National Comics Publications
The corporation was originally two companies: National Allied Publications, Inc. (founded by Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson in autumn 1934 to publish the first American comic book with all-original material rather than comic strip reprints) and Detective Comics, Inc. (formed in 1937 with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, listed as owners).
The two merged on September 30, 1946 to become National Comics Publications, Inc. (renamed National Periodical Publications, Inc. in 1961). In 1945, National Comics Publications purchased All-American Publications, a company with which it shared offices and some business relationships.
- E. Nelson Bridwell (ed.), Batman: From the 30s to the 70s, Crown Publishers, 1972, p. 4.
- Also known sometimes as National Allied Newspaper Syndicate, Inc. (see M. Keith Booker (ed.), Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2014, "Adventure Comics," esp. p. 7).
- Benton, Mike (1989). The Comic Book in America: An Illustrated History. Dallas, Texas: Taylor Publishing. pp. 17–18. ISBN 978-0-87833-659-3.
- Goulart, Ron (1986). Ron Goulart's Great History of Comics Books. Contemporary Press. p. 55. ISBN 0-8092-5045-4.
- Marx, Barry, Cavalieri, Joey and Hill, Thomas (w), Petruccio, Steven (a), Marx, Barry (ed). "Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson DC Founded" Fifty Who Made DC Great: 5 (1985), DC Comics
- The company debuted in 1935 with the tabloid-sized New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a cover date of February 1935; New Fun #1 (Feb. 1935) at the Grand Comics Database. The entry notes that while the logo appears to be simply Fun, the indicia reads, "New FUN is published monthly at 49 West 45th Street, New York, N.Y., by National Allied Publications, Inc.; Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson, President ... Inquiries concerning advertising should be addressed to the Advertising Manager, New FUN,...."
- However, Wheeler-Nicholson remained only for a year before he was forced out and eventually (on September 30, 1946) Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied Publications. "By 1938 Major had faded into history..." (Roy Thomas (ed.), The All-Star Companion: An Historical and Speculative Overview of the Justice Society of America, TwoMorrows Publishing, 2004, p. 13).
- In a 1947–1948 lawsuit field by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster against National, the presiding judge noted in a findings of facts on April 12, 1948:
"DETECTIVE COMICS, INC. was a corporation duly organized and existing under the laws of the State of New York, and was one of the constituent corporations consolidated on September 30, 1946 into defendant NATIONAL COMICS PUBLICATIONS, INC."
- "'Superman Faces New Hurdles: Publishers of Comic Books Showing Decline". The New York Times. September 23, 1962.
- Maggie Thompson, Michael Dean, Brent Frankenhoff, Joyce Greenholdt, John Jackson Miller (editors), Comics Buyer's Guide 1996 Annual, Krause Publications, 1995, p. 81: "Beginning as National Allied Publications in 1935 [sic] and becoming National Allied Newspaper Syndicate the next year, it changed to National Comic [sic] Publications in 1946 and National Periodical Publications in 1961..."
- Charles Wooley, Wooley's History of the Comic Book, 1899-1936: The Origin of the Superhero, Lake Buena Vista, FL, 1986.
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