National Space Council

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The National Space Council is a body within the Executive Office of the President of the United States that was created in 1989 during the administration of George H.W. Bush, disbanded in 1993, and re-established in June 2017 by President Donald Trump. It is a modified version of the earlier National Aeronautics and Space Council (1958-1973).

National Aeronautics and Space Council (NASC)[edit]

1958 - 1973[edit]

Established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, the NASC was chaired by the President of the United States (then Dwight Eisenhower). Other members included the Secretaries of State and Defense, the NASA Administrator, the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, plus up to four additional members (one from the federal government and up to three from private industry) chosen at the President's discretion.

The Council was allowed to employ a staff to be headed by a civilian executive secretary. Eisenhower did not use the NASC extensively during the remainder of his term, and recommended at the end of his last year in office, that it be abolished. He did not fill the post of executive secretary but named an acting secretary on loan from NASA. Shortly before assuming office, President-elect John F. Kennedy announced that he wanted his Vice President, Lyndon Johnson, to become chairman of the NASC, requiring an amendment to the Space Act.[1]

Edward Cristy Welsh was the first executive secretary of the NASC, appointed in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy. Welsh, who as a legislative aide to Senator Stuart Symington (D-Missouri) helped draft the 1958 legislation that created NASA and the NASC, spent the 1960s as the principal advisor to the White House on space issues. He also assisted in the development of the legislation that created the Communications Satellite Corporation (COMSAT). After his retirement in 1969, he remained active as an advisor to NASA.

National Space Council[edit]

1989 - 1993[edit]

George H.W. Bush created the National Space Council by "Executive Order 12675". The Council was chaired by Vice President Dan Quayle and included the following members:

Disbanding[edit]

On February 12, 1992, friction between the largely astronaut-based management at NASA and the National Space Council led to Richard Truly, then NASA Administrator and a former astronaut, being forced out. Truly was forced out after Vice President Quayle and the space council's executive director, Mark J. Albrecht, enlisted the aid of Samuel K. Skinner, the White House chief of staff, in urging Pres. Bush to remove Truly. Quayle and the council staff made the move because they felt Truly would impede a new plan to restructure and streamline many aspects of the space program, including the space agency administration.[2]

In 1993, the Space Council was disbanded and its functions absorbed by the National Science and Technology Council.[3]

In August 2008, when campaigning for president, Barack Obama promised to re-establish the National Aeronautics and Space Council.[4] However, he completed two terms as president without having done so.[5]

Revival[edit]

In October 2016, Bob Walker and Peter Navarro, two senior policy advisers to GOP presidential candidate Donald Trump, wrote in an op-ed in SpaceNews that if elected, Trump would reinstitute a national space policy council headed by the vice president.[6] In the first year of the Trump administration, Vice-President Mike Pence indicated that the space council would be re-established, and would have a significant involvement in the direction of America's activities in space.[7] On June 30, 2017, President Trump signed an executive order for such a reestablishment.[8][9][10][11]

The revived National Space Council consists of the following members: [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Day, Dwayne A. (June 21, 2004). "A new space council?". The Space Review. United States: Pocket Ventures, LLC. SpaceNews. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ Leary, Warren E. (February 15, 1992). "Quayle's Influence Seen in NASA Shake-Up". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved August 6, 2008. 
  3. ^ "National Space Policy". United States Department of Commerce. Washington, D.C.: Executive Office of the President of the United States. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Fox News - Breaking News Updates". Fox News. New York City: Fox Entertainment Group. Archived from the original on September 9, 2008. 
  5. ^ "The Obameter: Re-establish the National Aeronautics and Space Council - PolitiFact". PolitiFact.com. United States: Tampa Bay Times. August 2, 2010. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  6. ^ Walker, Robert S.; Navarro, Peter (October 19, 2016). "Op-ed Trump’s space policy reaches for Mars and the stars". SpaceNews. Alexandria, Virginia: Pocket Ventures, LLC. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  7. ^ Berger, Eric (June 30, 2017). "Trump to sign executive order creating a national space council". Ars Technica. United States: Condé Nast. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  8. ^ Berger, Eric (June 30, 2017). "No space for new space at Trump’s space council rollout". Ars Technica. United States: Condé Nast. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  9. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (June 30, 2017). "Presidential Executive Order on Reviving the National Space Council". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  10. ^ Ware, Doug C. (June 30, 2017). "Trump orders resurrection of National Space Council". UPI. Washington, D.C.: News World Communications. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  11. ^ Space News Staff (June 30, 2017). "President Trump reestablishes National Space Council". SpaceNews. Alexandria, Virginia: Pocket Ventures, LLC. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Presidential Executive Order on Reviving the National Space Council". whitehouse.gov. 2017-06-30. Retrieved 2017-07-06.