National Museum, Gdańsk
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The National Museum in Gdańsk (Polish: Muzeum Narodowe w Gdańsku), established in 1972 in Gdańsk (although the history goes back the third quarter of 19th century), is one of the main branches of Poland's national museum system.
Its main location is in the old late-Gothic Franciscan monastery, which has been used to house exhibits since the end of the 19th century. During that period it was known as Stadtmuseum, which held a sizeable collection of historical works of art. In 1884, the collection was enlarged with exhibits from another Gdańsk-based museum - Kunstgewerbemuseum when the two institutions merged.
After the end of the Second World War, 65% of the main building of the museum was destroyed and much of the museum's collections were lost, including all the numismatic exhibits as well as works of art from the Far East. Also the library and some of the museum's records were lost or destroyed. The first post-war exhibition was opened in 1948 and the museum changed its name to "Pomeranian Museum in Gdańsk". In 1956, Hans Memling's masterpiece Last Judgment returned to Gdańsk as well as part of the collections of paintings and prints. Originally the museum was located in the Opatów Palace in Oliwa and constituted the ethnographic department of the museum. Since 1989, the palace houses the museum's collection of modern art.
A number of other museums were established from the rich collections of the Pomeranian Museum, which include: National Maritime Museum (1960), the Archeological Museum (1962) and the Gdańsk Historical Museum (1971). In 1972, it was re-named as the National Museum in Gdańsk.
Currently the museum has seven departments:
- Department of Ancient Art - contains Hans Memling's Last Judgment
- Department of Modern Art - in the Opatów Palace in Oliwa
- Ethnography Department - in the Spichlerz Opacki ("Abbot's Granary")
- "Green Gate" Department
- Gdańsk Photography Gallery
- Museum of the National Anthem in Będomin
- Museum of Szlachta Traditions in Waplewo Wielkie
Bowl with Flowers, Jan Brueghel the Younger, (ca.1630)
Portrait of a Woman, Anthony van Dyck, (ca. 1630)
Study of a Child, Jacob Jordaens, (1626)
A Musician and a Singer, David Teniers the Younger, (ca.1650)
Caritas, Frans Floris
Ships at Sea, Jan Peeters I, (ca.1650)
Charon's Boat, Isaac Claesz. van Swanenburg, (ca.1625)
Woman Plucking a Duck, Pieter de Hooch, (between 1665 and 1668)
Fisherman with Nets, Leon Wyczółkowski, (ca.1890)
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