National Taiwan Normal University

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National Taiwan Normal University
國立臺灣師範大學
Logo of NTNU
Former name
Taihoku College (1922)
Taiwan Provincial College (1946)
Taiwan Provincial Normal University (1955)
Motto誠正勤樸[1]
Motto in English
Sincerity, Justice, Diligence, and Simplicity[2]
TypePublic (National)
Established1922
PresidentCheng-Chih Wu
(吳正己)
Academic staff
1,163 (693 full-time)
Students16,802[3]
Undergraduates7,919
Postgraduates7,162
LocationTaipei (Main Campus & Gongguan Campus) &
New Taipei (Linkou Campus)
, Taiwan
CampusUrban: Main Campus & Gongguan Campus
Rural: Linkou Campus
ColoursBlue and Red
         
AffiliationsNational Taiwan University System (國立臺灣大學系統)
AAPBS[4]
WebsiteEnglish, Chinese
National Taiwan Normal University logo name.svg
National Taiwan Normal University
Traditional Chinese國立臺灣師範大學
Simplified Chinese国立台湾师范大学

National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU; Chinese: 國立臺灣師範大學; pinyin: Guólì Táiwān Shīfàn Dàxué),[5] or Shīdà , is an institution of higher education and normal school operating out of three campuses in Taipei, Taiwan. NTNU was ranked 6th overall in Taiwan in 2018,[6] was internationally ranked in the 308th spot in 2018 QS World University Rankings,[7] 501-600th in 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings[8] and ranked in 900-1000th in 2018 Academic Ranking of World Universities,[9] and NTNU is widely recognized as one of Taiwan's comprehensive and elite higher education institutions. NTNU is affiliated with National Taiwan University and National Taiwan University of Science and Technology as part of the National Taiwan University System.[10] NTNU is an official member of AAPBS.[11]

The university enrolls approximately 17,000 students each year. Approximately 1,500 students are international.[12]

History[edit]

NTNU Lecture Hall

The National Taiwan Normal University opened its doors in the early 20th century during Japanese rule in Taiwan. Taiwan's Japanese governors established the school as Taiwan Provincial College. Soon after they gave it the name Taihoku College (Taihoku is "Taipei" in Japanese). The school's purpose was to nurture a native educated class qualified to assist the government in matters of administration. Many buildings on the university's main campus date from the Japanese colonial period, including the Administration Building, the Lecture Hall, Wenhui Hall and Puzi Hall. Japanese civil engineers incorporated features of the Neo-Classical, Gothic and Gothic Revival styles often encountered on European university campuses. A room in the Lecture Hall housed the traditional Japanese document that authorizes and formalizes campus construction.[13]

In 1946 China's Kuomintang government assumed control of Taiwan and redefined the school as Taiwan Provincial Teachers’ College. Some school publications still display 1946 as the institution's founding date in reference to this regime change. A number of Taiwan's leading authors, poets, artists, educators, musicians, and researchers have passed through the university's doors as students and faculty. Puru, a famous painter and cousin to the last emperor of China, was a professor in the art department from 1950 to 1963.[14] In 1956 the Mandarin Training Center opened its doors as an extension of the college. The school acquired its present name, National Taiwan Normal University, in 1967. By now the school had established itself as a recognized center of learning in arts, literature and the humanities; its fundamental mission, though, remained the preparation of teachers.

As Taiwanese society made its shift from authoritarian rule to democracy in the 1990s, the university saw its role transformed by passage of the 1994 Teacher Preparation Law. The law gave more schools responsibility for teacher training and set NTNU on its present course as a truly comprehensive university. New departments were created, course offerings and majors were expanded, and new faculty were hired. The university became a hub of international activity, enabling Taiwanese students to travel abroad, attracting international students to Taipei, and building exchange programs with dozens of sister institutions around the world.[12]

University structure[edit]

Apo Hsu and the NTNU Symphony Orchestra plays Saint-Saens's Organ Symphony in Taiwan's National Concert Hall.
NTNU Linkou Campus

NTNU occupies three campuses in downtown Taipei: the historic Da'an campus/main campus (home of the Administration Building, Main Library, Music & Lecture Hall, Language Building, Athletic Center); the Gongguan campus (home of the College of Science); the Linkou campus[12] and the University library campus hosting the school of continuing education.[15] Academic programs at NTNU are administered by 10 colleges: arts, education, international studies & social sciences, liberal arts, management, music, science, sports & recreation, and technology & engineering.

In 2006 the school published the following figures[12] for students enrolled and employees retained.

  • Students enrolled 11,055
  • Undergraduate students 6,942
  • Graduate students 4,113
  • International Students (including Culture Center) 1,499
  • Full-time Faculty 693
  • Part-time Faculty 470
  • Staff 492

The university also runs the Affiliated Senior High School of National Taiwan Normal University, a daughter institution for secondary-school students in Taiwan.

International programs[edit]

The NTNU Language Studies Building houses the Mandarin Training Center

Internationally NTNU is best known for its Mandarin Training Center (formerly known as the Center for Chinese Language and Cultural Studies), a program founded in 1956 for the study of Mandarin Chinese to foreign students. The Mandarin Training Center represents one of the world's oldest and most distinguished programs for language study, attracting more than a thousand students from over sixty countries to Taiwan each year and making the Shida area of Taipei one of the city's most cosmopolitan.[12] Courses in language, literature, calligraphy, art and martial arts are offered in a series of three-month terms throughout the year, enabling international students to undertake language studies during summer breaks and within single semesters. The center also sponsors travel, hosts speech contests, and stages workshops and performances for a variety of East Asian arts. A Mandarin Training Center Alumni Association (MTCAA) has been operating since 1998.

Other international highlights recently at NTNU include the International Chemistry Olympiad hosted by the university in 2005 and the merger of NTNU with the University Preparatory School for Overseas Chinese Students in 2006.

NTNU also participates in the Biodiversity Program of the Taiwan International Graduate Program of Academia Sinica, Taiwan's most preeminent academic research institution.

NTNU nurtures a robust system of partnerships to enable this level of international study. Among the institutions that enjoy sister relationships with NTNU are the Universidade de Sao Paulo in Brazil, La Universidad Nacional de Asuncion in Paraguay, Georgetown University, Johns Hopkins University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, Radford University, Rutgers University, San Diego State University, San Francisco State University, University of California – Los Angeles, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Iowa and University of Pittsburgh in the US, the University of Alberta, University of British Columbia and Simon Fraser University in Canada, the University of Glasgow and University of London in the UK, the Denis Diderot University and University of Poitiers in France, University of Bonn and University of Heidelberg in Germany, the Vienna University of Music and Performing Arts in Austria, the RSM Erasmus University in the Netherlands, the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Poland, and the Babes-Bolyai University in Romania, to name a few.[16] NTNU's connections in the Asia-Pacific region are particularly extensive, including dozens of academic institutions representing South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, and New Zealand.[17]

NTNU Main Library (outside at night)

List of NTNU People[edit]

Notable Faculty[18][edit]

Notable Alumni[19][edit]

Mandarin Training Center Alumni[edit]

Nomenclature[edit]

The standard short reference in English to the National Taiwan Normal University is the acronym NTNU. In Mandarin Chinese the short form is a portmanteau: Shi1da4. This form, romanized as "Shida", also appears in many Taipei place names (Shida Night Market, Shida Road, Shida Bookstore, etc.) that indicate a location on or near the main campus.

The word normal in the university's English name represents a now somewhat archaic form of reference to teacher training. A "normal school" trains future teachers in educational norms. While this form is now rarely seen in English-language settings, it remains common in Chinese-language university nomenclature.

MTC is the standard acronym for the Mandarin Training Center.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "校訓" [School Motto] (in Chinese). NTNU. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
  2. ^ "Classroom Buildings(Cheng)". NTNU. Archived from the original on 2005-02-04. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  3. ^ http://en.ntnu.edu.tw/aboutus.php
  4. ^ http://www.aapbs.org/membership/list.html
  5. ^ The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order. By English grammar rules, it is National Normal University of Taiwan.
  6. ^ "All 124 Universities in Taiwan | Rankings & Reviews 2018". LanguageCourse.Net. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  7. ^ "National Taiwan Normal University". Top Universities. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  8. ^ https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/national-taiwan-normal-university
  9. ^ "ARWU World Top 500 Candidates | ARWU World University Rankings 2018 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018 | Top 500 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2018". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  10. ^ "國立臺灣大學系統". triangle.ntu.edu.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  11. ^ "::: Association of Asia-Pacific Business Schools :::". www.aapbs.org (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  12. ^ a b c d e Exploring the World at NTNU Accessed 2006-12-08
  13. ^ Public historical marker at NTNU Lecture Hall, Viewed 2007-08-04
  14. ^ "溥儒 (溥心畬) - 享譽國際的中國書畫大師 Pu Ru (Pu Hsin-Yu) - Chinese Poet, Calligraphy & Painting Master". www.art-virtue.com. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  15. ^ Hao-Yu, NTNU Extension, School of Continuing Education: Wu,. "國立臺灣師範大學進修推廣學院". www.sce.ntnu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  16. ^ school website, NTNU. "Partner Institutions". NTNU school website.
  17. ^ List of Partner Institutions Accessed 2015-09-03
  18. ^ "NTNU-Resources&Offices". en.ntnu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  19. ^ "NTNU-Resources&Offices". en.ntnu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2018-08-10.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°01′33″N 121°31′36″E / 25.0258°N 121.5266°E / 25.0258; 121.5266