List of national stadiums
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Many countries have a national sport stadium, which typically serves as the primary or exclusive home for one or more of a country's national representative sports teams. The term is most often used in reference to an association football stadium. Usually, a national stadium will be in or very near a country's capital city or largest city. It is generally (but not always) the country's largest and most lavish sports venue with a rich history of hosting a major moment in sports (i.e. FIFA World Cup, Olympics, etc.). In many, but not all cases, it is also used by a local team. Many countries, including Spain and the United States, do not have a national stadium designated as such; instead matches are rotated throughout the country. The lack of a national stadium can be seen as advantageous as designating a single stadium would limit the fan base capable of realistically attending matches as well as the concern of the cost of transportation, especially in the case of the United States due to its geographical size and high population.
A list of national stadiums follows:
- 1 Afghanistan
- 2 Albania
- 3 Algeria
- 4 American Samoa
- 5 Andorra
- 6 Angola
- 7 Antigua and Barbuda
- 8 Argentina
- 9 Armenia
- 10 Australia
- 11 Austria
- 12 Azerbaijan
- 13 Bahamas
- 14 Bahrain
- 15 Bangladesh
- 16 Barbados
- 17 Belarus
- 18 Belgium
- 19 Belize
- 20 Benin
- 21 Bermuda
- 22 Bhutan
- 23 Bolivia
- 24 Bosnia and Herzegovina
- 25 Botswana
- 26 Brazil
- 27 Brunei Darussalam
- 28 Bulgaria
- 29 Burkina Faso
- 30 Burundi
- 31 Cambodia
- 32 Cameroon
- 33 Canada
- 34 Central African Republic
- 35 Chad
- 36 Chile
- 37 People's Republic of China
- 38 Colombia
- 39 Comoros
- 40 Democratic Republic of the Congo
- 41 Republic of the Congo
- 42 Cook Islands
- 43 Costa Rica
- 44 Croatia
- 45 Cuba
- 46 Cyprus
- 47 Czech Republic
- 48 Denmark
- 49 Djibouti
- 50 Dominica
- 51 Dominican Republic
- 52 East Timor
- 53 Ecuador
- 54 Egypt
- 55 El Salvador
- 56 Equatorial Guinea
- 57 Eritrea
- 58 Estonia
- 59 Ethiopia
- 60 Faroe Islands
- 61 Fiji
- 62 Finland
- 63 France
- 64 Gabon
- 65 The Gambia
- 66 Georgia
- 67 Germany
- 68 Ghana
- 69 Greece
- 70 Greenland
- 71 Grenada
- 72 Guatemala
- 73 Guinea
- 74 Guinea-Bissau
- 75 Guyana
- 76 Haiti
- 77 Honduras
- 78 Hong Kong
- 79 Hungary
- 80 Iceland
- 81 India
- 82 Indonesia
- 83 Iran
- 84 Iraq
- 85 Ireland
- 86 Israel
- 87 Italy
- 88 Ivory Coast
- 89 Jamaica
- 90 Japan
- 91 Kenya
- 92 Kiribati
- 93 Republic of Korea
- 94 Democratic People's Republic of Korea
- 95 Kurdistan
- 96 Kyrgyzstan
- 97 Lesotho
- 98 Lebanon
- 99 Luxembourg
- 100 Liechtenstein
- 101 Lithuania
- 102 Macau
- 103 Macedonia
- 104 Malaysia
- 105 Mali
- 106 Malta
- 107 Martinique
- 108 Mexico
- 109 Moldova
- 110 Monaco
- 111 Montenegro
- 112 Morocco
- 113 Namibia
- 114 Netherlands
- 115 Nicaragua
- 116 Nigeria
- 117 Norway
- 118 Pakistan
- 119 Palau
- 120 Panama
- 121 Papua New Guinea
- 122 Paraguay
- 123 Peru
- 124 Philippines
- 125 Poland
- 126 Portugal
- 127 Romania
- 128 Russia
- 129 Saint Kitts and Nevis
- 130 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- 131 Serbia
- 132 Singapore
- 133 Somalia
- 134 Spain
- 135 Sierra Leone
- 136 South Africa
- 137 South Korea
- 138 Suriname
- 139 Sweden
- 140 Switzerland
- 141 Syria
- 142 Taiwan
- 143 Tajikistan
- 144 Tanzania
- 145 Thailand
- 146 Trinidad and Tobago
- 147 Turkey
- 148 Turkmenistan
- 149 Tunisia
- 150 Uganda
- 151 Ukraine
- 152 United Kingdom
- 153 United States
- 154 Uruguay
- 155 Vatican City
- 156 Venezuela
- 157 Vietnam
- 158 Zimbabwe
- 159 References
Antigua and Barbuda
- Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti (football)
- Estadio Multipropósito Parque Roca (basketball and tennis)
- Estadio Nacional de Hockey (field hockey)
- Campo Argentino de Polo (polo)
- CeNARD (athletics)
- Estadio José Amalfitani, also known as Vélez Sársfield (rugby union)—Although the national team plays Tests at several venues around the country, most of their home Tests against teams in the Six Nations and Tri Nations are held here.
Australia does not have an official national stadium, yet its two biggest stadiums alternate hosting large events are the following:
- Melbourne Cricket Ground (Cricket and Australian rules football) - currently the largest sporting venue in Australia and the largest in the Southern Hemisphere with a capacity of 100,024.
- Stadium Australia, currently known under a sponsorship deal as 'ANZ Stadium', the 2000 Sydney Olympic Stadium (Rugby League, Rugby Union, football (soccer) and Australian rules football) with a capacity of 84,000. There exists a popular rivalry between ANZ Stadium and the MCG due to lasting rivalries between football codes and the respective cities. There was an implied claim to being the new national stadium when it opened in 1999 with the name 'Stadium Australia'. Cricket is no longer played at the venue, while Australian rules will not be played there beyond 2016.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil does not have an official national stadium. Large sports events (mostly football) are commonly held in alternate venues. However, during reconstruction for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and as the capital city's and country's greatest stadium, the name Estádio Nacional (Portuguese for National Stadium) was added to the old Mané Garrincha stadium, leaving its official name as Estádio Nacional de Brasília Mané Garrincha, even though it isn't act as a solo national stadium.
The largest and most well known stadium in Brazil is Estádio do Maracanã located at Rio de Janeiro. The Brazil national football team have most of their high-profile matches taken place in the Maracanã and the venue has hosted multiple World Cup and Copa America matches in its history including the two World Cup finals that Brazil has hosted (1950 and 2014).
- Air Canada Centre (basketball)
- BC Place (multiple sports)
- BMO Field (Canada men's national soccer team)
- Maple Leaf Cricket Club (cricket)
- Rogers Centre (baseball)
- Shamrock Field (Gaelic games)
- Canada does not have a national stadium/arena for ice hockey. The national team plays at several venues throughout the country. Likewise, Canadian football and lacrosse, two prominent sports unique to Canadian culture, play at multiple venues across the nation.
Central African Republic
People's Republic of China
Chinese football (soccer) national team does not have a national stadium. The team plays games in Beijing Workers Stadium, Shanghai Hongkou Stadium, Nanjing Olympic Sports Center, or Kunming Tuodong Sports Center.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
No national stadium
- Stade de France (football, rugby union, and athletics)
- The German national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country. However, the venue for the German Cup Final is the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. As a multipurpose stadium, the Olympic stadium also hosts international athletic competitions and is planned to be the venue for the final of the 2018 American Football European Championship among other events.
- Puskás Ferenc Stadium (it is in need of renovation - until this time the Groupama Arena is hosting most international matches.)
- National Stadium, Delhi (Field Hockey)
- Salt Lake Stadium (football)
- Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (football)
|Aviva Stadium||Irish Rugby Football Union
Football Association of Ireland
|rugby union and association football||The IRFU is all-island while the FAI is restricted to the Republic. The IRFU owns the land but the stadium built on it is jointly owned by both bodies.|
|Croke Park||Gaelic Athletic Association||Gaelic games and international rules football||The GAA is all-island|
|Morton Stadium||National Sports Campus Development Authority||athletics||Athletics Ireland is all-island, although Athletics Northern Ireland is linked to both Athletics Ireland and UK Athletics.|
|National Stadium||Irish Amateur Boxing Association||boxing||The IABA is all-island|
|National Basketball Arena||Basketball Ireland||basketball||Basketball Ireland is all-island|
|National Indoor Arena||National Sports Campus Development Authority||various indoor sports||Construction began at the National Sports Campus in 2015.|
|National Aquatic Centre||National Sports Campus Development Authority||aquatics||Swim Ireland uses but does not own the venue, which is part of the National Sports Campus.|
|National Horse Arena||National Sports Campus Development Authority||equestrianism||Horse Sport Ireland uses but does not own the venue, which is part of the National Sports Campus.|
The following venues are "designated national sporting arenas" for the purposes of Section 21 of the Intoxicating Liquor Act 2003 (which regulates sale of alcohol at sports venues): National Stadium, Croke Park, Semple Stadium, Royal Dublin Society, Aviva Stadium, Thomond Park.
- Teddy Stadium (football)
- Sammy Ofer Stadium (football)
- Nokia Arena (basketball)
- Canada Stadium (Tennis)
- The Italian national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country.
- Stadio Olimpico (Olympics and rugby union)
- Tokyo Dome (baseball)
- Koshien Stadium (baseball)
- National Stadium (football and athletics)
- International Stadium Yokohama (football)
- Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium (rugby union)—The Japan national team plays matches at several venues around the country, but Chichibunomiya is the most commonly used, and the country's national federation is headquartered here.
- Kokugikan (Sumo)
- Nyayo National Stadium
- Kasarani National Stadium
Republic of Korea
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
- Stadium Negara
- Bukit Jalil National Stadium (Football and Athletics)
- National Hockey Stadium (Field Hockey)
- Estadio Azteca (football)
- Estadio Olimpico Universitario (athletics)
- Revolution Ice Rink (ice hockey)
- Mexico does not have a national arena/stadium for baseball or basketball. Mexico's national baseball and basketball teams play at various venues throughout the country.
The Moroccan national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country, however they have most of their high-profile matches taking place in Marrakesh Stadium, Stade Mohammed V or Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium.
- Olympisch Stadion (athletics)
- The national football team has no dedicated stadium. It plays at venues around the country. However the most commonly used stadium is the Amsterdam ArenA in Amsterdam, home to Eredivisie club Ajax.
- Godswill Akpabio International Stadium (football and other sports)
- Abuja Stadium (football and other sports)
- Lagos National Stadium (football and other sports)
Papua New Guinea
- Rizal Memorial Sports Complex (Manila)
- Stadion Śląski (Silesian Stadium) in Chorzów (football) - this stadium was previously designated by Polish Football Association as Poland national football team's official national stadium. It is currently being renovated.
- Stadion Narodowy (football) - home stadium of Poland national football team.
- National Rugby Stadium, rugby union national stadium
- Estádio do Jamor (football and athletics). However, the national football team very seldom plays there.
- Estádio Universitário de Lisboa (rugby union)
- Arena Națională (football)
- Stadionul Național de Rugby (rugby union) — The national team plays occasional matches at other venues around the country, but the vast majority of matches are held here.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- The Spanish national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country. However, it uses three stadiums frequently for exhibition and tournament qualification matches: Camp Nou (home ground of FC Barcelona) is the biggest stadium in Spain and in Europe, Santiago Bernabéu Stadium (Real Madrid) has hosted important games like the 1982 FIFA World Cup Final, as well as it is located in its capital, and finally, Estadio Olímpico de Sevilla, in Seville.
- Estadio Nacional Complutense (rugby union)
The national football, rugby union and cricket teams all play at various venues throughout South Africa. However, these are the de facto national stadiums:
- Soccer City (football)
- Newlands (rugby union)
- The Wanderers (cricket)
- Randburg Astroturf (field hockey)
- Friends Arena (men's football)
- Gamla Ullevi (women's football)
- Tele2 Arena (American football, speedway)
- Stockholms Stadion (athletics)
- Ericsson Globe (ice hockey)
- Lugnet (nordic skiing)
- Åre Ski Area (alpine skiing)
- Stadium Arena (basketball)
- Nya Örvallen (baseball)
- Eriksdalsbadet (swimming)
- Stade de Suisse (Football)
Trinidad and Tobago
- Stade Olympique de Rades (football and athletics)
- Stade El Menzah (football)
- Stade Mustapha Ben Jannet (football)
- Salle Omnisport de Rades (Basketball), (Handball) and (Volleyball)
Team sports in the United Kingdom are often governed by bodies representing the Home Nations of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland – with some sports organised on an All-Ireland basis. In international sporting events these sports are contested not by a team representing the United Kingdom, but by teams representing the separate home nations, and as a result there are separate national stadiums for many sports.
- Lord's Cricket Ground (cricket)
- Twickenham (rugby union)
- Wembley Stadium (football, rugby league)
- National Badminton Centre (badminton)
- Millennium Stadium (rugby union and football)
- SWALEC Stadium (cricket)
- Cardiff City Stadium (football)
- Like Spain, Brazil, Germany or Italy, the US national soccer team has no dedicated stadium or arena. They play at different venues throughout the country for exhibition or tournament purposes. However, 21 games have been held on RFK Stadium in the country's capital, Washington, D.C., more than any other venue in the country, which led to suggestions that RFK Memorial is the de facto national stadium. The women's soccer team also has no dedicated venue.
- USA Hockey has designated home arenas for some of its teams. The national under-17 and under-18 boys' teams play home games at Ann Arbor Ice Cube in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The national sled hockey team trains at Bill Gray's Regional Iceplex in Brighton, New York and plays most of its home games at HarborCenter in Buffalo, New York, the last of which has also hosted numerous other USA Hockey events.
- Most of the most popular sports in the United States do not rely on a single national stadium, instead rotating the highest profile contests among various neutral sites.
- Augusta National Golf Club (golf)—Augusta, home of The Masters, is the only one of the three U.S.-based major golf tournaments to be held at a constant venue year after year; the U.S. Open and PGA Championship are both held at rotating venues.
- Auto racing, although its leading competitions are both touring circuits, feature flagship races at de facto national speedways: Indianapolis Motor Speedway for open-wheel racing, Circuit of the Americas for Formula One, and Daytona International Speedway for stock car racing.
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (August 2009)
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- Bill Simmons "Every big American soccer game should be played in RFK." News: ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2011-12-24.