the drink at the National Multicultural Festival.
The Out In Canberra People's Choice Awards in 2013 named the National Multicultural Festival Favourite Attraction and Event.
The festival has grown over time to become one of the most successful multicultural festivals in Australia. The 2014 event reportedly injected $5 million into the ACT economy and contributed to an additional 10,000 overnight stays in Canberra by interstate and international visitors.
Between 2004 and 2009, the Fringe Festival was a free event forming part of the Multicultural Festival. In 2009, then Minister for Multicultural Affairs John Hargreaves announced that the Multicultural Festival would be reduced to a three-day event and the Fringe Festival moved to become a part of the National Folk Festival.
The 2013 National Multicultural Festival was the first to take place in conjunction with a fringe festival since 2009. The 2013 Fringe ran for just one night; its budget was allocated from ACT Government arts funding on a competitive basis.
In 2014 the Fringe Festival continued; that year, the Fringe Festival was directed by Jorian Gardner, who the ACT Arts and Multicultural Affairs Minister Joy Burch selected for the position without a competitive selection process. Jorian Gardner hosted, among other performances, a Hitler-themed burlesque strip-tease featuring a female dancer dressed as Hitler with gold wings performing to the song Gangnam Style. The performance attracted significant controversy, with ACT Opposition Leader Jeremy Hanson calling for Arts and Multicultural Minister Joy Burch to resign or be sacked for hiring the man who oversaw the performance, and opposition multicultural affairs spokesperson Giulia Jones labeling the performance offensive and racist.
- Canberra Multicultural Community Forum Incorporated 2013, p. 2.
- "An eclectic mix: National Multicultural Festival 2014". Australian Broadcasting Commission. 30 January 2014. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
- Official souvenir programme : Canberra '81 / Australian International Multicultural Dance Festival, Canberra, ACT, 1981
- Rebikoff, Vic (28 January 1982). "Multicultural festival". The Canberra Times. p. 15.
- "Multicultural festival last of kind". The Canberra Times. 13 January 1987. p. 6.
- "Multicultural festivities". The Canberra Times. 21 January 1988. p. 8.
- "Civic the venue for multicultural festival". The Canberra Times. 23 January 1988. p. 3.
- "Festival shake-up angers fringe folk". 20 August 2009. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
- McLintock, Penny (10 February 2012). "Multicultural festival kicks off in Canberra". Australian Broadcasting Commission. Archived from the original on 4 April 2013.
- "Govt relaxes ban on kava at festival", The Canberra Times (Fairfax Media), 9 February 2012, archived from the original on 2 May 2012
- Knaus, Christopher (6 February 2013). "Kava to be allowed at all multicultural festivals". The Canberra Times (Fairfax Media). Archived from the original on 13 March 2013.
- Burch, Joy (10 December 2013). "National Multicultural Festival—the People's Favourite!" (Press release). Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
- Health Protection Service (November 2013), Avoiding Heat-Related Stress—Information for Events (PDF), ACT Government, archived (PDF) from the original on 29 January 2014
- Westcott, Ben (7 February 2014). "Multicultural Festival the hottest event in town, literally". The Canberra Times (Fairfax Media). Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
- Canberra Liberals (25 September 2008), Celebrating Multicultural Diversity (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 18 February 2011
- Burch, Joy (19 June 2014). "Multicultural Festival injects $5 million into ACT economy" (Press release). Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
- Pryor, Sally (28 June 2013). "Fringe Festival rides again, with old hand Jorian holding the reins". The Canberra Times (Fairfax Media). Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
- Burch, Joy (11 September 2013). "Fringe benefits return to Multicultural Festival in 2013" (Press release). Archived from the original on 13 May 2013.
- Legislative Assembly for the ACT 28 November 2012 (PDF), November 2012, archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2014
- Hannaford, Scott (9 February 2014). "Nazi strip show outrage". The Canberra Times (Fairfax Media). Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
- Westcott, Ben (10 February 2014). "Adolf Hitler cabaret act defended by Fringe Festival creative director Jorian Gardner". The Canberra Times (Fairfax Media). Archived from the original on 16 April 2014.
- Cox, Lisa; McIlroy, Tom (11 February 2014), "Joy Burch should be sacked over Nazi skit, says Jeremy Hanson", The Canberra Times (Fairfax Media), archived from the original on 9 August 2014
References and further reading
- Canberra Multicultural Community Forum Incorporated (July 2013), Community Consultation – Opportunities for future National Multicultural Festivals (PDF), Canberra Multicultural Community Forum Incorporated, archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2014
- Department of Disability, Housing and Community Services (2010), Evaluation of the 2010 National Multicultural Festival (PDF), ACT Government, archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2014
- "Thousands at multicultural festival". The Canberra Times. 30 January 1983. p. 3.