National Taiwan University

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National Taiwan University
國立臺灣大學
National Taiwan University Logo.jpg
Seal of the National Taiwan University
Motto 敦品勵學,愛國愛人 Dūnpǐn Lìxué, àiguó àirén
Motto in English Integrity, Diligence, Fidelity, Compassion[1]
Established Founded 1928[a]
Reorganized 1945
Type Public (National)
President Yang, Pan-Chyr (楊泮池)
Academic staff 1,793 (full time),
1,188 (joint and adjunct)
Undergraduates 17,706
Postgraduates 15,710
Location Taipei, Taiwan
25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536Coordinates: 25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536
Campus Urban,
1.6 km² (Greater Taipei combined),
344 km² (Nantou County combined)
Former names Taihoku Imperial University
Affiliations ASAIHL
AACSB
Website www.ntu.edu.tw/english
National Taiwan University
Simplified Chinese 国立台湾大学
Traditional Chinese 國立臺灣大學
Taihoku Imperial University
Simplified Chinese 台北帝国大学
Traditional Chinese 臺北帝國大學

National Taiwan University (NTU; Chinese: 國立臺灣大學; pinyin: Guólì Táiwān Dàxué) is a national co-educational research university located in Taipei, Taiwan. In Taiwan, it is colloquially known as "Táidà" (台大). Its 1,086,167 m2 main campus is located in Taipei's Da'an District. In addition, the university has 6 other campuses in Taipei and elsewhere, with a total area of 345,830,000 m2.[2] The University consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 103 graduate institutes and 4 research centers.[3] In 2010, the student body consisted of 17,514 undergraduate students and 15,824 graduate students.[4]

The university was founded in 1928 by the Japanese administration during the Japanese colonial era and was then known as the Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University. After World War II, the government of the Republic of China resumed the administration of Taihoku University and reorganized and renamed it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.[5]

NTU is often considered to be among the most prestigious universities in Taiwan. It has strong ties with the Academia Sinica.[citation needed]

History[edit]

NTU Central Administration Building

National Taiwan University has its origins in the Taihoku Imperial University (Japanese: 臺北帝國大學, Taihoku Teikoku Daigaku) founded by Taiwan's Japanese colonial government in 1928 as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japan.[5]

The school's first president was Taira Shidehara. The Taihoku Imperial University began with a Faculty of Liberal Arts and Law and a Faculty of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The university was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Engineering were added in 1935 and 1943, respectively.[5]

After World War II the government of the Republic of China reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed National Taiwan University on 15 November 1945 and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president. In 1962, joint projects with the Academia Sinica were initiated. An evening division was established in 1967.[5] Between 1972 and 1975, the Philosophy Department Incident took place during the White Terror period authoritarian rule, resulting in the dismissal of several professors.[6]

A new university library opened in 1998.[7] In 1999, the evening division and the Center of Continuing Education merged to form the Division of Continuing Education & Professional Development. Lee Si-Chen, the current president, took office in 2005.[5]

Academics[edit]

NTU offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctorate degrees in many disciplines. Students are able to select courses offered by any of the colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score. In recent years, medicine, electrical engineering, law, and finance have been the most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while the dental and the medical degree take six and seven years to finish, respectively.

NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for male students, but it is a prerequisite if they plan to apply to become officers during their compulsory military service.

The total number of students, including those enrolled at the School of Professional and Continuing Studies, has grown to over 33,000, including over 17,000 university students and 15,000 graduate students. The university staff and students produced over 5000 research publications in 2010.[8]

Organization[edit]

The original building housing National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei

The president heads the university. Each college is headed by a dean, and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

The colleges in NTU are:

  • College of Liberal Arts
  • College of Science
  • College of Social Sciences
  • College of Medicine
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Bio-resource and Agriculture
  • College of Management
  • College of Public Health
  • College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  • College of Law
  • College of Life Science
  • School of Dentistry
  • School of Pharmacy
  • School of Veterinary Medicine

The International Chinese Language Program (ICLP), founded by Stanford University, is located at National Taiwan University.

Campuses[edit]

A lake in the main campus

The university has six campuses in the greater Taipei region (including New Taipei City) and two additional campuses in Nantou County, amounting to nearly 1% of the total area of the island Taiwan.[citation needed] The university governs farms, forests, and hospitals for education and research purposes.

The main campus (interactive map) is in Taipei's Daan district near Gongguan, where most college department buildings and all the administrative buildings are. Notable exceptions are the College of Social Science, and the College of Medicine, which are near the Presidential Building.

The six campuses are:

  • Main Campus (No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • College of Social Sciences and Public Health (No. 21, XuZhou Road, Taipei)
  • College of Medicine (No. 1, Sec. 1, RenAi Road, Taipei)
  • University Hospital (No. 7, ZhongShan South Road, Taipei)
  • University Farm (No. 7, Jiu-kuang Road, Xindian, New Taipei)
  • Wenshan Botanical Garden (No. 4, Lei-kung Po, Geh-tou Tsun, Shiding, New Taipei)

Research stations[edit]

The three research stations are:

  • Highland Farm (No. 136, Jen-heh Road, Ta-tung Tsun, Jen-ai, Nan-tou County)
  • Experimental Forest
  • Department of Forestry (No. 12, Sec.1, Chien-shan Road, Shiang-shan, Nan-tou County)

University presidents[edit]

Presidents of Taihoku Imperial University:

Presidents of National Taiwan University:

  • Lo Tsung-lo (羅宗洛): August 1945 - July 1946
  • Lu Chih-houng (陸志鴻): August 1946 - May 1948
  • Chuang Chang-kung (莊長恭): June 1948 - December 1948
  • Fu Szu-nien (傅斯年): January 1949 - December 1950
  • Shen Kang-po (沈剛伯): December 1950 - January 1951
  • Chien Szu-liang (錢思亮): January 1951 - May 1970
  • Yen Cheng-hsing (閻振興): June 1970 - July 1981
  • Yu Chao-Chung (虞兆中): August 1981 - July 1984
  • Sun Chen (孫震): August 1984 - February 1993
  • Kou Guang-hsiung (郭光雄): March 1993 - July 1993
  • Chen Wei-Jao (陳維昭): August 1993 - June 2005
  • Lee Si-Chen (李嗣涔): August 2005 - June 2013
  • Yang Pan-Chyr (楊泮池): June 2013 - present

University rankings[edit]

University rankings
Global
ARWU[9] 101-150
Times[10] 142
QS[11] 82
Asia
ARWU[12] 7-14
Times[13] 14
QS (World version)[14]
QS (Asian version)[15]
15
22

NTU is generally considered to be one of the best universities in Taiwan. The QS World University Rankings (2013/14) placed it at 82nd worldwide, making it 15th in Asia.[16] The independent regional QS Asian University Rankings (2013) considered it 22nd.[17] It was the best of all Taiwanese tertiary institutions in both rankings. Meanwhile, the university was at 142nd in the world and 14th in Asia in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings (2013–14),[18] and 51st-60th in its World Reputation Rankings,[19] both of which regarded it as the first in Taiwan. Moreover, the ARWU (2013) listed it at a position among 101-150th globally and the best in both Taiwan and Greater China.[20] In addition, Nature Publishing Index gives NTU 2nd rank in Taiwan.[21]

Status and alumni[edit]

Yuan T. Lee received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Ma Ying-jeou, the current president of Taiwan


National Taiwan University has produced many notable alumni. Ma Ying-jeou, the current President of the Republic of China as of 2012, as well as former presidents Lee Teng-hui and Chen Shui-bian, are graduates from NTU.[22][23][24] Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee received his BSc from the university.[25] Over 40 NTU alumni were elected as members of US National Academy of Engineering or US National Academy of Science.

Other alumni include:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ as Taihoku Imperial University

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "University Motto". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  2. ^ National Taiwan University_Campus Location & Area
  3. ^ "About NTU". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Table 20: Number of students in each academic year,1945-2010". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "National Taiwan University, (2007) " NTU history
  6. ^ 周俊宇 (Chun-yu Chou). "台大哲學系事件 (NTU Philosophy Department Incident)". Council for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "History". NTU Library. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "NTU Statistics". Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Top 400 – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013–2014". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  11. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2013 Top 100". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  14. ^ "QS World University Rankings (extracting Asian universities from the list for counting this position)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  15. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". 
  17. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings (2013)". 
  18. ^ "Times Higher Education University Rankings (2013-14)". 
  19. ^ "Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings (2012-13)". 
  20. ^ "ARWU 2013". 
  21. ^ "Nature Publishing Index (2013)". 
  22. ^ "Biography". Office of the President, Republic of China. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  23. ^ "Lee Teng-hui". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  24. ^ "Chen Shui-bian (1950-)". Office of the President, Republic of China. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  25. ^ "Yuan T. Lee - Biography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  26. ^ "Benjamin S. Hsiao Named Vice President for Research at Stony Brook University". Retrieved 12 July 2012. 

External links[edit]