National Socialist Flyers Corps

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NSFK pennant

The National Socialist Flyers Corps (German: Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps; NSFK) was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party that was founded April 15, 1937 as a successor to the German Air Sports Association; the latter had been active during the years when a German air force was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles. The NSFK organization was based closely on the organization of the Sturmabteilung (SA) and maintained a system of paramilitary ranks closely associated with the SA. A similar group was the National Socialist Motor Corps. During the early years of its existence, the NSFK conducted military aviation training in gliders and private airplanes.


General der Flieger Friedrich Christiansen was NSFK Korpsführer from April 15, 1937 until June 26, 1943, followed by Generaloberst Alfred Keller until May 8, 1945.

The National Socialist Flyers Corps continued to exist after the Luftwaffe was founded, but to a much smaller degree. In 1942 it comprised the following regional Gruppen (groups):

  • Gruppe 1: Ostland (Königsberg)
  • Gruppe 2: Nord (Stettin)
  • Gruppe 3: Nordwest (Hamburg)
  • Gruppe 4: Berlin-Brandenburg (Berlin)
  • Gruppe 5: Wartheland (Posen)
  • Gruppe 6: Schlesien (Breslau)
  • Gruppe 7: Elbe-Saale (Dresden)
  • Gruppe 8: Mitte (Eschwege)
  • Gruppe 9: Weser-Elbe (Hannover)
  • Gruppe 10: Westfalen (Dortmund)
  • Gruppe 11: Hessen-Westmark (Frankfurt/Main)
  • Gruppe 12: Niederrhein (Essen)
  • Gruppe 13: Main-Donau (Nürnberg)
  • Gruppe 14: Hochland (München)
  • Gruppe 15: Schwaben (Stuttgart)
  • Gruppe 16: Südwest (Strassburg)
  • Gruppe 17 Ostmark (Wien)

Ranks and insignia[edit]

The 'ranks and insignia of the National Socialist Flyer Corps were a paramilitary rank system in use by the National Socialist Flyers Corps (NSFK) between the years of 1933 and 1945. The ranks were designed after paramilitary rank titles of the Sturmabteilung. Most ranks of the NSFK were also used by the National Socialist Motor Corps which maintained its own paramilitary rank system.

As with most Nazi paramilitary groups, rank patches were worn on a single collar opposite a badge of unit membership. The exception was for the ranks Standartenführer and above which displayed rank insignia on both collars.

As of 1934, the final rank pattern of the National Socialist Flyer Corps was as follows:

NSFK Rank Translation German Air Force Equivalent
Korpsführer Corps Leader Generalfeldmarschall
Obergruppenführer Senior Group Leader General
Gruppenführer Group Leader Generalleutnant
Brigadeführer Brigade Leader Generalmajor
Oberführer Senior Leader Oberst
Standartenführer Regiment Leader Oberst
Obersturmbannführer Senior Assault Unit Leader Oberstleutnant
Sturmbannführer Assault Unit Leader Major
Hauptsturmführer Chief Assault Leader Hauptmann
Obersturmführer Senior Assault Leader Oberleutnant
Sturmführer Assault Leader Leutnant
Obertruppführer Senior Troop Leader Stabsfeldwebel
Truppführer Troop Leader Hauptfeldwebel
Oberscharführer Senior Squad Leader Oberfeldwebel
Scharführer Squad Leader Unteroffizier
Rottenführer Section Leader Obergefreiter
Sturmmann Storm Trooper Gefreiter
Mann Trooper Flieger
Anwärter Candidate None


Mann (1), Sturmmann (2), Rottenführer (3), Scharführer (4), Oberscharführer (5), Truppführer (6), Obertruppführer (7), Sturmführer (8), Obersturmführer (9), Hauptsturmführer (10), Sturmbannführer (11), Obersturmbannführer (12), Standartenführer (13), Oberführer (14), Brigadeführer (15), Gruppenführer (16), Obergruppenführer (17), Korpsführer (18)