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National Pantheon of Venezuela

Coordinates: 10°30′46″N 66°54′45″W / 10.5129°N 66.9126°W / 10.5129; -66.9126
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National Pantheon of Venezuela
Established27 March 1874
Coordinates10°30′46″N 66°54′45″W / 10.5129°N 66.9126°W / 10.5129; -66.9126
Owned byVenezuelan government

The National Pantheon of Venezuela (Panteón Nacional de Venezuela) is a final resting place for national heroes. The Pantheon (Latin Pantheon,[1] from Greek Pantheon, meaning "Temple of all the Gods") was created in the 1870s on the site of the ruined Santísima Trinidad church from 1744 on the northern edge of the old town of Caracas, Venezuela.

The entire central nave is dedicated to Simón Bolívar, with the altar's place taken by the hero's bronze sarcophagus, while lesser luminaries are relegated to the aisles. The national pantheon's vault is covered with 1930s paintings depicting scenes from Bolívar's life, and the huge crystal chandelier glittering overhead was installed in 1883 on the centennial of his birth. The Pantheon was reopened in 2013 after a 3 year long process of expansion and restoration.


List of people who are buried at the Pantheon[edit]

The following personalities in the preceding list are not buried in the Pantheon because their remains have not been found, but it has been decreed by the Venezuelan authorities they should be:[4]

The following person is not buried in the Pantheon but an empty tomb is kept there, next to Simon Bolivar's in the hopes that his remains will return to his homeland:


Bolívar´s Apotheosis by Tito Salas
Entrance of the National Pantheon

Central Nave

  • Monument to Simón Bolívar by Pietro Tenerani.

Right Nave

  • Monument to the First Republic by Hugo Daini.
  • Monument to José Gregorio Monagas by Julio Roversi.
  • Monumento to the Federation by Juan Bautista Sales Ferré.

Left Nave

  • Monument to José Antonio Páez by José Pizzo.
  • Monument to Rafael Urdaneta by Pietro Ceccarelli.
  • Monument to José María Vargas by Franco Bianchinni.
  • Monument to Santiago Mariño by Manuel de la Fuente.


  • Cenotaph in honor of Francisco de Miranda by Julio Roversi.
  • Cenotaph in honor of Antonio José de Sucre by Juan Bautista Sales Ferré.
  • Cenotaph in honor of Andrés Bello by Manuel de la Fuente.

Works of Tito Salas[edit]

  • Alegoría de la libertad de los esclavos.
  • Apoteosis del Libertador. (1942)
  • Bolívar en el Chimborazo.
  • Bolívar y Humboldt en París.
  • El ascenso al Cerro de Potosí el 26 de octubre de 1825.
  • El tiempo graba el nombre de Bolívar para la posteridad.
  • Entrada triunfal de Bolívar a Caracas después de la Batalla de Carabobo en 1821. (1935)
  • Coat of arms of the City of Caracas (1942)
  • Escudo de la familia Bolívar. (1942)
  • Coat of arms of Venezuela (1942)
  • Foundation of Caracas. (1939)
  • Inspiración del istmo de Panamá.
  • Bolivar's pledge of independence on Sacro Hill.
  • La noche de Casacoima.
  • La Santísima Trinidad. (1933)
  • 1842 Transfer of the remains of the Liberator from La Guaira to Caracas. (1934)
  • Unión, Unión.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rarely Pantheum. This rare usage appears in Pliny's Natural History (XXXVI.38) in describing this edifice: Agrippae Pantheum decoravit Diogenes Atheniensis; in columnis templi eius Caryatides probantur inter pauca operum, sicut in fastigio posita signa, sed propter altitudinem loci minus celebrata.
  2. ^ "Trasladan al Panteón Nacional restos de la Negra Hipólita, Matea y Apacuana". Runrunes (in Spanish). 8 March 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Restos de Hipólita y Matea serán trasladados al Panteón Nacional". El Estímulo (in Spanish). Caracas. 1 March 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  4. ^ Panteón Nacional, Miriam Morillo, http://www.simon-bolivar.org/bolivar/panteon_nacional.html


  • BLANCO, EDUARDO and MANUEL LANDAETA ROSALES. 1975: “Centenario del Panteón Nacional ”. Editions of the Presidency of Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • CASTILLO LARA, LUCAS GUILLERMO. 1980: “El Panteón Nacional ”. Centauro. Caracas –Venezuela.
  • DÍAZ SÁNCHEZ, RAMÓN. 1964 “El Panteón Nacional: guía para el visitante”. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • LANDAETA ROSALES, MANUEL. 1896: “El Panteón Nacional”. Imprenta Colón, Caracas – Venezuela.
  • SCHAEL GUILLERMO JOSÉ. 1985: “Caracas ciudad que no vuelve”. 4th Edition. Gráficas Armitano C. A. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • STOLK, ÉDGAR. 1980: “Apuntes para la historia del Panteón Nacional”. Ediciones Centauro. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • ZAWISZA, LESZEK. and GONZÁLEZ, JAVIER JOSÉ. 1995: “Panteón Nacional”. Dictionary of History of Venezuela. Polar Foundation. Caracas – Venezuela.