National Theatre School of Canada
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École nationale de théâtre du Canada
|Affiliation||Colleges and Institutes Canada|
|Students||169 (in 2016-17 year)|
|Location||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
The National Theatre School of Canada (NTS; French: École nationale de théâtre du Canada) is Canada's foremost centre for professional theatre studies. Established in 1960 in Montreal, Quebec The NTS receives its principal funding from grants awarded by the Government of Canada and from cultural ministries in each of the provinces, with added financial support from private and corporate donors.
The NTS offers intensive, highly specialized theatre arts training in both English and French languages in a setting that unites all the related disciplines: acting, playwriting, directing, set and costume design, and production.
Buildings and features
The National Theatre School occupies a historic landmark in Montreal, the Monument-National on Saint Lawrence Boulevard, as well as a building in The Plateau district, at the corner of Saint Denis Street and Laurier Street.
The campus of the National Theatre School stretches all the way to the Monument-National in the core of downtown Montreal. This hundred-year-old theatre, owned and operated by the NTS, has been classified as a heritage building. Situated in the heart of the Quartier des spectacles (Performing Arts District), on the famous “Main” of Boulevard St-Laurent and close to the St-Laurent metro station, is one of the first multi-functional buildings constructed in Canada. Recently restored and renovated, the Monument-National is composed of three performance halls, including a number of spaces offering unlimited conversion and transformation possibilities.
The Monument-National’s two stages can accommodate every kind of production, from small concerts to large-scale shows. The Ludger-Duvernay Theatre ingeniously integrates the latest technology into a 19th-century architectural gem, while the Studio Hydro-Québec, with its clean lines and Meccano-like permutations, offers exciting flexibility. On the third floor is La Balustrade, a 55-seat cabaret style theatre.
Michel and Suria Saint-Denis Pavilion
Once a juvenile courthouse, the school’s main home, the Michel and Suria Saint-Denis Pavilion, sits on the border between the Plateau Mont-Royal and Mile End neighbourhoods.
The Pavilion houses rehearsal halls, classrooms (including specially converted spaces for voice, dance, movement, set and costume design and writing), the André-Pagé Studio (a flexible studio space with a 150-seat capacity), the Pauline McGibbon Studio (80-seat capacity), a small costume shop, a sound studio, a lighting laboratory, a projection room, a computer room, a school supplies store, a cafeteria, and a common space equipped with refrigerators and microwaves for the students.
The Bleviss Family Library
The Pavilion also houses Canada's largest collection of theatre related books and manuscripts, both published and unpublished, and audio visual materials available in both official languages. This outstanding collection was founded by Alan Bleviss, a graduate of NTS.
The notion of a national theatre school first received focused attention as an indirect result of the "Massey Report" (the report of the Massey-Levesque Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences of 1951). Robertson Davies, writing the section of the report devoted to theatre, complained that "facilities for advanced training in the arts of the theatre are non-existent in Canada," and that, consequently, "young actors, producers and technicians [...] must leave the country for advanced training, and only rarely return." Notwithstanding widespread acknowledgement of the validity of Davies' complaint, not until 1958-59 was a committee of 16 of the leading members of the Canadian theatrical community formed through the Canadian Theatre Centre / Centre du théâtre Canadien (CTC). Actor and CBC television producer, David Gardner chaired the committee that included Colonel Yves Bourassa, Donald Davis, Jean Gascon, Gratien Gélinas, Michael Langham, Pauline McGibbon, Mavor Moore, David Onley, Tom Patterson, Jean Pelletier, Jean-Louis Roux, Roy Stewart, Powys Thomas, Vincent Tovell and Herbert Whittaker. Internationally renowned director-teacher Michel Saint-Denis was brought in from Britain to act as senior advisor. He was a leading authority on theatre training who had created the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School and later was to co-founded the Juilliard School Drama Division in New York City.
In fact, French-born Saint-Denis had what many regarded as an ideal background to offer guidance to Canada's national co-lingual theatre school project (he gives details of his employment as a consultant for this project, and the involvement of his wife Suria, in their co-authored book "Training for the Theatre: Premises and Promises"). In the 1920s, he had worked closely with his uncle, the remarkable French theatre director Jacques Copeau, to revolutionize theatrical practice and training in France through the Vieux-Colombier troupe. In the 1930s, Saint-Denis had moved to London, England, where he became one of the most highly regarded stage directors of the decade, being responsible for a series of landmark productions featuring such stars of the British stage as John Gielgud, Laurence Olivier and Alec Guinness. The engagement of Saint-Denis also symbolically expressed a central hope for the new Canadian school: that it would embrace that fusion of the best of French and English theatrical training that seemed embodied by Saint-Denis himself.
The CTC committee had been formed with a mandate to create a "truly bilingual school, located in Toronto." The committee decided that Montréal, as a more "truly bilingual" city, was a better location and the National Theatre School of Canada / École nationale de théâtre du Canada officially opened on 2 Nov 1960 in premises owned by the Canadian Legion at 1191 Mountain Street in Montréal. The school changed locations several times over the next decade until in 1970 it settled at 5030 rue Saint-Denis. Beginning in 1965, it also rented performing space in the Monument-National, which it purchased outright in 1978. This historic theatre (built 1891-94) was then in a dilapidated state; a major renovation in the early 1990s restored the beauty of the old Monument-National and introduced many modernizations, resulting in 2 theatres- the 804-seat Ludger-Duvernay theatre and a smaller flexible Studio theatre, which seats as many as 180 spectators.
Founding principals, Jean Gascon was the first Director-General (Principal) at the NTS and head of the school's Francophone programs while Powys Thomas headed up the English programming section. James de Beaujeu Domville took over the role of Director-General from 1964 until 1968.
In 1960, the first year of its operation, the National Theatre School only offered classes in acting for its Franophone and English students. They had been selected from hundreds of auditions conducted in every province and territory across the country to participate in thirty months of rigorous training conducted over three years, with eight months annually spent in Montreal and the two summer months in Stratford, Ontario, where students were afforded unparalleled access to the facilities and professional influences of the Stratford Shakespeare Festival. The following year, 1961, a bilingual production program was inaugurated; in 1978 a French program in playwriting was added to the French acting section of the school and in 1980, an equivalent English playwriting program was added to its English acting section. Directing has been the most changeable program at the school. Beginning in the early 1980s, various attempts were made to create programs in English and French for the instruction of directing; but for both financial and pedagogical reasons, these programs have not always succeeded, and the English and French sections of the school have apparently abandoned the pursuit of synchronized objectives in this area. Indeed, while the integration of anglophone and francophone students has been fairly thorough in the production program, in other programs it has been more usual to see the English and French sections of the school operating autonomously.
While the history of the National Theatre School has generally involved a quiet, steady growth of prestige, the institution has not been without controversy. For example, in 1968, which was dubbed "the year of the barricades" because of the many student protests that swept across Europe and North America, the National Theatre School experienced its own uprising. The 8 graduating acting students in the French section resigned en masse in protest against the school's disregard of Québécois playwrights, particularly as exemplified in statements made by the director of the French acting section, André Muller. As a result of the protest, the school pointedly reversed its neglect of Québécois plays. In 1971, Muller's successor, André Pagé, had the students perform a selection of work from various Québécois writers and began a program of commissioning work for the school from prominent Québécois playwrights. In 1998, the 8 students who had resigned were sent a letter from the school declaring that they had been reinstated as alumni and recognizing that their protest had resulted in progressive change in school policy.
It offers professional training in all the major theatre arts in both English and French, making it one of the only co-lingual theatre schools in the world. The programs include Acting, Directing, Production, Playwrighting and Scenography.
Students are auditioned and or interviewed from all across the country, and NTS accepts international students as well. Placements at the school are highly competitive; for example, the Acting program auditions around six hundred students annually but only twelve are accepted.
The National Theatre School typically graduates approx. 60 students a year from its combined programs and English and French sections, and its alumni include Canada's prominent theatre artists with an influence that extends deep into the US and European worlds of theatre, television and film.
The following is a list of notable students and the year they graduated.
- Salvatore Antonio (1998) - Actor, playwright
- Marc Bendavid (2004) - Actor
- Alan Bleviss (1966) - Actor, director, founder Bleviss Family Library
- Andrew Brodkin (2011) - Production, Costume Designer
- Blair Brown (1969) - Actress (Altered States, The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd, Fringe)
- Marilyn Castonguay - Actor
- Peter Cullen (1963) - Actor
- Roy Dupuis (1986) - Actor
- Jesse Aaron Dwyre (2003)- Actor
- Jake Epstein (2008) - Actor
- Colm Feore (1980) - Actor
- Colin Fox - Actor
- Luba Goy (1969) - Comedian (Royal Canadian Air Farce)
- SUzanne Grossmann (1963) - Actress, Writer
- Lori Hallier (1980) - Actress
- Elizabeth Hanna (1977) - Voice Actor and speech-language pathologist
- Paul Hecht (1963) - Actor
- Martha Henry (1963) - Actress and director
- Allan Hawco (2000) - Actor/Writer/Producer (Republic of Doyle) (Gascon Thomas Award winner)
- Sheila Heti (1997) - Writer
- John Juliani (1964) - Director, actor
- Luke Kirby (2000) - Actor
- Amy Rutherford (2000) Actress/Playwright
- Heath Lamberts (1963) - Actor
- Christian Lapointe (2005) - Actor, writer, director
- Diana Leblanc (1963) - Actress and director
- Ann-Marie MacDonald (1980) - Actress, playwright, novelist, teacher and broadcast hostess
- Anita Majumdar (2004) - Actress and playwright
- Kari Matchett (1993) - Actress (Power Play)
- William "Bill" Millerd (1968) - Director, producer, Artistic Director of The Arts Club Theatre Company, Vancouver
- Hannah Moscovitch (2001) - Playwright (East of Berlin)
- Wajdi Mouawad (1991) Actor, writer, director; artistic director of National Arts Centre French Theatre
- Michael O'Brien (1990) - Playwright, Mad Boy Chronicle, Hard Times, The Barber of Seville and CBC Radio Dramas.
- Sandra Oh (1993) - Actress (Grey's Anatomy, Arli$$) (Gascon Thomas Award winner)
- Peter Oldring (1996) - Actor (Blue Collar TV, The Joe Blow Show)
- David Paquet (1978) - Playwright
- Lucy Peacock (1983) - Actress (Stratford Shakespeare Festival)
- Cara Pifko (1994) - Actress (This is Wonderland)
- Sean Power (1992) - Actor (Lead Balloon)
- Amy Price-Francis (1988) - Actress
- Vahid Rahbani (2009) Director
- Donnelly Rhodes (1963) - Actor
- August Schellenberg - Actor
- Coralee Elliott Testar (1963) - Screenwriter (The Little Kidnappers (1990), City Boy, Caddie Woodlawn, Girl of the Limberlost and more.)
- Judith Thompson (1979) - Playwright (Perfect Pie)
- Alicia Thorgrimsson (1996) - Actor
- Darrell Wasyk (1979) - Director, filmmaker (H)
- Gina Wilkinson (1979) - Actress
- Kari-Lynn Winters (1994) - Children's author (Jeffrey and Sloth), literacy researcher
Saint-Denis, Michel (1982) Training for the Theatre: Premises & Promises. (Suria Saint-Denis, ed.) New York: Theatre Arts Books.
- "Bleviss Family Library". NTS. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Massey Report". Canadian Adaptations of Shakespeare. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- ""Premises and Promises by Michel & Suria Saint Denis">". New York: \Theatre Arts Books; London:Heinemann, ©1982. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Domville, James de Beaujeu, 1933-". Library and Archives Canada. Archived from the original on January 1, 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Alumni". National Theatre School of Canada. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
- "Marilyn Castonguay a le vent dans les voiles". Le Journal de Montréal, September 5, 2012.
- DiRaddo, Christopher (Spring 2006). "Anita Majumdar: Anita Unveiled". NTS Magazine. Archived from the original on August 27, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
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