National Service Training Program
The National Service Training Program (NSTP), is a civic education and defense preparedness program students instituted by the Government of the Philippines on 5 January 2000 by virtue of Republic Act 9163, otherwise known as the "National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001."
Under the NSTP Program, both male and female college students of any baccalaureate degree course or technical vocational course in public or private educational institutions are obliged to undergo one of three program components for an academic period of two semesters. The students, however, are free to choose which particular program component to take. The three NSTP Program components are:
- This program component is designed to provide students with activities contributory to the general welfare and betterment of life of the members of the community especially those developed to improve social welfare services.
- This program component is designed to train students in teaching literacy and numeracy skills to schoolchildren and out-of-school youths. The hope is to continue learning on a peer - to - peer interaction.
- This program component is designed to provide military education and training for students to mobilize them for national defense preparedness. This is also a glimpse for young people to see how military life is and encourage them into service.
Graduates of the ROTC program component are organized into the Citizen Armed Force, while graduates of the LTS and CWTS program components are organized into the National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC) administered by the Department of National Defense, the Commission on Higher Education and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority.
There have been several legal precedents to the National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001. These include:
Commonwealth Act No. 1
Commonwealth Act No. 1, otherwise known as the "National Defense Act", was enacted by the National Assembly of the Philippines on 21 December 1935. It provided for obligatory military service for all male citizens of ages between 18 and 30.
Presidential Decree No. 1706
Presidential Decree No. 1706, otherwise known as the "National Service Law", was signed by President Ferdinand Marcos on 8 August 1980. It made national service obligatory for all Filipino citizens and specified three categories of national service: civic welfare service, law enforcement service and military service.
Republic Act 7077
Republic Act 7077, otherwise known as the "Citizen Armed Forces of the Philippines Reservist Act", was enacted by the 8th Congress of the Philippines on 27 June 1991. The Reservist Act provided for organization, training and utilization of reservists, referred to in the Act as "Citizen Soldiers". The primary pool of manpower for the reservist organization are graduates of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps basic and advance courses.
According to the Commission on Higher Education, over a ten-year period from 2002-2012 the CWTS component has produced 10,614,000 graduates, the highest among the three NSTP components. This is followed by the ROTC component, with 1,435,000 AFP reservists and the LTS component with 538,700 graduates.
|NSTP Component||No. of Graduates|
- National Service Reserve Corps
- Conscription in the Philippines
- Death of Mark Chua
- Malaysian National Service
- National service
- Labuguen, Florida C.; et al. (2012). Understanding the National Service Training Program. Mutya Publishing House. p. 11. ISBN 978-971-821-289-9.
- National Assembly of the Philippines. "CA No. 1". Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Ferdinand E. Marcos. "PD No. 1706". Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- 8th Congress of the Republic to the Philippines. "RA 7077". Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Liveta, Ronaldo A. (April 28, 2015). "NSTP-NSRC Updates and Challenges". 13th National Congress of NSTP Educators and Implementors. Philippine Society of NSTP Educators and Implementors.