National Society of Film Critics
The National Society of Film Critics (NSFC) is an American film critic organization. The organization is known for its highbrow tastes, and its annual awards are one of the most prestigious film critics awards in the United States. As of January 2014 the NSFC have approximately 60 members who write for a variety of weekly and daily newspapers along with major publications and media outlets.
National Society of Film Critics was founded in 1966 in the New York City apartment of Saturday Review critic Hollis Alpert, one of several co-founding film critics who was refused membership to the New York Film Critics Circle because it preferred critics who worked for mainstream newspapers. His co-founders included Pauline Kael, a writer for The New Yorker; Joe Morgenstern, then a movie reviewer for Newsweek; and Richard Schickel, a film critic for Life Magazine. The society was founded in order to counteract the influence of New York Times critic Bosley Crowther, who dominated the New York City film critics scene for many years. The original founding film critics, who were overwhelmingly based in New York, called their new group a "national" organization because they wrote for a number of magazines and newspapers with a national circulation. Past distinguished members include Dave Kehr, Jonathan Rosenbaum, the late Roger Ebert, Richard Corliss, and Stanley Kauffmann; current prominent members include Peter Travers, Stephanie Zacharek, Kenneth Turan, Emanuel Levy, Gerald Peary, David Sterritt, and David Edelstein.
The organization is known for its highbrow tastes, and its annual awards are one of the more prestigious film critics awards in the United States. In past years, many of its Best Picture winners have been foreign films, and the choices rarely parallel the Academy Awards. It has agreed with the Oscar in eight instances over the past 40 years: 1977's Annie Hall, 1992's Unforgiven, 1993's Schindler's List, 2004's Million Dollar Baby, 2009's The Hurt Locker, 2015's Spotlight, 2016's Moonlight, and 2019's Parasite. Five other winners did receive the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film: Z, Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie), La nuit américaine (Day for Night), Préparez vos mouchoirs (Get Out Your Handkerchiefs), and Amour.
The NSFC is also the American representative of the International Federation of Film Critics (FIPRESCI), which comprises the national organizations of professional film critics and film journalists from around the world.
The society has published an ongoing series of anthologies of articles including:
- The B List:The National Society of Film Critics on the Low-Budget Beauties,Genre-Bending Mavericks,and Cult Classics We Love, Edited by David Sterritt and John C. Anderson, 2008
- The X List: A Guide to the Movies That Turn Us On, Edited by Jami Bernard, Da Capo Press, 2005
- The A List: 100 Essential Films, Edited by Jay Carr, Da Capo Press, 2002
- Flesh and Blood: On Sex, Violence, and Censorship, Edited by Peter Keough, Mercury House, 1995
- They Went Thataway: Redefining Film Genres, Edited by Richard T. Jameson, Mercury House, 1994
- Love and Hisses: Sound Off on the Hottest Movie Controversies, Edited by Peter Rainer, Mercury House, 1992
- Foreign Affairs: A Guide to Foreign Films, Edited by Kathy Schulz Huffhines, Mercury House, 1991
- Produced and Abandoned: The Best Films You've Never Seen, Edited by Michael Sragow, Mercury House, 1990
- The National Society of Film Critics on the Movie Star, Edited by Elisabeth Weis, Penguin, 1981
- The National Society of Film Critics on Movie Comedy, Edited by Stuart Byron and Elisabeth Weis, Penguin, 1977
Annual Film Awards
- "'Inside Llewyn Davis' Dominates National Society of Film Critics Awards". TheWrap. January 4, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- "'Inside Llewyn Davis' wins National Society of Film Critics honors". Los Angeles Times. January 4, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
The society, which was founded in 1966 and includes principal critics from major papers and outlets, often disagrees with the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences over their top choices.
- Nelson, Valerie J. (2007-12-07). "Hollis Alpert, at 91; author cofounded film critic society". Los Angeles Times. Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-12-10.
- "2013 Awards: "Inside Llewyn Davis," Oscar Isaac, Cate Blanchett". National Society of Film Critics. January 4, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- "Who We Are". National Society of Film Critics. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- "National Society of Film Critics Offers a More Civil Awards-Season Alternative". Variety. January 9, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- "About the Society". National Society of Film Critics. Retrieved October 24, 2015.