National Route 1 (Argentina)
|Ruta Nacional 1|
|Length:||50 km (30 mi)|
|25 de Mayo highway|
|South end:||RP 11 in Ensenada|
|Highways in Argentina|
National Route 1, also known as Buenos Aires–La Plata Highway and officially called Autopista Doctor Ricardo Balbín since 2004, connects the Autopista 25 de Mayo in Buenos Aires with Provincial Route 11, near the city of La Plata. It has a length of 50 km (31 mi) with two or four lanes on each direction in different areas, and is indicated in red in the map.
The origins of this road go back to the Plan Director para Capital Federal y lineamientos estructurales para el Area Metropolitana y su región (Directing Plan for Capital Federal and structural guidelines for the metropolitan area and region) written by Buenos Aires City Hall between 1958 and 1965, where they describe, among others, a coastal highway between the cities of Tigre and La Plata.
As the roadbed coincided in part with Acceso Sudeste which was a federally administered road, when defining the routing of the Autopista Buenos Aires–La Plata, the Federal Department of Public Works (Secretaría de Estado de Obras Públicas de la Nación) and the Buenos Aires Province Ministry of Public Works (Ministerio de Obras Públicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires) took part in the discussions and planning.
On 29 March 1979 the national Department of Transportation and its provincial counterpart signed an agreement were both entities would call for a joint bidding for the construction and widening of the Buenos Aires–La Plata highway, dividing it in three sections: the first between the neighborhoods of La Boca and Hudson, including the bridge over the Riachuelo, the second between Hudson and La Plata and the last one from the junction near Martín García Avenue until 9 July Avenue. This agreement was ratified by Provincial decree 9343.
On 30 March 1980 the Concesionaria Vial Argentino-Española (Coviares) company won the bid and obtained the work permits after signing a contract on 2 January 1983. This contract, with state subsidies was re-negotiated several times until September 1994, when the project was added to the Red de Accesos a Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Access Roads) plan, replacing the state subsidy with an extension of the concession to 22 years.
After several stops and starts, on 1 July 1995 the Buenos Aires - Quilmes section was opened to traffic. On 17 November of the same year the connection with Provincial Route 36 in Juan María Gutiérrez was completed, (road that connects to the southeast of Buenos Aires province). Finally, on 24 May 2002 the section from Hudson to Provincial Route 11 was completed.
The original concession contract included the construction of a coastal highway that would join this road with the Autopista Illia going through Puerto Madero and Retiro, in Buenos Aires city, but it was never built.
In November 2005 work was started to add a third lane on each direction between Acceso Sudeste and Quilmes (10 km (6 mi)) but work was stopped and not resumed.
Before 1979 Nacional Route 1 was placed farther aways from the Río de la Plata, as seen in the green line. The Avellaneda–Gutiérrez section run on the old National Route 2, the continued parallel to the Ferrocarril General Roca railroad until joining Camino General Belgrano, then following to the provincial capital.
Through Law #1595 of 1979 the road was transferred to provincial control. Buenos Aires Province took over in 1988, so the section northeeast of Juan María Gutiérrez circle is now part of Provincial Route 36, while the 28 km (17 mi) southeast of the circle up until 32nd Street in La Plata, is part of Provincial Route 1.
Service stations and toll booths
- km 7.22: Dock Sud Toll
- km 13.30: YPF service area (southbound)
- km 13.51: YPF service area (northbound)
- km 30.14: Peaje Hudson
- km 36.54: Shell service area (southbound)
- km 48.20: Shell service area (northbound)
- Domínguez Roca, Luis J. (2005). "Planes urbanos y transporte en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires" (in Spanish). ISSN 1138-9788. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
- Bauer, Conrado (1968). "Estado actual del proyecto y enfoque del gobierno bonaerense sobre la Autopista La Plata–Buenos Aires" (PDF). Revista Vialidad (in Spanish) (42): 12.
- "Autovía La Plata–Buenos Aires" (PDF). Revista Vialidad (in Spanish) (39): 63. 1967.
- Castellani, Ana. "La difusión de ámbitos privilegiados de acumulación en la Argentina. Un análisis del ámbito conformado en torno a la implementación del Plan Vial Trienal (1968–1970)" (PDF) (in Spanish). ISSN 1851-8788. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
- "Decreto-Ley 9343 de la Provincia de Buenos Aires" [Provincial Law 9343] (in Spanish). Buenos Aires Province. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
- Azpiazu y Julieta Pesce, Daniel. "La privatización del sistema vial en la Argentina. ¿Errores de diseño o desmedidos privilegios para una fracción del poder económico local?]" (PDF) (in Spanish).
- Dirección Nacional de Vialidad (2000). "Decreto Nacional 1595/79 con comentarios" (PDF) (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
- Dirección Nacional de Vialidad (17 September 1988). Provincial Law 10,656 - Buenos Aires Province "Decreto Nacional 1595/79 con comentarios" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 March 2008.
- Vialidad Provincial "Nuestras Rutas" [Our Routes] (in Spanish). Dirección de Vialidad de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
- (Spanish) Autopista Buenos Aires - La Plata: Contractor
- (Spanish) Órgano de Control de Concesiones Viales National entity in charge of supervising road construction.