National Museum of Crime & Punishment
|Established||May 23, 2008|
|Dissolved||September 30, 2015|
|Location||575 7th Street NW Washington, DC|
The National Museum of Crime and Punishment, also known as the Crime Museum, was a privately owned museum dedicated to the history of criminology and penology in the United States. It was located in the Penn Quarter neighborhood of Washington, D.C., half a block south of the Gallery Place station. The museum closed in 2015 and is now operated as Alcatraz East, a museum in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee.
The museum was built by Orlando businessman John Morgan, in partnership with John Walsh, host of America's Most Wanted, at a cost of $21 million, and opened in May 2008. Unlike most museums in Washington, DC, the Crime Museum was a for-profit enterprise. It was forced to close in September 2015 by its building's owners after it failed to meet sales targets specified in its lease.
More than 700 artifacts in 28,000 square feet (2,600 m2) of exhibition space related the history of crime, and its consequences, in America and American popular culture. The museum featured exhibits on colonial crime, pirates, Wild West outlaws, gangsters, the Mob, mass murderers, and white collar criminals. Twenty-eight interactive stations included the high-speed police chase simulators used in the training of law enforcement officers, and a Firearms Training Simulator (F.A.T.S.) similar to that utilized by the FBI.
The main floor was devoted to a staged crime scene investigation of a simulated murder. Visitors to the museum were guided through the process of solving the crime through forensic science techniques, including ballistics, blood analysis, finger printing and foot printing, and dental and facial reconstruction.
The museum included a mock police station with a booking room, celebrity mug shots, police line-up, lie detector test, prisoners' art and jail-made weapons and escape tools, and a re-creation of the jail cell of Al Capone at the Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia. A capital punishment room offered a re-creation of a guillotine and gas chamber, along with an authentic lethal injection machine from the state prison in Smyrna, Delaware, and an electric chair from the Tennessee State Prison in Nashville which was used for 125 executions.
The crime-fighting gallery drew attention to such notables as founding FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, and the legendary law enforcement agent Eliot Ness. It also included the uniforms, firearms, and restraining equipment of law enforcement officers, as well as exhibits on bomb squad and night vision technologies.
America's Most Wanted studio
At one time the museum served as the television studio for America's Most Wanted, a long-running (1988–2013) television series that dramatized unsolved crimes. The television program led to the capture of more than 1,000 fugitives (16 from the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives) due to the crime tips reported by the public when criminals were profiled. When the series switched to on-location shooting, the studio was converted into an interactive exhibit where visitors could solve a hypothetical crime. Surrounding the studio were exhibits on the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and McGruff the Crime Dog, as well as a Cross Match Technologies station for child finger printing.
CSI Lab: Enter a crime scene and interact to solve the case in a real crime scene lab
FBI Agent Training: Practice your aim in a simulated FBI shooting range
High Speed Police Simulator: Drive in a police academy training pursuit
Authentic Artifacts: Auxiliary, electric chair, gas chamber, prison art, and jail cells
Notorious Criminals: Legendary pirates, the mob, Wild West outlaws, and serial killers
Digital Fingerprinting for Children With Printout ID Cards
America's Most Wanted Stage Set and John Walsh Interactive
John Walsh filming a segment for America's Most Wanted
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- Arroyo, Leah. "Sex, Drugs and Pirates: The rise of the for-profit museum". American Association of Museums. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
- Stein, P. (August 31, 2015). Crime museum is closing at the end of September. Washington Post archive, retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Trescott, Jacqueline (May 23, 2008). "Some People Would Die To Wind Up at This Museum". Washington Post.
- Hemmerdinger, Jonathan (June 5, 2008). "Where crime is considered history". The National. Archived from the original on 2008-10-06. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- Wire, Sarah D. (July 13, 2008). "Law enforcement takes spotlight at D.C. museum". Los Angeles Times.[dead link]
- McKay, Gretchen (July 6, 2008). "Crime, punishment court travelers to D.C. museum". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- Dietsch, Deborah K. (May 23, 2008). "Crime pays at new museum". Washington Post.
- Keveney, Bill (May 19, 2008). "'America's Most Wanted' hits a milestone". USA Today.
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