National Rally for Development and Progress

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The National Rally for Development and Progress (French: Rassemblement national pour le développement et le progrès, also known as VIVA) is a political party in Chad, led by Delwa Kassiré Koumakoye. It was founded in early 1992,[1] with Koumakoye as its President.[2]

In the parliamentary election held on 21 April 2002, the party won five out of 155 seats;[3] all five of these were in Kélo constituency in Tandjilé Ouest Department, where the party won all of the available seats. In the May 2006 presidential election, its candidate, Koumakoye, won 15.13% of the vote.[4] Koumakoye was Prime Minister from February 2007 to April 2008.


  1. ^ Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 118.
  2. ^ "Le Premier Ministre du Tchad: un homme averti de la politique tchadienne", Chadian government website, March 16, 2007 (French).
  3. ^ 2002 election results, IPU PARLINE.
  4. ^ Valery Gottingar, "Scrutin présidentiel du 03 mai 2006: le Conseil Constitutionnel proclame le Président Idriss Deby Itno réélu au premier tour avec un score de 64,67%.", Chadian government website, May 29, 2006 (French).