National Parks and Wildlife Service (Ireland)
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The National Parks and Wildlife Service (Irish: An tSeirbhís Páirceanna Náisiúnta agus Fiadhúlra) manages the Irish State's nature conservation responsibilities. As well as managing the national parks, the activities of the NPWS include the designation and protection of Natural Heritage Areas, Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Areas.
The Service was established as part of the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government after the abolition of Dúchas – The Heritage Service in 2003.  Dúchas' responsibilities had included the management of Ireland's six national parks and wildlife.
In 2011 built and natural heritage came into the remit of the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht as part of a reorganisation of Irish ministries.
The ministry was renamed the Department of Arts, Heritage, Regional Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs in 2016.
- Frank McDonald, "Days of the Heritage Service are numbered", Irish Times, Feb 14, 2003, retrieved October 2018
- Colin Gleeson, "Government confirms name change of Department of Arts", Irish Times, July 5, 2016, retrieved October 2018