National oppression is the mistreatment of people depending on what their nationality is. When analyzing national oppression, the difference between a country and a nation must be set apart. A country is a territory of a nation is defined by geographical boundaries. A nation is defined by social relationships - people who share common customs, origins, history, economic relationships and frequently language.
There are also some situations in which many nations exist in one country. An example in today’s world is the United States. There are many nationalities living under one rule. Racism is the biggest example of oppression of a certain “nation” in one country, the United States in this example. The black population has become a nation within the United States, but this is often hidden because of racism. Racism against African Americans is an expression of national oppression.
Africans Americans who were brought to the United States as slaves each had a distinct culture (came from many different nationalities). A new African American nation was formed within the United States because of their common experiences and oppression of slaves. In regards to the dominantly white society, the African American nation is an oppressed nation in the United States.
Tyner, Jarvis. “The National Question.” 2003.
“Statement on National Oppression, National Liberation and Socialist Revolution.” Fourth Congress of FRSO. 2004.
Coobtee, Muna. “Fundamentals of Marxism: What is National Oppression.” Socialism and Liberation Magazine. Oct. 2005.