National Report

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For the Colombian singles chart, see National-Report.
National Report
Type Fake news
Format Website
Publisher Allen Montgomery
Editor-in-chief Nigel Covington[1]
Launched 2013
Website nationalreport.net

National Report is a website which posts fictional articles related to world events.[2][3] It is described by Snopes.com as a fake news site,[4] by FactCheck.org as a satirical site[5] and by Caitlin Dewey of the Washington Post as part of a fake-news industry, making profits from "duping gullible Internet users with deceptively newsy headlines."[6] The National Report describes itself as a "news and political satire web publication" and provides a disclaimer that "all news articles contained within National Report are fiction".[7] The disclaimer, however, is not printed on the main page, which instead claims that the website is "America's #1 Independent News Source."[8]

Stories from the National Report have been taken seriously by third parties such as Fox News Channel, and the site drew criticism in October 2014 for running a series of fake stories about Ebola outbreaks in the United States,[9] including the false report that the town of Purdon, Texas, has been quarantined after an outbreak.[10][11] The story led to a traffic spike of two million unique visitors, and although the story was debunked by other websites, the original National Report story received six times as many "shares" on social media sites as the debunking stories did.[9]

The National Report carries a disclaimer identifying its content as satire and fake news,[7] but there was no prominent link to this page until late December 2014.[12][13] Numerous articles referring to National Report stories stated that National Report's disclaimer had been removed.[10][14]

History[edit]

In February 2013, National Report was registered as a site.[15]

In 2014, a Facebook interface experiment included the site on a list of those whose stories were flagged as "satire" when appearing on the social network.[16] Craig Silverman of emergent.info sees National Report as one of several websites which are "not driven by trying to do comedy or satire, but by what kind of fake stuff can we spin up to get shares that earn us money".[10]

List of serious interpretations[edit]

Several hoax National Report stories have been mistakenly reported as fact by media outlets.

A report that Arizona governor Jan Brewer intended to introduce mandatory gay-to-straight conversion courses into the state's public school system. A spokesman for the governor called the fake article 'vile' and said 'its authors should be ashamed.' Brewer has been a target of gay rights activists because of her efforts to strip same-sex partners of government benefits, and for her stance on making it harder for gay couples to adopt children.[17][18][19]

One article fooled researchers at Fox News Channel into reporting that the President had announced his intention to spend his own money to keep a Muslim museum open during a government shutdown.[14] The mistake was featured in a comedy sketch on Jimmy Kimmel Live!.[20]

A report published on November 2, 2013 claiming a fictitious Assam Rape Festival created a furor in Indian national and local media. Several newspapers and blogs reported the same.[21][22][23] A police probe in India showed the story originated from Uganda.[24]

Paul Horner[edit]

Paul Horner was the publication's lead writer;[25] his employment began shortly after National Report went online.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Staff". National Report. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Mendez, David (26 August 2013). ""National Report" Proves That Not Everyone On Internet Can Write Satire". Tucson Weekly. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "November Surprise". Snopes. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Kindergarten Crock". Snopes. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Free Gas For Low-Income Americans?". FactCheck. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Dewey, Caitlin (21 January 2015). "Did Facebook just kill the Web’s burgeoning fake-news industry?". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Disclaimer". National Report. Retrieved 10 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Main Page". National Report. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Shafer, Jack (29 October 2014). "Our appetite for fake Ebola stories and other bunk". Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "Fake news sites are using Facebook to spread Ebola panic". The Verge. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Texas Town Quarantined After Family of Five Test Positive for the Ebola Virus". Snopes. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  12. ^ National Report at the Wayback Machine (archived December 24, 2014)
  13. ^ National Report at the Wayback Machine (archived December 29, 2014)
  14. ^ a b Fox News mistakenly airs parody of Obama offering to personally fund Muslim museum, Yahoo News, October 5, 2013
  15. ^ Caitlin Dewey (October 11, 2014). "This is not an interview with Banksy". Washington Post. Retrieved March 21, 2015. 
  16. ^ Caitlin Dewey (August 19, 2014). "Facebook “satire” tag could wipe out the Internet’s terrible hoax-news industry". Washington Post. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Gov. Jan Brewer slams satirical report that Arizona is launching gay conversion classes in all public schools". NY Daily News. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Arizona schools not implementing gay-conversion therapy". azcentral.com. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  19. ^ No, Crazyland's Governor is Not Putting a Gay to Straight Curriculum in Arizona Schools, Tucson Weekly, August 22, 2013
  20. ^ "Jimmy Kimmel Gives ‘Gullible’ Fox News a Shocking Tip About Obama". mediaite.com. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  21. ^ US website takes satire too far, makes up Assam Rape Festival November 8, 2013
  22. ^ Assam fumes at American website's 'rape festival' spoof November 8, 2013
  23. ^ 'Assam Rape Fest' story in US media triggers row November 8, 2013
  24. ^ "Police Probe Shows Fake ‘Assam Rape Festival’ Came From Uganda". Guardian Liberty Voice. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  25. ^ Caitlin Dewey (January 21, 2015). "Did Facebook just kill the Web’s burgeoning fake-news industry?". Washington Post. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 
  26. ^ "This is not an interview with Banksy". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 

External links[edit]