National Salvation Party

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National Salvation Party

Millî Selamet Partisi
FounderNecmettin Erbakan
Founded1972
Dissolved1981
Preceded byNational Order Party
Succeeded byWelfare Party
HeadquartersAnkara
IdeologyMillî Görüş
Islamism
Religious conservatism
Anti-Western sentiment
ReligionSunni Islam

The National Salvation Party (Turkish: Millî Selâmet Partisi, MSP) was an Islamist political party in Turkey founded on 11 October 1972 as the successor of the banned National Order Party (Millî Nizam Partisi, MNP). The party was led by Necmettin Erbakan. The party grew more popular, in 1973 elections it gained 11.8% of votes and was granted 48 seats in the Turkish Grand National Assembly, in 1977 elections it gained 8.56% of votes and won 24 seats.[1] In 1974 it formed the coalition government with the secularist Republican People's Party (CHP) of Bülent Ecevit. MSP was closed down after the 1980 military coup.[2]

Millî Gazete, launched 12 January 1973, was the party's semi-official daily newspaper.

The National Turkish Student Association (Millî Türk Talebe Birliği, MTTB) was the party's youth organization.[3]

The party was succeeded by the Welfare Party (RP), which was founded in 1983.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Atacan 2005, 191.
  2. ^ Atacan 2005, 187.
  3. ^ The Kurdish Ḥizbullāh in Turkey. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. By: Mehrzad Boroujerdi, Nader Entessar, Martin Kramer, Joseph A. Kéchichian, Emrullah Uslu. Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

References[edit]

  • Atacan, Fulya (2005). "Explaining Religious Politics at the Crossroad: AKP-SP". Turkish Studies. 6 (2): 187–199. doi:10.1080/14683840500119510.