National Parks Act (Canada)
The Canada National Parks Act, An Act respecting the national parks of Canada (the Act) is a Canadian federal law that regulates protection of natural areas of national significance. The Dominion Forest Reserves and Parks Act was passed in 1927, followed by the first National Parks Act in 1930. The current Canada National Parks Act was assented on October 20, 2000 and has been amended since.
The Act enables Parks Canada to designate and maintain national parks and national park reserves. Within these, additional wildland areas may be designated. Natural resources in protected areas are dedicated to the "benefit, education and enjoyment" of the people of Canada. Development in the national parks has to be authorised by Parks Canada, subject to the provisions of this Act.
National parks reserves
National Park Reserves are defined as protected areas that have not yet been brought under federal jurisdiction due to outstanding matters (such as aboriginal rights).
Wilderness areas are lands within national parks, that are found in a natural state or are capable of returning to a natural state. Any activity that may impair the wilderness character of these areas is restricted, with the possible exception of activities regarding public safety, basic visitor facilities and park administration.
New parks are established by the Parliament of Canada either on federally-controlled public lands or where the federal government has management rights in agreement with provincial governments. Long-term management plans have to be developed within five years of parks establishment.
- "Parks Canada History: The National Parks Act, 1930". parkscanadahistory.com.
- Department of Justice Canada — Canada National Parks Act
- National Park Warden Association — Federal Peace Officers responsible for enforcing the Canada National Parks Act
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