National Salvation Junta

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Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa
1974–1975
Anthem: A Portuguesa  (Portuguese)
The Portuguese
Portuguese Empire 20th century.png
CapitalLisbon
Common languagesPortuguese
GovernmentProvisional military junta
President 
• 1974-1974
António de Spínola
• 1974–1976
Francisco da Costa Gomes
History 
• Proclamation
26 April 1974
• Disestablished
14 March 1975
CurrencyEscudo
ISO 3166 codePT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Estado Novo
Portugal
Today part of Portugal
 Angola
 Mozambique
 Guinea-Bissau
 Cape Verde
 São Tomé and Príncipe
 China
   Macau

The National Salvation Junta (Junta de Salvação Nacional, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒũtɐ dɨ saɫvɐˈsɐ̃w̃ nɐsiuˈnaɫ]) was a group of military officers designated to maintain the government of Portugal in April 1974, after the Carnation Revolution had overthrown the Estado Novo dictatorial regime. This junta functioned following a communiqué of its president, António de Spínola, at 1:30 a.m. on 26 April 1974. The National Salvation Junta was the de jure governing body of Portugal following the Carnation Revolution.

The Junta was a pre-planned part of the programme of the Movimento das Forças Armadas (Movement of the Armed Forces; MFA), which aimed to exercise political power before the formation of a civilian government in order to prevent the immediate collapse of the Presidency of the Republic (then held by Rear-Admiral Américo Tomás) and of the government, along with the dissolution of the National Assembly and of the Council of State. Constitutional Law 1/74 of 25 April was promulgated in order to set this process in motion. The choice of President and Vice-President remained with the Junta itself.

The Junta was composed of:

On an interim basis, the Junta also exercised the functions of the Presidency of the Republic (from 26 April to 15 May, when it designated as Head of State the president of the Junta, António de Spínola) and of President of the Council (from 26 April to 16 May, when the First Provisional Government of Portugal, which was chosen by the MFA, took power, headed by Adelino da Palma Carlos).

On 30 September 1974 the staff was reorganized:

Constitutional Law 5/75 of 14 March 1975 abolished the National Salvation Junta and established the Revolutionary Council of Portugal (Conselho da Revolução de Portugal), which included former members of the Junta.

Preceded by
Américo Tomás
President of Portugal (interim)
26 April 1974–15 May 1974
Succeeded by
António de Spínola
Preceded by
Marcello Caetano
Prime Minister of Portugal (interim)
26 April 1974 –16 May 1974
Succeeded by
Adelino da Palma Carlos