National Resistance Movement

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Not to be confused with National Resistance Movement of Iran.
National Resistance Movement
Chairman Yoweri Museveni
Founded 1986 (1986)
Preceded by Uganda Patriotic Movement
Ideology

Patriotism Pan-Africanism Social-economic transformation

Democracy
Political position Right-wing
Parliament of Uganda
259 / 385
Coat of arms of the Republic of Uganda.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uganda
Foreign relations

National Resistance Movement (NRM) was founded as a Liberation Movement that waged a successful protracted people's struggle that liberated Uganda from fascist and dictatorial regimes. The National Resistance Movement restored political stability, respect for human rights, national unity, peace, security, law and order, Constitutionalism and the rule of law;

  • NRM launched and executed a minimum economic recovery programme through rehabilitation and development of socio-economic infrastructure, reduction and control of inflation, promotion of local and foreign investment, promotion of private sector led growth and export oriented production.
  • The National Resistance Movement introduced democracy and enfranchised the people of Uganda through restoration of the vote in regular, free and fair elections.
  • National Resistance Movement politically empowered previously marginalized sections of our society, namely women, youth, elders, people with disabilities and workers to play their rightful role in management of public affairs.
  • National Resistance Movement established participatory democracy through a policy of decentralisation and self-governance through local councils, leading to political empowerment of the people and social harmony.
  • National Resistance Movement established and operated the Movement Political System, that enhanced the people's participation in the political, social and economic development of the country.

[1]

The Chairman: Yoweri Museveni[edit]

Yoweri Museveni was involved in the war that deposed Idi Amin, ending his rule in 1979, and in the rebellion that subsequently led to the demise of the Milton Obote regime in 1985; however, parallels have been drawn between the NRM and its predecessors. For instance, the NRM-sponsored Public Order Management Bill is strikingly similar to the 1967 Public Order and Security Act, codified by the Obote regime, in that both bills "seek to gag dissenting views."[2] Museveni's statements are also reminiscent of Uganda's dictatorial past: "Whoever tries to cause problems, we finish them. Besigye [an opposition leader] tried to disorganize Kampala and we gave him a little tear gas and he calmed down. He didn't need a bullet, just a little gas."[3] Further, as he once stated that "the problem of Africa in general and Uganda in particular is not the people but leaders who want to overstay in power," some have viewed his move to abolish presidential term limits as hypocritical.[4][5] In the past, The NRM has been praised for bringing relative stability and economic growth to a country that has endured decades of government mismanagement, rebel activity and civil war; however, with an unemployment rate of 62% among the youth, his economic effectiveness has seriously come into question.[6] His tenure has witnessed one of the most effective national responses to HIV/AIDS in Africa.[7]

In the mid-to-late 1990s, Museveni was lauded by the West as part of a new generation of African leaders. His presidency has been marred, however, by invading and occupying Congo during the Second Congo War (the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo which has resulted in an estimated 5.4 million deaths since 1998) and other conflicts in the Great Lakes region. Recent developments, including the abolition of presidential term limits before the 2006 elections, Museveni's confirmation of the NRM-sponsored Public Order Management Bill — a bill which severely limits freedom of assembly — NRM media censorship and the persecution of democratic opposition (i.e. general intimidation of voters by security forces; arresting opposition candidates; extrajudicial killings) have attracted concern from domestic and foreign commentators. Most recently, indicators of an alleged succession to the President's son, Muhoozi Kainerugaba, have increased tensions.[8][9][10][11]

Allegations regarding significant corruption have also shaped criticism of the NRM government. According to the U.S. State Department's 2012 Human Rights Report on Uganda, "The World Bank's most recent Worldwide Governance Indicators reflected corruption was a severe problem" and that "the country annually loses 768.9 billion shillings ($286 million) to corruption." [12] Understandably, Uganda was ranked 140th out of 176 nations on the Corruption Perceptions Index.[13] A specific scandal, which had significant international consequences and highlighted the presence of corruption in high-level government offices, was the embezzlement of $12.6 mil in donor funds from the Office of the Prime Minister in 2012. These funds were "earmarked as crucial support for rebuilding northern Uganda, ravaged by a 20-year war, and Karamoja, Uganda's poorest region." This scandal prompted the E.U., The U.K., Germany, Denmark, Ireland and Norway to suspend aid.[14] What may compound this problem - as it does in many developing nations (Resource Curse) - is an abundance of oil.

The Petroleum Bill - passed by Ugandan Parliament in 2012 - which was touted by the NRM as bringing transparency to the oil sector has, failed to please domestic and international political commentators and economists. For instance, Angelo Izama, a Ugandan energy analyst at the U.S.-based Open Society Foundation said the new law was tantamount to "handing over an ATM (cash) machine" to Museveni and his regime.[15] According to Global Witness, an international law NGO, Uganda now has "oil reserves that have the potential to double the government’s revenue within six to ten years, worth an estimated US$2.4bn per year."[16]

Other contentious bills have been sponsored, passed and confirmed by the NRM government during his tenure. For example, The Non Governmental Organizations (Amendment) Act, passed in 2006, has stifled the productivity of NGOs through erecting barriers to entry, activity, funding and assembly within the sector. Burdensome and corrupt registration procedures (i.e. requiring recommendations from government officials; annual re-registration), unreasonable regulation of operations (i.e. requiring government notification prior to making contact with individuals in NGO's area of interest), and the precondition that all foreign funds be passed through the Bank of Uganda, among others things, are severely limiting the output of the NGO sector. Furthermore, the sector's freedom of speech has been continually infringed upon through the use of intimidation, and the recent Public Order Management Bill (severely limiting freedom of assembly) will only add to the government's stockpile of ammunition.[17]

History[edit]

The National Resistance Movement (NRM), commonly referred to as the Movement, is the ruling political party in Uganda.

Until a referendum in 2005, Uganda held elections on a non-party basis. The NRM dominates parliament, however, and is expected to continue to do so. The presidential elections of 12 March 2001 were won by Yoweri Museveni of the NRM with 69.3% of the popular vote. It began as the political body associated with the rebel National Resistance Army before Museveni came to power in 1986.

On 17 November 2005 Museveni was elected unopposed as NRM's presidential candidate for the 2006 elections.

In the general election of 23 February 2006, the party won 205 out of 289 elected seats. In the presidential election of the same date Museveni won 59.3% of the vote.

Ugandan Bush War[edit]

Main article: Ugandan Bush War

Museveni's action made him extremely popular, particularly as the Democratic Party which took up its seats in Parliament was perceived as increasingly irrelevant. The undisciplined army continued its atrocities under Obote's government and Paulo Muwanga (Vice President), Tito Okello (Commander of the Army) and David Oyite-Ojok (Army Chief of Staff) had all been rewarded by Obote. The army responded by carrying out a brutal campaign in the south particularly in the central Luwero district where Museveni's forces were established.

Museveni proved to be an astute politician, and quickly formed an alliance with Buganda resistance groups like the Uganda Freedom Fighters of Yusuf Lule and the remnants of Idi Amin's army in the Uganda National Rescue Front led by Moses Ali. The alliance emerged as the National Resistance Movement (NRM) with its military wing the National Resistance Army (NRA). Museveni moulded the NRA into a formidable and disciplined fighting force. Its main method of operation was small strikes at military and government installations and then melting away. In response the government army would brutalise civilians around the place of attack thus further alienating them.

Although there were other guerrilla armies fighting the government, such as the Uganda Freedom Movement led by Andrew Kayiira, Museveni's experience gained during his time with FRELIMO enabled him to develop the NRA more effectively.

Despite its symbolic successes, the NRA was unable to establish itself beyond its heartland in the Luwero district and by 1984 there were rumours that Museveni had left the country and was living in Sweden. However things changed dramatically when Oyite-Ojok, the Army Chief of Staff was killed in a mysterious helicopter crash in 1984. Oyite-Ojok was from the Lango tribe along with president Obote. Whereas many of the military elite belonged to the Lango tribe, the Acholi tribe made up most of the rank and file and suffered the most casualties at the hands of the NRA. Acholi resentment grew when Obote appointed a relatively unknown officer from his tribe, Brigadier Smith Opon Acak as the new Army Chief of Staff. Many had expected him to appoint Bazilio Olara-Okello, an Acholi.

Although an Acholi, the respected army commander Tito Okello maintained his passive attitude despite pressure from fellow Acholi officers. Obote appeared confident that as long as Tito remained in place, the resentment would disappear, and in the meantime he began to build an internal army called the Special Forces, dominated by Lango Officers to counter any army mutiny. Obote's plans were thwarted when Bazilio Olara-Okello led a surprise coup on 27 July 1985. The coup leaders recognised that they needed a more conciliatory figure to lead the new government. Their choice was Tito Okello, the army commander. Tito Okello was reluctant to take up the role and hesitated for two days, but finally reluctantly agreed to lead the new government. His first call was to Museveni and the NRA to join him in a government of National Unity.

The coup resulted in an inexperienced military establishment that often seemed unsure how to rule the country. The army was clearly tired of the war and wanted to reach a peaceful agreement with Museveni. However Tito Okello was often out of his depth at the peace talks in Nairobi, and in the meantime the NRA was able to begin recruiting more soldiers and began extending its area of control westwards. At the peace talks it was Museveni who appeared more in control and articulate.

It is important at this stage to recognise the multitude of forces that now joined the National Resistance Movement, because it is only then that one can understand Museveni's success:

First, the Baganda - who for the first time saw an opportunity to gain military influence and power. Hundreds of Baganda flocked to the NRA often risking their lives to cross government army lines. Many Baganda had simply had enough with the northern dominated army, others saw the chance to restore their Kingdom and some level of autonomy.

Second, the Tutsi refugees - Uganda was the home of thousands of Tutsi refugees from Rwanda who were exiled in the 1960s by the Hutu majority. Many of these refugees joined the NRA and became senior figures in the NRM, including Paul Kagame. Whether at this point or later, these refugees saw the NRA as a vehicle to eventually begin their own military struggle in Rwanda.

Third, the educated elite - Museveni was admired by many of the young educated elite in Uganda, who suffered high unemployment and lack of recognition. Museveni's speeches were often laced with words of Marxist/socialist influence, which attracted young university students.

Fourth, the tribal factor - which still influences Ugandan politics. Museveni's home district in the West saw him as a route to gaining power. The Western regions make up 35% of the population.

The NRA overthrew Okello on 25 January 1986, with Museveni assuming the presidency. The National Resistance Movement embarked on a Marxist-oriented approach to government, establishing a 'no-party' democracy, cadres, and local resistance councils.

In government[edit]

Main article: Politics of Uganda

Museveni began a pragmatic turn around in vision. To appease the Baganda he re-instituted the Kabaka and other royal palaces, promoted economic liberalisation and established himself as more of a civilian politician than a guerrilla leader. The NRM began to widen its appeal by emphasising its role in establishing security and maintaining a very disciplined army. The NRM also courted influential members from Idi Amin's tribe like Moses Ali. The NRM also encouraged free trade and stimulated rapid economic growth thus attracting the support of the affluent middle class while retaining favour in rural areas by ensuring law and order. The rural areas particularly in Buganda had suffered years of terror under Obote. By broadening its political base, the NRM was able to overcome splits from NRM members with other interests (see above) including the Rwandan refugees (led by Kagame) who abandoned the party to take up their own liberation struggle in Rwanda and the discontented members like Kizza Besigye who broke away to form the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC).

In the elections of 2006, the NRM proved its political credentials by out flanking the traditional parties like the Uganda People’s Congress and Democratic Party reminding people–-particularly those in the south—that the brutal northern dominated armies of Amin and Obote could return if the south showed any disunity. This appears to have pacified the Buganda nationalists and discouraged people particularly in the south from voting for the FDC. The death of Milton Obote has also resulted in the lack of any political force from northern Uganda. The north was also blighted by the Lord's Resistance Army which has carried out numerous atrocities there.

The NRM has however not escaped the tribal based politics that has dominated Uganda. Even in the south there is resentment over the dominance of people from the west in most key positions in the party and government institutions. Museveni’s iconic stature and economic progress in the south however are closely related to the NRM.

Party Structures[edit]

Policy organs

The National Conference

The National Conference is the supreme organ of the National Resistance Movement (NRM); it is constituted as follows; The National Chairperson;

  • 1st National Vice Chairperson;
  • 2nd National Vice Chairperson (female);
  • 6(six) Vice Chairpersons representing the Regions of Uganda- East, Central, North,West, Kampala and Karamoja;
  • Members of the National Executive Council;
  • #The Secretary General;
  1. National Treasurer;
  2. The Deputy Secretary General;
  3. Deputy National Treasurer ;
  4. Members of the NRM Municipal Executive Committees;
  5. Members of the NRM Municipal Councils;
  6. Promoters of the NRM Organization;
  7. Executive Committees of the NRM Branches in the Diaspora;
  8. NRM National Secretaries;
  9. NRM Members of Parliament;
  10. NRM members of East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA)
  11. Members of NRM Historical Leaders Forum
  12. Members of the National Executive Committees of all Special Organs other than (p) above;
  13. NRM Chairpersons of Districts;
  14. NRM parliamentary flag bearers;
  15. NRM flag bearers for district chairpersons
  16. Municipality mayors
  17. Members of NRM District Executive Committees;
  18. Members of the District Executive Committees of all Special Organs.
  19. NRM Members on District Councils;
  20. Chairpersons of Sub-county Conferences.

The Chairperson may invite not more than twenty (20) individuals who have made a special contribution to the struggle or who have special skills or experience to attend the Conference as observers.

The functions of the National Conference:[edit]
  • Determine and articulate the principles, policies and programmes of NRM.
  • Generate consensus on key political, economic and social policies within NRM.
  • Mobilise the people to ensure full participation in implementation of political, economic and social policies of NRM.
  • Promote national unity and solidarity.
  • Advise members of NRM Parliamentary Caucus on the policies of NRM.
  • *Elect the National Chairperson, Vice Chairperson, Secretary General, National Treasurer, Deputy Secretary General, and the Presidential Candidate to be sponsored by NRM in national elections.
  • Assign such tasks to NEC as it may deem fit.

The National Executive Council[edit]

The National Executive Council is the standing committee of the National Conference, its consisted as follows:

  1. National Chairperson
  2. 1st National Vice Chairperson;
  3. 2nd National Vice Chairperson (female);
  4. 6(six) Vice Chairpersons representing the Regions of Uganda- East, Central, North, West, Kampala and Karamoja;
  5. Secretary General;
  6. National Treasurer;
  7. Deputy Secretary General;
  8. Deputy National Treasurer;
  9. National Secretaries of NRM;
  10. NRM Members of Parliament.
  11. NRM parliamentary flag bearers;
  12. NRM flag bearers for district chairpersons;
  13. Municipality mayors
  14. NRM members of East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA)
  15. National Executive Committee members of all Special Organs.
  16. All Chairpersons of NRM Branches in the Diaspora
  17. 30 Members of NRM Historical Leaders Forum elected by the Forum;
  18. Chairpersons of NRM District Conferences;
  19. NRM Chairpersons of districts
  20. Not more than ten eminent persons elected by the Council upon nomination by the Chairperson.

The Chairperson may invite not more than 5 individuals who have made a special contribution to the struggle or who have special skills or experience, to attend the NEC as observers.

Functions of the National Executive Council:[edit]
  1. Initiate policy and other measures to be considered by the National Conference;
  2. Deal with policy matters on behalf of the National Conference;
  3. Monitor and evaluate implementation of the programmes of NRM and performance of the organs of NRM;
  4. Recommend to the National Conference proposed amendments to this Constitution;
  5. Recommend to the National Conference persons competing for candidature to the positions of National Chairperson, Vice Chairperson, Secretary General, National Treasurer, Deputy Secretary General and President;
  6. Report to the National Conference on the business it has transacted in between meetings of the Conference;
  7. Approve the annual budget of NRM.
  8. Determine the positions for full time employment within the organs of NRM;
  9. Determine the terms and conditions of service of officers of NRM and other employees;
  10. Appoint Ad hoc committees to handle specific functions as it deems fit;
  11. Promulgate Rules, Regulations, or Bye-Laws for the better implementation of the provisions of this Constitution and achievement of the vision of NRM;
  12. Perform such other functions as the National Conference may direct.

The Central Executive Committee[edit]

The Central Executive Committee (CEC) is constituted as follows;

  1. National Chairperson,
  2. 1st National Vice  Chairperson,
  3. 2nd National Vice Chairperson(female),
  4. 6(six) Vice Chairpersons representing the Regions of Uganda- East, Central, North,West, Kampala and Karamoja,
  5. Secretary General,
  6. National Treasurer,
  7. Deputy Secretary General,
  8. Deputy National Treasurer,
  9. Chairperson of NRM Parliamentary Caucus,
  10. All Chairpersons of the National Special League Committees, Chairpersons of Commissions, and such number of National Secretaries and Deputy National Secretaries as NEC may determine.

The National Secretaries are appointed by the Chairperson with approval of NEC.

The functions of the Central Executive Committee:[edit]
  1. Provide and exercise political leadership in the country;
  2. Formulate policy for consideration by  NEC;
  3. Supervise the day to day conduct of the organisation’s activities;
  4. Appoint organisational functionaries from amongst members of  NRM;
  5. Propagate the NRM policies;
  6. Recommend to NEC NRM candidates seeking nomination for the offices of National Chairperson, Vice Chairperson, Secretary General, Deputy Secretary General and National Treasurer and Presidential candidate for NRM;
  7. Advise the Chairperson and the National Executive Council in the performance of their functions under this Constitution;
  8. Implement the decisions of the National Conference and NEC;
  9. Ensure that all organs of NRM function properly and implement the policies and decisions of NRM;
  10. Prescribe rules and regulations for the functioning and operation of special organs and Caucuses.
  11. Perform any other function that may be assigned it by NEC.

The District Conference[edit]

For every district in Uganda, there is a Conference for each district known as the NRM District Conference.

The District Conference consists of:

  1. The Chairperson of the Conference who shall also be Chairperson of the District Executive Committee;
  2. NRM Members of Parliament from the District;
  3. Members of NRM Historical Leaders Forum from the district;
  4. NRM candidates in the preceding parliamentary elections from the District;
  5. Members of NRM District Executive Committee;
  6. NRM candidate for the office of District Chairperson in the preceding elections;
  7. NRM District Councillors or candidates for District Council in the preceding elections within the District;
  8. Members of the Executive Committees of special organs at district level;
  9. Members of the NRM Sub-county Executive Committees;
  10. NRM members of the Sub-county local government executive committee.
Functions of the District Conference:[edit]
  1. Generate consensus on key political, economic and social policies     of NRM within the District;
  2. Mobilise the people to ensure full participation in the implementation of political, economic and social policies of NRM within the District
  3. Promote unity and solidarity among the people in the District;
  4. Initiate and encourage democratic participation in evolution of policies to be considered by the National Conference;
  5. Be responsible to CEC for guidance and policy matters.

For every district, there is a District Executive Committee elected by the District Conference. The District Executive Committee consists of;

  1. The Chairperson
  2. Vice Chairperson
  3. General Secretary
  4. Secretary for Finance
  5. Secretary for Publicity
  6. Chairpersons of Special Organs at the District level
  7. The Administrative Secretary, NRM members of Parliament from the district or candidates for member of Parliament in the preceding election, NRM Mayors of Municipal Councils or candidate for Municipal mayor and District
  8. Chairpersons or candidate for district chairperson as Ex Officio members of the NRM District Executive Committee.) as  ex-officio members.

The Chairperson shall convene and chair meetings of the District Conference and Executive Committee.

Functions of the District Executive Committee:

  1. Initiate policy and other measures to be considered by the District Conference
  2. Articulate to the population the principles, policies and programmes of NRM in the    District;
  3. Advise the District Conference on the performance of its functions;
  4. Implement the decisions relevant to it of the national organs and District Conference
  5. Advise members of NRM District Council Caucus on the policies of NRM;
  6. Mobilise people in the District to ensure full participation in implementation of the political, economic and social policies of NRM;
  7. Carry out such other functions as may be assigned to it by the national organs and or the District Conference.

The Sub-County Conference[edit]

There is a conference for each Sub-county, Town Council, or Municipal Division known as the Sub-County, Town council or Municipal Division NRM Conference.

The Sub-county, Town Council or Municipal Division Conference consists of:

  1. The Chairperson of the Conference who shall also be the Chairperson of the Sub county Executive Committee
  2. The Sub-county, Town Council or Municipal Division NRM Executive Committee members
  3. NRM members of the Sub-county council
  4. NRM candidates at the preceding Sub-county council elections
  5. Parish Executive Committee members in a Sub-county, Town Council or Municipal Division
  6. NRM members on the Parish Council
  7. Executive Committee members of Special Organs at Sub-county, Town Council or Municipal division
  8. The Chairperson may invite not more than five eminent persons to attend as observers

The Parish Conference[edit]

Every parish in Uganda has the NRM Parish Conference.

The Parish Conference consists of:

  1. The Chairperson who shall also be the chairperson of the Parish Executive Committee
  2. Members of the Parish Executive Committee
  3. Members of the Branch Executive Committees within the parish
  4. Members of the Executives Committees of special organs within the parish.;
  5. NRM members on the Village Executive Committee; and
  6. NRM candidates for the office of the Village Local Council Chairpersons in the preceding elections within the Parish;
  7. The Chairperson may invite not more than five eminent persons to attend the Parish Conference.

The Branch[edit]

Every village in Uganda constitute a Branch.

A branch performs the following functions:[edit]
  1. Generate consensus on key political, economic and social policies     of NRM within the branch;
  2. Mobilise the people to ensure full participation in implementation of political, economic and social policies of NRM within the branch
  3. Promote unity and solidarity among the people in the branch;
  4. Initiate and encourage democratic participation in evolution of policies to be considered by the Parish Conference.
  5. Be responsible to the Parish Conference for guidance and policy matters
  6. Create cells for purposes of mobilisation and recruitment of members
  7. Keep a permanent register of its members

The Cell[edit]

The Cell is composed of 10 households and at least 5 members in either a residential or non-residential areas.

Each cell has a chairperson elected from amongst members of a cell.

The functions of the Cell:[edit]
  1. Disseminate and defend NRM policies at that level.
  2. Monitor that peace and security are maintained in the area.
  3. Propagate NRM ideology and principles.
  4. Sensitise, mobilise and articulate  NRM policies.
  5. Recruit of members.

There is a meetings of the Cell every month at which all NRM matters relevant to the Cell are discussed.

Administrative Organs[edit]

The National Secretariat[edit]

The National Secretariat of NRM consists of:

  1. The Secretary General, who is the head of the Secretariat;
  2. Deputy Secretary General
  3. Director for Finance and Administration;
  4. Director for Research
  5. Director for Economic Affairs
  6. Director for International Relations
  7. Director for Mobilisation and Recruitment and Cadre Development
  8. Director for Legal Services
  9. Director for Information, Publicity and Public Relations

Under the direction of the Secretary General, the National Secretariat is responsible for:

  1. Implementation of the decisions of the National Conference and National Executive Council;
  2. Implementation of NRM policies, decisions, and directives on a day-to-day basis;
  3. Preparing rules, regulations and procedures for approval by the respective authorities within NRM;
  4. Preparing relevant papers and documents, which will guide NRM organs in decision-making;
  5. Disseminating information from NRM Committee and Commissions to all organs of NRM;
  6. Enhancing the capacity of NRM for competitive group politics.
  7. Providing administrative and secretarial services to the National Conference and National Executive Council;
  8. Coordination of the activities of all organs of NRM;
  9. Maintaining a National Register of members;
  10. Carrying out such other functions as may be assigned to it by the Chairperson, CEC or the National Executive Council.

District Executive Committee[edit]

The District Executive Committee consists of:

  1. The Chairperson
  2. Vice Chairperson
  3. General Secretary
  4. Secretary for Finance
  5. Secretary for Publicity
  6. Chairpersons of Special Organs at the District level
  7. The Administrative Secretary, NRM members of Parliament from the district or candidates for member of Parliament in the preceding election, NRM Mayors of Municipal Councils or candidate for Municipal mayor and District Chairpersons or candidate for district chairperson as Ex Officio members of the NRM District Executive Committee.) as  ex-officio members.
The functions of the District Executive Committee:[edit]
  1. initiate policy and other measures to be considered by the District Conference
  2. articulate to the population the principles, policies and programmes of NRM in the    District;
  3. advise the District Conference on the performance of its functions;
  4. implement the decisions relevant to it of the national organs and District Conference
  5. advise members of NRM District Council Caucus on the policies of NRM;
  6. mobilise people in the District to ensure full participation in implementation of the political, economic and social policies of NRM;
  7. carry out such other functions as may be assigned to it by the national organs and or the District Conference.

Constituency Executive Committee[edit]

Constituency or Municipality Executive Committee consists of Sub-county or Town Council and Municipal Division Executive Committees within the constituency or municipality.

The Chairperson of the Committee is the NRM Member of Parliament of that constituency or NRM Candidate in the preceding elections.

The functions of the Constituency or Municipality Executive Committee are:

  1. Generate consensus on key political, economic and social policies of NRM in the Constituency;
  2. monitor the needs of the people in the constituency and advise the National Secretariat;
  3. promote harmony amongst the people in the constituency.

Special Organs[edit]

  • NRM Elders League
  • NRM Entrepreneurs League
  • NRM Historical Leaders Forum
  • NRM Institutions League
  • NRM Veterans League
  • NRM Women League
  • NRM Workers League
  • NRM Youth League
  • NRM League for People With Disabilities

NRM Caucuses[edit]

  • NRM Parliamentary Caucus
  • NRM District Council Caucus
  • NRM Sub-County Caucus

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Resistance Movement". About Us. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Boniface, Ngaruye. (2013). Is History Repeating Itself?. The Daily Monitor.
  3. ^ New Vision.(2013). ‘We are at war’ with dev’t saboteurs.
  4. ^ The Economist. (2013). Africa Prepares to Vote.
  5. ^ Lumu, David Tash. (2013). How term limits were kicked out in 2005. The Observer.
  6. ^ Ashaba, Anita. (2013). Unemployment: Uganda’s Time Bomb. Chimp Reports.
  7. ^ "Declining HIV Prevalence, Behavior Change, and the National Response", Janice A. Hogle, US Agency for International Development, September 2002
  8. ^ Article 19. (2013). Uganda: Public Order Management Bill.
  9. ^ Masereka, Alex. (2013). M7 Okays Public Order Bill. Red Pepper.
  10. ^ United States Department of State (Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor).(2012). Uganda 2012 Human Rights Report.
  11. ^ Natabaalo, Grace. (2013). Ugandan Police Shutdown Papers Over 'Plot'. Al Jazeera.
  12. ^ United States Department of State (Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor).(2012). Uganda 2012 Human Rights Report.
  13. ^ Transparency International. (2012). Corruption Perceptions Index 2012.
  14. ^ Human Rights Watch. (2013). Letting the Big Fish Swim.
  15. ^ Biryabarema, Elias. (2012). Ugandan Lawmakers Pass Oil Bill, Worry About Corruption. Thomson Reuters
  16. ^ Global Witness. (2012). Uganda's oil laws: Global Witness Analysis.
  17. ^ The International Center for Not-For-Profit Law. (2012). NGO Law Monitor: Uganda.

External links[edit]