National Stock Exchange (Jersey City, New Jersey)

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This article is about the stock exchange formerly based in New Jersey, United States. For similarly named exchanges, see National Stock Exchange of India and National Stock Exchange of Australia.
National Stock Exchange
Type Electronic stock exchange
Location Jersey City, New Jersey, United States
Founded March 1885 in Cincinnati, Ohio as the Cincinnati Stock Exchange
Currency United States dollar
Indices NSX

The National Stock Exchange (NSX) is an electronic stock exchange based in Jersey City, New Jersey.[1] It was founded March 1885 in Cincinnati, Ohio, as the Cincinnati Stock Exchange.[2]

Iin 1995 it moved headquarters to Chicago, Illinois, and it was renamed the National Stock Exchange in 2003. After demutualizing in 2006, it moved headquarters to Jersey City.[3] In 2011, CBOE Stock Exchange acquired the National Stock Exchange, with both exchanges operating under separate names.[4] The NSX ceased trading operations on February 1, 2017, when it was acquired by the New York Stock Exchange, with plans to re-open trading at an unknown time.[5]

History[edit]

Early name changes[edit]

National Stock Exchange was founded March 1885 in Cincinnati, Ohio, as the Cincinnati Stock Exchange.[2] In 1976, it closed its physical trading floor and became an all-electronic stock market.[6] The Cincinnati Stock Exchange moved its headquarters to Chicago in 1995, and changed its name to the National Stock Exchange - NSX - on November 7, 2003. Owned by its members since inception, it demutualized in 2006. It later moved its headquarters to Jersey City, New Jersey.[3] In September 2011, CBOE Stock Exchange (CBSX) entered into an agreement to acquire the National Stock Exchange. The acquisition was completed on December 30, 2011 with both exchanges to operate under separate names. The National Stock Exchange continued to be based in Jersey City.[4]

2014-2015 shutdown[edit]

In May 2014, the exchange "changed its pricing structure to charge both sides of a trade a fee for securities priced $1 or more, a departure from other public venues that usually charge one side and pay a rebate to another." With David Harris as chief executive officer,[7] the National Stock Exchange ceased trading operations on May 30, 2014.[8] The exchange stated in a release that it, "continues to be registered as a national securities exchange under Section 6 of the Securities Exchange Act (the "Act") and remains a self-regulatory organization. All NSX rules remain in full force and effect." The closure brought the number of active stock exchanges in the United States to 11, as the CBOE Stock Exchange had closed the month prior. Wrote Bloomberg, "just one public exchange, Chicago Stock Exchange Inc., that isn’t owned Bats, Nasdaq OMX Group Inc. or IntercontinentalExchange Group Inc." [7] On February 24, 2015, the NSX was bought by a private entity known as National Stock Exchange Holdings.[9] Trading resumed on December 22, 2015.[10]

NYSE acquisition[edit]

The New York Stock Exchange announced it has entered into an agreement to acquire the NSX, subject to Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approval. The NSX ceased trading operations on February 1, 2017. NYSE plans to bring it back on its new trading platform Pillar, some time in the distant future.[5]

Previous exchanges named NSX[edit]

Two previous exchanges, both located in New York City, operated as the National Stock Exchange. The first exchange operated for seven months to September 1869.[11] The other, owned by the New York Mercantile Exchange, traded from about 1962 to 1974.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chapman, Peter (8 February 2013). "New NSX Order Type Cuts Out ECNs". Traders Magazine Online News. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Cincinnati's Stock Exchange". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 1885-03-10. Retrieved 2007-11-07. 
  3. ^ a b National Stock Exchange. "Going "National"". Archived from the original on 2007-06-26. Retrieved 2007-11-07. 
  4. ^ a b "CBOE Stock Exchange Completes Acquisition of National Stock Exchange". CBOE Stock Exchange Press Release. 9 January 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "NYSE Group to Cease Operations of National Stock Exchange upon Closing of Transaction" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-01-19. 
  6. ^ Frank Fabozzi, ed. (2008). Handbook of Finance, Financial Markets and Instruments, Volume 1. John Wiley: New York. ISBN 0-470-07814-6.
  7. ^ a b Mamudi, Sam (2014-05-02). "National Stock Exchange Files With SEC to Halt Operations". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  8. ^ http://www.nsx.com/content/news/story/240.html#October102014
  9. ^ "National Stock Exchange Holdings Inc. Completes Acquisition of National Stock Exchange, Inc.". 
  10. ^ "The National Stock Exchange Re-Launches Trading Operations". 
  11. ^ Kirby Faciane (2008). Stock Exchange Organization. H.C. Baird: Philadelphia. ISBN 0-9788208-6-X.

External links[edit]