2017 National People's Congress election in Hong Kong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2017 National People's Congress election in Hong Kong

← 2012 19 December 2017 (2017-12-19) 2022 →

36 Hong Kong deputies to National People's Congress
  Majority party
  Maria Tam Wai-chu 2020.jpg
Leader Maria Tam
Party Pro-Beijing independent
Seats before 35
Seats won 36
Seat change Increase1

Delegation Convenor before election

Maria Tam

Elected Delegation Convenor

Ma Fung-kwok

The election for the Hong Kong deputies to the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) was held on 19 December 2017.[1][2] 36 Hong Kong deputies were elected by an electoral college composed of 1,989 members.[3]

Electoral method[edit]

Article 21 of the Hong Kong Basic Law stipulates:

Chinese citizens who are residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be entitled to participate in the management of state affairs according to law. In accordance with the assigned number of seats and the selection method specified by the National People's Congress, the Chinese citizens among the residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall locally elect deputies of the Region to the National People's Congress to participate in the work of the highest organ of state power.

A 1,989-strong electoral college composed of the following:

The number of the membership of the electoral college increased 369, from 1,620 to 1,989. All members were eligible to nominate, stand and vote in the election.[3] To see the full list of the membership of the electoral college click here (only Chinese version available).


Six incumbents were expected not to run for re-election, including the member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) Rita Fan Hsu Lai-tai, convenor of the Hong Kong NPC delegations Maria Tam Wai-chu, Sophie Leung Lau Yau-fun of the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA), Miriam Lau Kin-yee of the Liberal Party, scholar Priscilla Lau Puk-king and businessman Peter Wong Man-kong,[4] except for Wong whose name later appear on the nomination. Two members of Chief Executive Carrie Lam's Executive Council Fanny Law Fan Chiu-fun and Laura Cha Shih May-lung also decided to step down.[2] Other incumbents stepping down including former Secretary for Security Ambrose Lee Siu-kwong, Zhang Tiefu and Yeung Yiu-chung of the Hong Kong Federation of Education Workers.

Many second generation politicians and businessmen announced their candidacies, including Rita Fan's son Andrew Fan Chun-wah, Sophie Leung's daughter Nisa Leung Wing-yu, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) member Timothy Fok Tsun-ting's son Kenneth Fok Kai-kong, former president of the Hong Kong Chiu Chow Chamber of Commerce Cheung Sing-hung's son Thomas Cheung Tsun-yung, former CPPCC Standing Committee member Jose Sun-Say Yu's son Jonny Yu Wah-yung, Legislative Council President Andrew Leung Kwan-yuen's son Clarence Leung Wang-ching, Executive Councillor Jeffrey Lam Kin-fung's son Victor Lam Hoi-cheung.[4] However it was rumoured that the central government did not approve of the hereditary tendency of the NPC. The second generation politicians and businessmen eventually did not appear on the nomination list.[5]

In November, a "recommendation list" was reported to direct the electoral college whom to elect in the election. Former president of the Law Society of Hong Kong Ambrose Lam San-keung, anti-Occupy lawyer Maggie Chan Man-ki and lawyer Nicholas Chan Hiu-fung who were included on the list were all from legal sector. Former chairman of the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) Tam Yiu-chung who was expected to succeed Rita Fan to be the NPCSC member and former Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam Chi-yuen were also included on the list. However the names of other second generation politicians and businessmen did not appear on the list.[1]

A total number of the 49 candidacies were validated. Seven pro-Occupy activists of the Gau Wu group, localist activist Yeung Ke-cheong and Civic Party legislator Kwok Ka-ki were banned from the election by the presidium of the electoral college for their public remarks and acts contravening the new declaration form under which candidates must uphold the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the Basic Law of Hong Kong. Kwok refused to sign as he called the new requirement as unacceptable that would restrict people from participating in the election. Roger Wong Hoi-fung of the Election Committee Higher Education Subsector and Henry Lam were the few pro-democracy figures who could entered the election.[6][7]

Election result[edit]

Elected members (36)[edit]

Supplementary members (6)[edit]

  • Nicholas Chan Hiu-fung
  • Ho Hon-kuen
  • Alex Kwan King-fai
  • Louis Pong Wai-yan
  • Wong Kwan-yu
  • Zhan Meiqing

Detailed result[edit]

2017 National People's Congress election in Hong Kong[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernard Charnwut Chan 1,693 96.58
Independent Ian Fok Chun-wan 1,670 95.27
Independent Li Yinquan 1,666 95.04
Independent Wong Ting-chung 1,663 94.87
Independent Ma Fung-kwok 1,663 94.87
Independent Lo Sui-on 1,654 94.35
Independent Wong Yuk-shan 1,652 94.24
Independent Chan Yung 1,651 94.18
Independent David Wong Yau-kar 1,650 94.12
Independent Andrew Yao Cho-fai 1,642 93.67
Independent Ip Kwok-him 1,611 91.90
Independent Ma Ho-fai 1,600 91.27
Independent Vincent Marshall Lee Kwan-ho 1,594 90.93
Independent Martin Liao Cheung-kong 1,584 90.36
Independent Raymond Tam Chi-yuen 1,580 90.13
Independent Cheng Yiu-tong 1,570 89.56
Independent Pauline Ngan Po-ling 1,555 88.71
Independent Herman Hu Shao-ming 1,549 88.36
Independent Tam Yiu-chung 1,548 88.31
Independent Lam Lung-on 1,547 88.25
Independent Cally Kwong Mei-wan 1,546 88.19
Independent Michael Tien Puk-sun 1,543 88.02
Independent Cai Yi 1,543 88.02
Independent Bunny Chan Chung-bun 1,540 87.85
Independent Dennis Lam Shun-chiu 1,520 86.71
Independent Lui Tim-leung 1,519 86.65
Independent Ng Chau-pei 1,492 85.11
Independent Ng Leung-sing 1,477 84.26
Independent Nancy Chu Ip Yuk-yu 1,473 84.03
Independent Henry Tan 1,457 83.11
Independent Maggie Chan Man-ki 1,421 81.06
Independent Tommy Li Ying-sang 1,421 81.06
Independent Thomas Cheung Tsun-yung 1,303 74.33
Independent Choy So-yuk 1,297 73.99
Independent Witman Hung 1,276 72.79
Independent Peter Wong Man-kong 1,275 72.73
Independent Nicholas Chan Hiu-fung 1,186 67.66
Independent Wong Kwan-yu 1,179 67.26
Independent Ho Hon-kuen 983 56.08
Independent Louis Pong Wai-yan 966 55.11
Independent Alex Kwan King-fai 677 38.62
Independent Zhan Meiqing 664 37.88
Independent Cheung Ming-man 522 29.78
Independent Ho Kin-chung 518 29.55
Independent Ambrose Lam San-keung 283 16.14
Independent Lew Mon-hung 257 14.66
Independent Henry Lam 256 14.60
Independent Roger Wong Hoi-fung 155 8.84
Independent Timothy Kwai Ting-kong 112 6.39
Total valid votes 1,753
Turnout 1,796 90.30
Registered electors 1,989

Result by party[edit]

Hong Kong local parties are not counted as national political parties and thus the below elected deputies will not carry their membership in the National People's Congress.[9]

Affiliation Members
DAB (5) Ip Kwok-him
Tam Yiu-chung
Choy So-yuk
Chan Yung (DAB/NTAS)
Wong Ting-chung
FTU (2) Cheng Yiu-tong
Ng Chau-pei
NCF (1) Ma Fung-kwok
Roundtable (1) Michael Tien Puk-sun


  1. ^ a b "港人大推薦名單出爐 林新強陳曼琪上榜梁美芬「落選」". 星島日報. 2017-11-09.
  2. ^ a b "New faces, new expectations, but will Hongkongers in China's legislature deliver on conflicting demands?". South China Morning Post. 24 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b "新屆港區人大代表選舉會議增至1989人". 大公網. 2017-09-02.
  4. ^ a b "港區人大代表換屆選舉 今起接受報名". 香港商報. 2017-07-10.
  5. ^ "選舉提名期今截止 人大換血 中聯辦愛將上位". 蘋果日報. 2017-12-04.
  6. ^ "Legal specialists among almost 60 to join battle for National People's Congress seats". South China Morning Post. 4 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Nine Hong Kong democracy activists banned from contesting seats in China's legislature". South China Morning Post. 13 December 2017.
  8. ^ "陳智思膺人代票王 11新人當選 同樣反佔中 陳曼琪當選陳曉峰落敗". Ming Pao. 2017-12-20. p. A03. Retrieved 2022-02-10.
  9. ^ "【名单】第十三届全国人大代表中的民主党派成员_团结网". www.tuanjiewang.cn. Retrieved 2022-02-10.

External links[edit]