National Party of Honduras
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|National Party of Honduras
Partido Nacional de Honduras
|President||Gladis Aurora López Calderón|
|Founded||27 February 1902|
|Youth wing||Blue Youths (Juventudes Azules)|
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union,
Centrist Democrat International (observer)
|Regional affiliation||Union of Latin American Parties|
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|Politics of Honduras
The National Party (Spanish: Partido Nacional de Honduras) is a right-wing conservative political party in Honduras and the main right-wing political party in the country. Founded in 1902 the PNH is identified with the color blue as its rival the Liberal Party of Honduras (PLH), is red. All the democratic elections in Honduras have been dominated by the competition between the PNH and the PLH. The PNH dominated the country between 1925–1957.
At the legislative elections, 25 November 2001, the party won 46.5% of the popular vote and 61 out of 128 seats in the National Congress of Honduras. Its candidate at the presidential elections, Ricardo Maduro won 52.2% and was elected president.
In the legislative elections of 27 November 2005, the party won 55 out of 128 seats in the Congress. Its candidate at the presidential elections, Porfirio Lobo Sosa won 46.2% and was therefore defeated by Manuel Zelaya.
On 28 June 2009, the country's Supreme Court issued an order to detain President Zelaya, who was subsequently captured by the military. He was then brought to the air force base Hernan Acosta Mejia, and taken into exile in Costa Rica, precipitating the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis.
The reason given for the arrest order were charges brought by the Attorney General, and the order was to enable a statement to be made to the Supreme Court. The decision to expatriate him was, however, taken by the military themselves, knowing full well that it violated the constitution; the military offered the justification that exiling Zelaya was done "to avoid mob violence".
Following the coup, Zelaya spoke to the media from his forced exile in San Jose, and identified the events as a coup and a kidnapping. He stated that soldiers pulled him from his bed and assaulted his guards. Zelaya stated that he would not recognize anyone named as his successor, and that he wanted to finish his term in office. At the 2009 elections the National Party candidate for president, Porfirio Lobo Sosa won the presidency with over 1,212,846 votes and 56.56% of the national total compared with 816,874 votes and 38.1% of the national total for Elvin Santos of the Liberal Party of Honduras, and in the elections to the National Congress of Honduras the National Party won 71 seats ensuring a governmental majority.
- Pearson, Frederic S.; Walker, Scott; Stern, Stephanie (2007), "Military Intervention and the Question of Democratization and Inter-Ethnic Peace", Governance, Conflict Analysis and Conflict Resolution (Ian Randle Publishers): 252
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