National Register of Historic Places listings in Ashland County, Wisconsin
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Ashland County, Wisconsin. It is intended to provide a comprehensive listing of entries in the National Register of Historic Places that are located in Ashland County, Wisconsin. The locations of National Register properties for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below may be seen in a map.
There are 40 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county. Another property was once listed but has been removed.
|||Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Location||City or town||Description|
|1||Antelope (schooner-barge) Shipwreck||June 22, 2018
|7.5 miles (12.1 km) southeast of Michigan Island in Lake Superior||La Pointe||187-foot wood-hulled steamship built in 1861 that initially hauled passengers. Later converted to a schooner. Sank in 1897 carrying 1,000 tons of coal while being towed from the Ashland ore docks toward Duluth.|
|2||Apostle Islands Lighthouses||March 8, 1977
|North and east of Bayfield on Michigan, Raspberry, Outer, Sand, and Devils Islands||Bayfield||Six lighthouses built as early as 1856, to guide ships through and around the islands.|
|3||Ashland County Courthouse||March 9, 1982
|201 W. 2nd St.||Ashland||Three-story Neo-Classical building designed by H. W. Beumming of Milwaukee and Henry Wildhagen of Ashland, and built in 1915.|
|4||Ashland Harbor Breakwater Light||March 1, 2007
|Breakwater's northwest end in Chequamegon Bay, 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Bay City Creek mouth||Ashland||58 foot concrete tower at the end of the 1.5 mile artificial breakwater which the Army Corps of Engineers finished in 1915. Built primarily to protect ships in the harbor loading iron ore from the Gogebic Range.|
|5||Bass Island Brownstone Company Quarry||March 29, 1978
|North of La Pointe on Basswood Island||La Pointe||Site where Lake Superior Brownstone was quarried from 1868 to 1890s, and used in the old Chicago Tribune Building, among others. Boundary increased May 10, 2016.|
|6||Beaser School||July 17, 1980
|612 Beaser Ave.||Ashland||Partly brownstone building designed with Flemish touches by Henry Wildhagen and built in 1899. Martin Beaser was a founder of Ashland.|
|7||Big Bay Sloop shipwreck (sloop)||January 14, 2009
|300 feet east of Big Bay State Park||La Pointe||Remains of an unidentified small sloop, probably built around 1880, lying under 25 feet of water.|
|8||Chapple and MacArthur Avenues Residential Historic District||May 27, 2014
|507-1023 Chapple and 600-810, 814, and 822 MacArthur Aves., 618-622 and 700-722 9th Ave., W., and 706-721 6th St., W.||Ashland||61 contributing properties, including the 1888 Shingle-style Heydlauff house, the 1891 Queen Anne/Shingle-style Charles Lamoreux house (at left), the 1893 Gothic Revival Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church, the 1894 Stick style Lyon house, the 1904 American Foursquare Parish house, the 1911 Craftsman Frank Lamoreux house, the 1924 Dutch Colonial Revival Garnich house, and the 1933 Georgian Revival Metternich house.|
|9||Coole Park Manor||June 1, 2005
|351 Old Fort Rd.||La Pointe||Summer home of the Hulls of Kansas City, overlooking Lake Superior, designed by Wilder and Wight and built in 1913 (or 1905?). Later Chateau Madeline.|
|10||Copper Falls State Park||December 16, 2005
|WI 169, 1.8 miles (2.9 km) northeast of Mellen||Morse||Scenic gorge where Copper Culture people probably mined copper. The state park was developed in the 1930s during the Great Depression by the Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps.|
|11||Ellis School||July 17, 1980
|310 Stuntz Ave.||Ashland||Simple Neoclassical school designed by Ashland architect Henry Wildhagen.|
|12||Glidden State Bank||March 29, 2006
|216 1st St.||Jacobs||Brownstone-faced bank building constructed in Romanesque style in 1905.|
|13||Hadland Fishing Camp||August 18, 1977
|North of La Pointe on Rocky Island||La Pointe||Norwegian immigrant Christian Hadland started this camp in 1938, and fished each year from late spring until fall. Site includes cabins, a shed for storing nets, an ice house, gill net winders, and drying frames.|
|14||La Pointe Indian Cemetery||August 3, 1977
|S. Old Main St.||La Pointe||Established in 1836 under La Pointe's Catholic mission headed by Father Baraga. Buried here is Chief Great Buffalo, who signed treaties for the Ojibwe with the U.S., and the Métis fur trader Michel Cadotte.|
|15||La Pointe Light Station||August 4, 1983
|Long Island in Chequamagon Bay||Bayfield||Light on 65 foot skeletal tower, started in 1895 to guide ore freighters between the islands. The WPA added the lightkeeper's house in 1939.|
|16||Lucerne (Shipwreck)||December 18, 1991
|Off the northeastern shore of Long Island||La Pointe||195 foot three-masted schooner built in 1873. On her last voyage in November 1886, dropped coal in Washburn, loaded 1256 tons of Gogebic iron ore at Ashland, and left for Cleveland. She sank in a snowstorm, with all crew lost.|
|17||Manitou Camp||January 19, 1983
|Manitou Island||Apostle Islands National Lakeshore||Remote island-camp from which men logged and fished since the 1890s. Site includes cabins, twine sheds, and fishing implements.|
|18||Marina Site||December 22, 1978
|Address restricted||La Pointe||Site of Indian village and cemetery, probably from the 1700s and 1800s during fur trade era. Burials include nine copper bracelets.|
|19||Marion Park Pavilion||June 4, 1981
|Marion Park||Glidden||Eight-sided dance hall with maple floor and domed roof, designed by Frank Huber and built in 1938 with help from the WPA.|
|20||Marquette (shipwreck)||February 13, 2008
|5 miles (8.0 km) east of Michigan Island in Lake Superior||La Pointe||235 foot wooden bulk freighter built in 1881 in Cleveland. On Oct 15, 1903, heading east with iron ore in fair weather, she sprang a leak and sank. The crew escaped.|
|21||Mellen City Hall||September 20, 1979
|Bennett and Main Sts.||Mellen||The Queen Anne-style city hall designed by Henry Wildhagen and built in 1895 has housed police and fire department, an opera house on the second floor, a library, and now a museum.|
|22||Memorial Hall||April 27, 1995
|1511 Ellis Ave.||Ashland||Residence hall and one-time commons (with attached root cellar) at Northland College, designed by Thomas Shefchik and built in 1928.|
|23||Moonlight shipwreck||October 1, 2008
|7 miles (11 km) east of Michigan Island||La Pointe||Graceful sailing schooner built in 1874 by Wolf & Davidson in Milwaukee. Her topmasts were removed in 1889 when she was converted to a barge. Sank in a storm in September 1903 while being towed with a load of iron ore out of Ashland.|
|24||Morty Site (47AS40)||June 13, 1988
|Address restricted||Bayfield||Prehistoric site on Stockton Island - probably a moose-hunting camp. Pottery fragments indicate one occupation around 900 CE and another around 1685.|
|25||Noquebay (Schooner-Barge) Shipwreck Site||June 4, 1992
|Chequamegon Bay off Stockton Island||La Pointe||205-foot schooner-barge built in 1872 in Trenton, Michigan. On October 6, 1905, it was loaded with 600,000 board feet of hemlock lumber and being towed toward Bay City, Michigan when she caught fire and eventually sank.|
|26||Old Ashland Post Office||January 21, 1974
|601 W. 2nd St.||Ashland||Monumental public building designed by Willoughby J. Edbrooke and built with locally quarried brownstone in 1892-93 as a post office. Has also housed a vocational school and now the city hall. It is considered by some the best example of Richardsonian Romanesque architecture in northern Wisconsin.|
|27||P-Flat Site (47AS47)||September 19, 1988
|Address restricted||Bayfield||Late fall fishing station on Manitou Island, used in the late 1600s and/or early 1700s.|
|28||Pretoria (schooner-barge) Shipwreck Site||August 17, 1994
|1 mile (1.6 km) northeast of Outer Island||Bayfield||338-foot schooner-barge built in 1900 in West Bay City, Michigan. On Sept. 1, 1905 she left Superior with a load of iron ore, towed by a steamer heading for Chicago. They were caught by the same storm that sank the Sevona, and the Pretoria sank with five crew lost.|
|29||R.G. Stewart (shipwreck)||December 27, 1991
|Chequamegon Bay off Michigan Island|
|La Pointe||100 foot wooden passenger steamer built in 1878 in Buffalo. On June 4, 1899 she ran off course in a fog and ran aground on Michigan Island, then caught fire. One crewman died.|
|30||Rocky Island Historic District||July 3, 2008
|Rocky Island, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore||La Pointe||Cluster of fish camps on the east end of Rocky Island, small-scale enterprises operated from 1938 to 1958: Hadland, Benson, Edwards, Nelson & Erickson.|
|31||Security Savings Bank||December 27, 1974
|212-214 W. 2nd St.||Ashland||Richardsonian Romanesque bank designed by local architects Conover and Porter and built in 1889 in brick and brownstone. Later occupied by the Ashland Light, Power and Street Railway Company. In 1935 the lower exterior was refinished with black granite.|
|32||Soo Line Depot||November 3, 1988
|3rd Ave., W., at 4th St.||Ashland||Large Brownstone union depot built in 1889 by the Wisconsin Central Railway in Richardsonian Romanesque style.|
|33||T.H. Camp (shipwreck)||September 15, 2004
|Lake Superior between Madeline and Basswood Islands|
|La Pointe||Steam-powered tugboat built in 1876. Served as a "purchase boat," collecting catch from remote fish camps as far away as Isle Royale or Canada. Sank in 1900.|
|34||Trout Point Logging Camp||December 16, 1988
|Address restricted||Bayfield||Site of logging camp on Stockton Island where as many as 100 men worked from the 1890s to 1920.|
|35||Union Depot||March 23, 1979
|417 Chapple Ave.||Ashland||Queen Anne-styled depot designed by Charles Sumner Frost of Chicago and built in 1900.|
|36||Wakefield Hall||May 4, 1995
|1409 Ellis Ave.||Ashland||Georgian Revival building designed by Thomas Shefchik and built in 1940 as a library at Northland College. Now offices.|
|37||West Second Street Historic District||February 2, 1984
|W. 2nd St. from Ellis Ave. to 6th Ave.||Ashland||45 contributing commercial buildings built from 1884 to 1937 varying in style from the Blue Ribbon Bar to the Northern National Bank and the Royal Theatre|
|38||Wheeler Hall, Northland College||September 13, 1977
|1411 Ellis Ave.||Ashland||The original building of Northland College, then called the North Wisconsin Academy. Designed by H. P. Padley of Madison in Richardsonian Romanesque style and built in 1893.|
|39||Lewis C. and Caroline Wilmarth House||January 29, 2013
|622 Chapple Ave.||Ashland||Georgian Revival mansion built in 1885 by Lewis Cass Wilmarth, Ashland's first banker. In 1918 a hospital wing was added, and the mansion end served as entry and offices for Ashland General Hospital until 1972. Now apartments.|
|40||Wilmarth School||July 17, 1980
|913 3rd Ave., W.||Ashland||Public school designed by local architect Henry Wildhagen with Palladian shape and brownstone accents and built in 1895, when Ashland was booming.|
|41||Winston-Cadotte Site||December 16, 2005
|Address restricted||La Pointe||Site on a point of Madeline Island where Ojibwe, Odawa and Huron may have traded between 1600 and 1650. Later the site of Michel Cadotte's trading post, from roughly 1790 to 1833.|
|||Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Date removed||Location||City or town||Summary|
|1||Ashland Middle School||July 17, 1980|
|May 12, 2009||1000 Ellis Ave.||Ashland||Brick and brownstone Neoclassical school designed by Henry Wildhagen. Served as high school from around 1904 until 1973, then as middle school.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Register of Historic Places in Ashland County, Wisconsin.|
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Wisconsin
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Wisconsin
- "National Register of Historic Places: Weekly List Actions". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved on November 15, 2019.
- Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
- "Antelope (1861)". Wisconsin Shipwrecks. Wisconsin Sea Grant, Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2019-01-12.
- "Lighthouses of the Apostles". Apostle Islands National Lakeshore - Wisconsin. National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "Ashland County Courthouse". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- Pepper, Terry. "Ashland Breakwater Light". Seeing the Light. Terry Pepper. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- Parnes, Herschel L. D. "Bass Island Brownstone Quarry". National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Stauffer, Eugene; Barbara Wyatt; Diane Filipowicz (1979-12-22). "Henry Wildhagen Schools of Ashland Thematic Resources". National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- History of Northern Wisconsin. Chicago: The Western Historical Company. 1881. pp. 66–70.
- "Big Bay Sloop Shipwreck". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "Chapple and MacArthur Avenues Residential Historic District". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Robert C. and Effie Heydlauff House". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Clarence A. and Isabelle Lamoreux House". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Wallace and Estella Lyon House". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "John K. and May C. Parish House". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Frank B. & Elizabeth Lamoreux House". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Ardath and Madeline Garnich House". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Benjamin and Lucille Metternich House". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- Lock, Vickie (Summer 2002). "A Summer Place - Elizabeth Hull's Madeline Island Photo Album". Wisconsin Magazine of History. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
- "Coole Park Manor - house". Architectural and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
- "Copper Falls State Park - History". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
- "Glidden State Bank". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- Parnes, Herschel L. D. "Hadland Fishing Camp". National Register of Historic Places - Inventory/Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- Weburg, Michael M. (1976-08-02). "LaPointe Indian Cemetery". NRHP Inventory-Nomination Form. US Dept. of the Interior. National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-09-21.
- Pepper, Terry. "New La Pointe Light Station". Seeing the LIght. Terry Pepper. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- Location given in Kohl, Cris (2001). The Great Lakes Diving Guide. West Chicago, Ill.: Seawolf Communications, Inc. NRIS lists site as "address restricted".
- "Lucerne (shipwreck)". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- Lidfors, Kathleen (May 1981). "Manitou Camp". National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Federal and state laws and practices restrict general public access to information regarding the specific location of this resource. In some cases, this is to protect archeological sites from vandalism, while in other cases it is restricted at the request of the owner. See: Knoerl, John; Miller, Diane; Shrimpton, Rebecca H. (1990), Guidelines for Restricting Information about Historic and Prehistoric Resources, National Register Bulletin, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, OCLC 20706997.
- "Notice of Inventory Completion: Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, Beloit, WI". Federal Register. Department of the Interior. 76 (93): 28075–28076. 2011-05-13.
- "Marion Park Pavilion". Town of Jacobs. Archived from the original on 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- Swayze, Dave. "Great Lakes Shipwreck File". Dave Swayze. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- "Mellen City Hall". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "Memorial Hall". Historic Campus Architecture Project. Council of Independent Colleges. Archived from the original on 2015-12-10. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- "Moonlight Shipwreck". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- Birmingham, Robert A. (1992). "Historic Period Indian Archeology at La Pointe in Lake Superior: an Overview". The Wisconsin Archeologist. 73 (3–4): 180–181.
- "Noquebay". Wisconsin's Great Lakes Shipwrecks. Wisconsin Historical Society & UW Sea Grant Institute. Archived from the original on 2013-06-02. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
- "Old Ashland Post Office". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
- Birmingham, Robert A. (1992). "Historic Period Indian Archeology at La Pointe in Lake Superior: an Overview". The Wisconsin Archeologist. 73 (3–4): 189.
- "Pretoria". Great Lakes Shipwrecks. Wisconsin Historical Society and University of Wisconsin Sea Grant. Archived from the original on 2013-06-02. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- "R.G. Stewart (1878)". Wisconsin Historical Society Shipwreck Database. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
- Detroit Free Press. 1899-06-06 http://images.maritimehistoryofthegreatlakes.ca/53137/data?n=1. Retrieved 2013-03-28. Missing or empty
- "Rocky Island Historic District Named on the National Register of Historic Places" (PDF). Apostle Islands News Release. National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Security Savings Bank/Appleyard Building". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- Manthei, Sharon (2004-09-23). "Ashland's Soo Line Depot remains a link to the past". Ashland Daily Press. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- Mathis, Gregory R.; Saleh Van Erem. "Preserving Wisconsin's Civic Legacy - A Guide to Rehabilitating and Reusing Local Government Properties" (PDF). National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "T. H. Camp (shipwreck)". Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- Carlson, Mary E. (2009). "The Sawmill Community at Roy's Point - 1893 to 1920" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- Apostle Islands: A Guide to Apostle Islands National Lakeshore. National Park Service. 1988. p. 37.
- "Union Depot". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Wakefield Hall". Historic Campus Architecture Project. Council of Independent Colleges. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "West Second Street Historic District". Wisconsin National Historic Register. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Pabst Block/Blue Ribbon Bar/Ashland Sewing Machine Company". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Northern National Bank". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Wheeler Hall, Northland College". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- "Wilmarth, Lewis C. and Caroline, House". National or State Registers Record. Wisconsin Historical Society. January 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- Mazrim, Robert. "The Cadotte Site". Sangamo Archaeological Center. Retrieved 2013-04-13.