National Radio and Television Administration

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National Radio and Television Administration
Agency overview
Formed2018; 5 years ago (2018)
Preceding agencies
  • State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television
  • State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television
Agency executive
  • Cao Shumin, Director
Parent departmentCentral Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party
National Radio and Television Administration
Simplified Chinese国家广播电视总局
Traditional Chinese國家廣播電視總局
State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (2013–2018)
Simplified Chinese国家新闻出版广电总局
Traditional Chinese國家新聞出版廣電總局
State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television (1998–2013)
Simplified Chinese国家广播电影电视总局
Traditional Chinese國家廣播電影電視總局

The National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA) is a ministry-level executive agency controlled by the Central Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Its main task is the administration and supervision of state-owned enterprises engaged in the television and radio industries. Its current director is Cao Shumin.[1]

It directly controls state-owned enterprises at the national level such as China Central Television, China National Radio, and China Radio International, as well as other movie and television studios and other non-business organizations.[2]

The administration was formerly known as the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television from 2013 to 2018, and the State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television from 1998 to 2013.[citation needed]


In 1986 the Ministry of Culture Film Bureau and the Ministry of Radio and Television merged to form the Ministry of Radio, Film and Television. On 25 June 1998 the Ministry of Radio, Film and Television reorganized as the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television. In March 2013 the State Council announced plans to merge State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television with the General Administration of Press and Publication to form the State Administration of Press and Publication, Radio, Film, and Television.[3]

In March 2018, the SAPPRFT was abolished and its functions of the movie, press and publication industry regulation were moved from the State Council to the CCP's Central Propaganda Department.[4][5][6][2]

In July 2021, the NRTA entered into an agreement with Russia's Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media to cooperate on news coverage and media narratives.[7]

In June 2022, the NRTA and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China issued a code of conduct for online hosts of live streams and podcasts banning any content that "weakens, distorts, or denies the leadership of the CCP."[8]

Technical details[edit]

In its role of providing the physical infrastructure for broadcasting the NRTA plays a similar role in China as TDF Group plays in France, or Crown Castle plays in the US or Australia. It owns and operates, as well as manages many thousands of MW, FM, TV and Shortwave relay transmitters in China (as well as those leased abroad for external broadcasting).[citation needed]

CMMB deployment[edit]

China Multimedia Mobile Broadcasting (CMMB) is a mobile television and multimedia standard developed and specified in China by the State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT).[9] It is based on the Satellite and Terrestrial Interactive Multiservice Infrastructure (STiMi), developed by TiMiTech, a company formed by the Chinese Academy of Broadcasting Science.[10][11] Announced in October 2006,[9] it has been described as being similar to Europe's DVB-SH standard for digital video broadcast from both satellites and terrestrial 'gap fillers' to handheld devices.[11]

It specifies usage of the 2.6 GHz frequency band and occupies 25 MHz bandwidth within which it provides 25 video and 30 radio channels with some additional data channels.[11] Multiple companies have chips that support CMMB standard - Innofidei who was the first with a solution March 28, 2007, Siano Mobile Silicon(with the SMS118x chip family, which support diversity and have superb performance) and more.[12]

Role in regulating film, television, and internet content[edit]

The NRTA issues mandatory guidelines for media content. In 2011 and 2012 (when still SARFT) it limited the number of reality television programs and of historical dramas expressing particular disapproval of programs with a plot twist that involved time travel back to a Chinese historical era.[13] This decree resulted in cancellation of a number of planned films with historical drama plots.

It issued a directive on 30 March 2009 to highlight 31 categories of content prohibited online, including violence, pornography, content which may "incite ethnic discrimination or undermine social stability". Some industry observers believe that the move was designed to stop the spread of parodies or other comments on politically sensitive issues in the runup to the anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre.[14]

It issued a directive named "SAPPRFT's Opinions On Strengthening The Programme Management of Satellite Television Channels" in 2011, aiming at over-turning the over-emphasis on purely entertainment programmes in the satellite television channels in China.

Outstanding Domestic Animated Television Productions[edit]

For every quarter, the SAPPRFT announces the Outstanding Domestic Animated Television Productions (Chinese: 优秀国产电视动画片), which is given to the works that "persist with correct value guidance" (坚持正确价值导向) and "possess relatively high artistic quality and production standards" (具有较高艺术水准和制作水平). The initial nominees are selected by the province-level administrative departments of broadcast and television, and the China Central Television (CCTV). Then, the SAPPRFT invites the relevant broadcasting organisations, experts and audience representatives to review the nominees and make the finalist. Once the list is finalised, the television broadcasters in Mainland China, especially nationwide generalist channels and animation and children's channels on satellite [zh], and children's channels on terrestrial television, are recommended to give priority when broadcasting such series.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "China Appoints New NRTA Chief". China Media Project. 2023-05-16. Retrieved 2023-05-21.
  2. ^ a b Beach, Sophie (March 21, 2018). "Media, Film, Publishing Put Under Direct CCP Control". China Digital Times. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  3. ^ Lin, Lisa (2022). Convergent Chinese Television Industries: An Ethnography of Chinese Production Cultures. Palgrave Global Media Policy and Business. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p. 41. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-91756-2. ISBN 978-3-030-91755-5. S2CID 249726789.
  4. ^ Buckley, Chris (2018-03-21). "China Gives Communist Party More Control Over Policy and Media". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  5. ^ "Anchoring Party Dominance". China Media Project. 20 April 2022. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  6. ^ "China tightens grip on media with regulator reshuffle". Reuters. 2018-03-21. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  7. ^ Hvistendahl, Mara; Kovalev, Alexey (December 30, 2022). "Hacked Russian Files Reveal Propaganda Agreement With China". The Intercept. Retrieved 2022-12-30.
  8. ^ "国家广播电视总局 公告公示 国家广播电视总局 文化和旅游部关于印发《网络主播行为规范》的通知". Retrieved 2022-07-25.
  9. ^ a b "China releases mobile TV industrial standard" (Press release). Interfax China. 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  10. ^ "TiMi Technologies Co. Ltd". Academy of Broadcasting Science. 2008-01-31. Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2008-06-08.
  11. ^ a b c Mike Clendenin (2006-12-18). "China's mobile-TV spec similar to Europe's". EE Times. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  12. ^ Cai Yan (2007-03-29). "Chip supports China's CMMB mobile TV". EE Times. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  13. ^ Wong, Edward (January 6, 2012). "China: TV Limits May Hit the Web". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  14. ^ Vivian Wu (3 April 2009). "Censors strike at internet content after parody hit". South China Morning Post.
  15. ^ 国家新闻出版广电总局关于推荐2016年第三季度优秀国产电视动画片的通知 (in Chinese). State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television. Archived from the original on 2017-04-04. Retrieved 2017-02-11.

External links[edit]