National Police Chiefs' Council
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The National Police Chiefs' Council (NPCC) is a national coordination body for law enforcement in the United Kingdom and the representative body for British police chief officers. Established on 1 April 2015, it replaces the former Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), following the Parker Review of the operations of ACPO commissioned by Police and Crime Commissioners which recommended its replacement.
The NPCC is founded by a legal agreement between chief constables. Police and Crime Commissioners, and non-Home Office police force equivalents under Section 22A of the Police Act 1996. It is hosted by the Metropolitan Police Service but acts independently.[non-primary source needed]
The NPCC was established on 1 April 2015 as the replacement organisation of the Association of Chief Police Officers. In 2010, the Cameron Government announced a series of police reforms including local accountability through Police and Crime Commissioners, the creation of the National Crime Agency and the College of Policing. In 2013, the PCCs commissioned General Sir Nick Parker to review the services that ACPO provided and make recommendations about the requirements of a national policing body following the fundamental changes in policing. In 2014, a group of chief officers and PCCs began working together to implement the Parker Review’s recommendations and develop a national body. Chief officers voted in support of the proposals developed by this group in July 2014. Chief Constable Sara Thornton was appointed to chair the NPCC on December 2 2014. ACPO was closed down on March 31 2015.
- The co-ordination of national operations including defining, monitoring and testing force contributions to the Strategic Policing Requirement working with the National Crime Agency where appropriate;
- The command of counter terrorism operations and delivery of counter terrorist policing through the national network as set out in the Counter Terrorism Collaboration Agreement;
- The co-ordination of the national police response to national emergencies and the co-ordination of the mobilisation of resources across force borders and internationally;
- The national operational implementation of standards and policyas set by the College of Policing and Government;
- To work with the College of Policing, to develop joint national approaches on criminal justice, value for money, service transformation, information management, performance management and technology;
- Where appropriate, to work with the College of Policing in order to develop joint national approaches to staff and human resource issues, including misconduct and discipline, in line with the Chief Officers’ responsibilities as employers.
Structure and membership
Chief Constable Sara Thornton chairs the National Police Chiefs’ Council. Chief Constable Peter Vaughan and Assistant Commissioner Martin Hewitt support her as Vice-chairs in addition to their day jobs as chief officers within forces.
The National Police Chiefs' Council (NPCC) coordinates the operational response across the police forces to national threats such as terrorism, organised crime and national emergencies. The NPCC brings together and is funded by police forces in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as well as the armed services and some British overseas territories.
Chief Constables' Council
The Chief Constables' Council is the senior operational decision-making body for the National Police Chiefs' Council. Every police force is represented in the work of the NPCC through Chief Constables' Council. The NPCC draws on the efforts and expertise of chief officers around the country - those at the rank of Assistant Chief Constable and above, or Commander and above in Metropolitan Police Service and City of London Police, and senior police staff equivalents.
Chief Constables’ Council is the primary decision-making forum for the NPCC. Every three months chief constables (and equivalents) meet to discuss operational policing issues and agree action. Working with the College of Policing, the council takes decisions on national standards and common approaches with the aim of protecting the public from the most serious and strategic threats.
In addition to their day jobs, chief officers support the work of the NPCC by taking responsibility for the crime and policing issues from a national operational perspective.
There are eleven broad coordination committees, each led by a chief constable level officer. Underneath these broad categories, chief officers take the lead on specific issues. For example, under the Crime Operations Coordination Committee there are individual leads for domestic abuse, rape, drugs and cyber-crime. The committees are:
- Crime Operations Coordination Committee
- Criminal Justice Coordination Committee
- Equality, Diversity and Human Rights Coordination Committee
- Finance Coordination Committee
- Information Management Coordination Committee
- International Coordination Committee
- Local Policing
- Operations Coordination Committee
- Performance Management Coordination Committee
- Workforce Coordination Committee
- Counter-Terrorism Coordination Committee chaired by Metropolitan Police Service Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley responsible for the National Counter Terrorism Policing Network
Coordination committees work closely with the College of Policing to assist in the development of professional practice for police officers in different areas of policing. Representatives from the Government and other stakeholders in the criminal justice system and third sector are involved in the committees’ work to ensure that a range of perspectives are considered.
The NPCC operates and/or collaborates with the following police projects:
- ACRO Criminal Records Office (ACRO)
- AVCIS Vehicle Crime Intelligence Service (AVCIS)
- National Ballistics Intelligence Service (NABIS)
- National Domestic Extremism and Disorder Intelligence Unit (NDEDIU)
- National Police Coordination Centre (NPoCC)
- National Police Freedom of Information and Data Protection Unit (NPFDU)
- National Wildlife Crime Unit (NWCU)
- Secured by Design
- UK National Counter Terrorism Policing HQ (NCTP HQ)
- "Acpo overhaul needed, says general's report for PCCs". BBC News. 14 November 2013.
- Nick Parker (2013). "Independent review of ACPO" (PDF). Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Eversheds LLP. "National Police Collaboration Agreement – in relation to the setting up of a Co-ordinating Body known as the National Police Chiefs' Council ("NPCC")" (PDF). National Police Chiefs' Council. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "Business begins at the National Police Chiefs' Council". National Police Chiefs' Council. 1 April 2015.
- "Sara Thornton to lead National Police Chiefs' Council". BBC News. 1 December 2014.
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