National Taiwan University

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National Taiwan University
國立臺灣大學
National Taiwan University seal.svg
Seal of the National Taiwan University
Former names
Taihoku Imperial University
Motto敦品勵學,愛國愛人 Dūnpǐn Lìxué, àiguó àirén
Motto in English
Integrity, Diligence, Fidelity, Compassion[1]
TypePublic (National)
EstablishedFounded in March 16, 1928[a]
Reorganized in November 15, 1945
Endowment$16,961,335,047 NTD
PresidentKuan Chung-ming
Academic staff
2,029 (2020-2021)[2]
Administrative staff
6,765 (2020-2021)
Students32,974 (2020-2021)
Undergraduates16,773 (2020-2021)
Postgraduates12,533 (2020-2021)
3,668 (2020-2021)
Location,
25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536Coordinates: 25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536
CampusUrban,
1.6 km2 (0.62 sq mi) (Greater Taipei combined);
344 km2 (133 sq mi) (Nantou County combined)
ColorsMaroon and gold   [3]
AffiliationsHarvard-Yenching Institute[4]
APRU
AEARU
ASAIHL
AACSB-Accredited
EUTW
National Taiwan University System
Global research & industry alliance (Gloria) of Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China
Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities
Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research
PACIBER[5]
AAPBS
EPU[6]
Washington University in St. Louis McDonnell International Scholars Academy[7]
IEEE[8]
Association for Computing Machinery[9]
Coursera
Websitewww.ntu.edu.tw (In Chinese)
National Taiwan University logo.svg
National Taiwan University
Traditional Chinese國立臺灣大學
Simplified Chinese国立台湾大学
Taihoku Imperial University
Traditional Chinese臺北帝國大學

National Taiwan University (NTU; simplified Chinese: 国立台湾大学; traditional Chinese: 國立臺灣大學; pinyin: Guólì Táiwān Dàxué; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kok-li̍p Tâi-oân Tāi-ha̍k; colloquially, 臺大; Táidà / Tâi-tāi)[b] is a national university located in Taipei, Taiwan. NTU has been considered the most comprehensive university on the island.[10] It consists of 11 colleges, 56 departments, 133 graduate institutes, over 60 research centers and a school of professional education and continuing studies.[11][12][13]

The university was founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as the seventh of the Imperial Universities, Taihoku Imperial University to serve under the purpose of Japanese colonization. After World War II, the Nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) government assumed the administration of the university. The Ministry of Education reorganized and renamed the university to its current name on November 15, 1945, with its roots of liberal tradition from Peking University in Beijing by former NTU President Fu Ssu-nien.[14] English is the medium of instruction (全程英語授課) across multiple colleges and majors such as economics and engineering. Furthermore, the International Chinese Language Program is an institution for intensive training in formal Mandarin, Taiwanese, Classical Chinese, and other varieties of Chinese. It was established in 1961 by Stanford University to meet the stringent research and educational needs of Stanford University students.

Notable alumni include Tsai Ing-Wen, current President of the Republic of China, former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, Turing Award laureate Andrew Yao, and Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee. NTU is affiliated with National Taiwan Normal University and National Taiwan University of Science and Technology as part of the NTU System.

History[edit]

NTU Central Administration Building

Imperial University[edit]

National Taiwan University has its origins in 臺北帝國大學 Taihoku Imperial University (Taihoku Teikoku Daigaku), founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japan.[14]

The school's first president was Taira Shidehara [ja]. Taihoku Imperial University began with the faculty of Liberal Arts and Law and the Faculty of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The university was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Engineering were added in 1935 and 1943, respectively.[14]

National University[edit]

After World War II, the government reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed National Taiwan University on 15 November 1945 and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president. The Literature and Politics division was divided into the College of Liberal Arts and the College of Law. Additionally, colleges of Science, Medicine, Engineering, and Agriculture were established. Initially, there were six colleges with 22 departments. In 1945, student enrollment was 585.[14]

In 1960, the night school was initiated on a trial basis, and in 1967 a new night school was established. In 1987, the College of Management was established, followed by the College of Public Health in 1993 and the College of Electrical Engineering in 1997. The College of Electrical Engineering was later reorganized as the College of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. In 1999, the College of Law has renamed the College of Social Sciences, and the Night Division and the Center for Continuing Education were combined to form the School for Professional and Continuing Studies. In 2002, the College of Agriculture has renamed the College of Bio-resources and Agriculture, and in 2002 a College of Life Sciences was added.

NTU selected as the national seven universities in research in 2002 (currently merged into six universities).[15][16]

Kuan Chung-ming Controversy
Kuan Chung-ming, an economist who previously served in the Ma Administration, was named university president-elect in January 2018 but soon became embroiled in allegations related to plagiarism, academic misconduct, and violations of civil code which stipulated that Taiwanese public servants were not permitted to deliver lectures or to be involved in any mainland China-related academic activities due to national security concerns. During the election and the subsequent investigation, Tei-Wei Kuo served as the interim president of the university[17] while the president-elect underwent multiple legal investigations from the ruling DPP government.[18][19][20] Though Kuan was eventually cleared of all accusations and officially named as the university president in January 2019[21] (see 2018 NTU Presidential Election Controversy [zh]), this prolonged investigation raised suspicion regarding the intervention from the ruling DPP government. Three Ministers of Education stepped down as a result of this event.[22]

Campuses[edit]

NTU has a main campus in Daan District, Taipei City and has additional campuses in Taipei, New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, Yunlin County, and Nantou County. The main campus is home to most college department buildings and administrative buildings. The university governs farms, forests, and hospitals for education and research purposes.

The five campuses are:

Other university property[edit]

Academics[edit]

The original building housing National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei

The university comprises 11 colleges: Liberal Arts, Engineering, Science, Social Sciences, Law, Bio-Resources & Agriculture, Management, Public Health, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Medicine, and Life Science.[23] NTU offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctorate degrees in many disciplines.

NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for male students, but it is a prerequisite if they plan to apply to become officers during their compulsory military service.

NTU's programs cover a wide array of disciplines across science, arts, and the humanities, with up to 8,000 courses made available for selection each semester.[24] Students are able to select courses offered by any of the colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score. In recent years, medicine, electrical engineering, law, and finance have been the most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while both the dental and the medical degrees take six years to finish.

The International Chinese Language Program (ICLP), founded by Stanford University, is located at National Taiwan University.[25]

NTU is a member of the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, Washington University in St. Louis's McDonnell International Scholars Academy,[26][27] and the Association of East Asian Research Universities.[28][29]

NTU also participates in several programs of the Taiwan International Graduate Program of Academia Sinica, Taiwan's most preeminent academic research institution.

University rankings[edit]

University rankings
Global – Overall
CWTS World[30]89
QS World[31]68
THE World[32]113
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[33]19
THE Asia[34]20

National Taiwan University is widely considered to be the best university in Taiwan. The QS World University Rankings (2022) placed it at 68th worldwide and 19nd in Asia.[35] With other peering references of academic ranking, NTU also releases NTU World Universities ranking annually on the Double Ten Day, the National Holiday of the Republic of China.[36]

The individual subject rankings from QS rankings in 2022 were: 24th in Classic and Ancient History, 36th in Modern languages, 38th in Civil and Structural Engineering, 42nd in Linguistic, 46th in Medicine, 47th in Nursing, 48th in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, and 50th in Material Science.[37] Notably, the National Taiwan University College of Medicine is considered one of the best medical schools in Asia, constantly ranking as the top 10 in medical school ranking. "Top 10 Medical Colleges in Asia".

List of presidents[edit]

The president heads the university. Each college is headed by a dean and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

National Taiwan University[edit]

Taihoku Imperial University[edit]

Alumni[edit]

Yuan T. Lee received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

NTU has produced many notable alumni. Tsai Ing-Wen, the current President of the Republic of China (Taiwan), as well as former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, all graduated from NTU. Both Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee and Turing Award laureate Andrew Yao received their Bachelor of Science from the university. Many NTU electrical engineering graduates have gone on to build global companies, including Quanta Computer's Barry Lam, Mediatek's Tsai Ming-kai and Garmin's Min Kao.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ as Taihoku Imperial University
  2. ^ The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order. By English grammar rules, it would be Taiwan National University or National University of Taiwan.

See also[edit]

Alliance[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "University Motto". National Taiwan University. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "About NTU". National Taiwan University. June 27, 2021. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "NTU at a Glance". National Taiwan University. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  4. ^ "HYI Partner Institutions in Asia".
  5. ^ "Members | PACIBER".
  6. ^ "Eurasia Pacific Uninet".
  7. ^ "National Taiwan University".
  8. ^ "News".
  9. ^ "Find a Chapter".
  10. ^ http://www.aearu.com/contact.html[dead link]
  11. ^ "Office of International Affairs, NTU". oia.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  12. ^ "國立臺灣大學捐贈網站". giving.ntu.edu.tw (in Traditional Chinese). Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  13. ^ "NTU at a Glance - About NTU - About - National Taiwan University". www.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  14. ^ a b c d "About NTU - About - National Taiwan University". www.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  15. ^ Huang, Muxuan (黃慕萱) (2004). 書目計量與學術評鑑—國內七所研究型大學論文發表概況分析。引文分析與學術評鑑研討會論文集. Taipei. p. 135–152.
  16. ^ The list is: NTU, NTHU, NCTU, Yang-Ming, NCKU, NCU, and NSYSU.
  17. ^ "歷任校長姓名與任期 - 臺大校史 - 認識臺大 - 國立臺灣大學". www.ntu.edu.tw (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  18. ^ "管中閔案 台大遴委會:校長遴選不受行政程序法約束" (in Chinese). Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  19. ^ "未利益迴避? 管爺:上任前辭營利職 - 生活 - 自由時報電子報". Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  20. ^ "要教育部退出政治干預 管中閔推「挺管連署」不到一天破萬人".
  21. ^ "news".
  22. ^ "教育部長位子有毒? 聘不聘都請辭 管中閔案折損3個部長".
  23. ^ "Colleges & Departments - Academics - National Taiwan University". National Taiwan University. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  24. ^ "About NTU - About - National Taiwan University".
  25. ^ "About ICLP". ICLP of National Taiwan University. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  26. ^ "National Taiwan University". Global. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  27. ^ "McDonnell International Scholars Academy". Global. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  28. ^ "Member Universities - National Taiwan University". Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  29. ^ "17 Members". The Association of East Asian Research Universities. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  30. ^ (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology Studies. "CWTS Leiden Ranking". CWTS Leiden Ranking.
  31. ^ 2022 QS World University Rankings
  32. ^ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2022
  33. ^ 2020 QS Asian University Rankings
  34. ^ Times Higher Educati≥on Asia University Rankings 2021
  35. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022".
  36. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 30, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  37. ^ "QS World University Rankings by Subjects 2022".

External links[edit]