National routes (South Africa)
||This article is incomplete. (April 2011)|
The national route network in South Africa is a system of roads and freeways which connect major cities. National routes are designated with route numbers beginning with "N", from N1 to N17. Most segments of the national route network are maintained by the South African National Roads Agency (SANRAL), but some are maintained by provincial or local road authorities.
The system was mostly built during the 1970s by the National Party government of South Africa, although construction of new roads and repairs of existing stretches continue today. The system was modeled on the United States Interstate Highway network, an idea first brought into effect by US President Dwight D. Eisenhower during the 1950s, based on the German Autobahn, which he experienced when touring Germany after the Second World War.
National routes are defined and numbered by the Route Numbering and Road Traffic Signs Sub Committee within the Roads Co-ordinating Body, an organisation which contains representatives from road authorities in national, provincial and local government. The term "national road" is frequently used to refer to a national route, but technically a "national road" is any road maintaned by the South African National Roads Agency (SANRAL) and need not necessarily form part of a national route. There are also parts of the national route network that are maintained by provincial or local authorities rather than SANRAL.
National Routes are denoted with the letter N followed by a number indicating the specific route. On maps and some signage, national routes are shown by a pentagon with the number of the road inside. There are fifteen declared national routes, which are listed below.
- N1: Cape Town – Worcester – Beaufort West – Colesberg – Bloemfontein – Kroonstad – Johannesburg – Roodepoort – Pretoria – Polokwane – Musina – Beit Bridge (– Harare, Zimbabwe)
- N2: Cape Town – Somerset West – George – Port Elizabeth – King William's Town – East London – Mthatha – Kokstad – Port Shepstone – Durban – KwaDukuza – Empangeni – eMkhondo – Ermelo
- N3: Durban – Pietermaritzburg – Harrismith – Johannesburg
- N4: (Lobatse, Botswana –) Skilpadshek – Zeerust – Rustenburg – Pretoria – eMalahleni – Nelspruit – Komatipoort (– Maputo, Mozambique)
- N5: Winburg – Bethlehem – Harrismith
- N6: East London – Queenstown – Aliwal North – Bloemfontein
- N7: Cape Town – Clanwilliam – Springbok – Vioolsdrif (– Keetmanshoop, Namibia)
- N8: Groblershoop – Kimberley – Bloemfontein – Ladybrand – Maseru Bridge (– Maseru, Lesotho)
- N9: George – Graaf-Reinet – Middelburg (EC) – Colesberg
- N10: Port Elizabeth – Cradock – Middelburg (EC) – De Aar – Prieska – Upington – Nakop (– Keetmanshoop, Namibia)
- N11: Ladysmith – Newcastle – Volksrust – Ermelo – Middelburg (MP) – Mokopane – Grobler's Bridge (– Francistown, Botswana)
- N12: George – Beaufort West – Kimberley – Klerksdorp – Potchefstroom – Johannesburg – eMalahleni
- N14: Springbok – Upington – Vryburg – Krugersdorp – Pretoria
- N17: Johannesburg – Springs – Ermelo – Oshoek (– Mbabane, Swaziland)
- N18: Warrenton – Vryburg – Mahikeng – Ramatlabama (– Lobatse, Botswana)
- N21 / Peninsula Expressway: A proposed ring road that will involve upgrading the R300 running parallel to the N7 through Bellville into a toll road connecting the West Coast to Muizenberg. See Peninsula Expressway, Cape Town.
- Falkner, John (May 2012). South African Numbered Route Description and Destination Analysis (Report). National Department of Transport. p. xi. http://www.transport.gov.za/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=5qOHvOI4KuY%3d. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- nra.co.za - Declaration
- Falkner, John (May 2012). South African Numbered Route Description and Destination Analysis (Report). National Department of Transport. pp. 1–35. http://www.transport.gov.za/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=5qOHvOI4KuY%3d. Retrieved 22 January 2014.