National Transitional Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is an old revision of this page, as edited by Dn9ahx (talk | contribs) at 16:35, 6 March 2011 (→‎References: see also section added). The present address (URL) is a permanent link to this revision, which may differ significantly from the current revision.

Jump to navigation Jump to search
National Transitional Council
المجلس الوطني الانتقالي
al-majlis al-waTanī al-intiqālī
Flag of Libya (1951–1969).svg
Libyan Uprising.svg
A map showing the current situation in Libya
Formation27 February 2011
TypePolitical organisation / administrative body
PurposeTo act as the political face of the 2011 Libyan uprising
HeadquartersBenghazi (interim)
Region served
Libya
Membership
30 members
Official language
Arabic
Chair of the Council
Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil
Chair of Crisis Committee
Mahmoud Jebril
Spokesperson
Hafiz Ghoga
Main organ
Libyan People's Army

In Libya, the National Transitional Council (Arabic: المجلس الوطني الانتقالي, al-majlis al-waTanī al-intiqālī) is a body formed by anti-Gaddafi rebels during the 2011 uprising. Its formation was announced in the city of Benghazi on 27 February 2011 and its intended purpose is to act as the "political face of the revolution". In some media outlets, it is referred to as the National Libyan Council or the Libyan National Council. On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the "sole representative all over Libya".[1]

Formation

Background

After popular movements overturned the rulers of Tunisia and Egypt, its immediate neighbours to the west and east, Libya experienced a full-scale uprising beginning in February 2011.[2][3] By 20 February, the unrest had spread to Tripoli. As of late February 2011, much of Libya had slipped out of Gaddafi's control, falling to the Anti-Gaddafi forces. Eastern Libya, centered around the second city and vital port of Benghazi, was firmly under the control of the opposition. The opposition began to organise themselves into a functioning government.[4]

Early efforts

Opposition meeting in Al Bayda, 24 February 2011

On 24 February 2011, opposition politicians, former millitary officers, tribal leaders, academics and businessmen held a meeting of in the eastern city of Al Bayda.[citation needed] The meeting was chaired by former justice minister Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil, who quit the government a few days before. The delegates stressed the importance of the national unity of Libya and stated that Tripoli is the capital city. They discussed proposals for interim administration with many delegates asking for UN intervention in Libya.[5] The podium at the meeting displayed the pre-Gaddafi era flag.[6][7][8]

On 25 February 2011, Al-Jazeera TV reported that talks are taking place between "personalities from eastern and western Libya" to form an interim government for the post-Gadaffi era.[6] On 26 February, it was reported that former justice minister Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil was leading the process of forming an interim body, to be based in Benghazi.[9][10] Mr Abud Al Jeleil stated that "Gaddafi alone bore responsibility for the crimes that have occurred" in Libya, he also insisted on the unity of Libya and that Tripoli is the capital.[11] The efforts to form an alternative government have been supported by the Libyan ambassador in the United States, Ali Suleiman Aujali.[12][13] The Libyan deputy ambassador to the United Nations, Ibrahim Omar Al Dabashi, has stated that he supported a new alternative government "in principle".[14]

Establishment of the council

The National Transitional Council was formed on 27 February 2011 to act as "the political face of the revolution".[15] Its spokesman Hafiz Ghoga made clear at the launch press conference that the national council is not a provisional government and Ghoga also added that the newly formed council was not contacting foreign governments and did not want them to intervene.[16] He later clarified that an airstrike mandated by the United Nations would not be considered a foreign intervention.[17]

An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi has reported that a fully fledged interim government will not be formed until Tripoli is under opposition control.[18] This is in contrast to claims made by former justice minister Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil on the previous day about the formation of a provisional government. These comments have now been clarified by the council as his "personal views". Another council spokesperson stated that Al Jeleil did not have the consensus of all rebel groups and towns before making his announcement about an interim government and this had caused "bitter feelings". Mr Ghoga also made clear that if a provisional government was indeed formed, it would not be led by Al Jeleil and that his announcement had left some opposition leaders "surprised and baffled". Al Jeleil is regarded by some opposition leaders as being too closely associated with the Gaddhafi regime.[19]

Membership

Flag of Libya.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya
Flag of Libya.svg Libya portal

Council

Al Jazeera English is reporting that each city or town under opposition control will be given five seats on the new council and that contact will be established with new cities that fall under opposition control to allow them to join the council. The identities of members of the council were not disclosed at the launch conference. What is known is that human rights lawyer Hafiz Ghoga is the spokesperson for the new council.[16] An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi is stating that Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil still has a leadership role within the new council [16] and it was later established that he will be Chairperson of the council. The council met formally for the first time on 5 March 2011 when it was announced that the council has 30 members. The names of some of the members are being kept secret to prevent threats to their families that are still in Government held areas of Libya. [20]

Crisis committee

On March 5, a crisis committee was set up to act as the executive arm of the council. The committee consists of Omar Hariri as the head of the military, Ali al-Essawi as the head of foreign affairs, and Mahmoud Jebril as the chairperson of the committee.[21] Other ministers will be announced at later dates. [22]

Local government

Local committees

In opposition-held Benghazi, a 15 member "local committee"[23] made up of lawyers, judges and respected local people has been formed in order to provide civic administration and public services within the city. [24] Residents have organised to direct traffic and collect refuse. Many shops and businesses have opened again.[24] A newspaper [25] and two local radio stations have also been established.

Similar "local committees" are being formed in other cities controlled by opposition groups.[26]

International response

The council has stated that it would like to be recognised by the international community. The Chair of the Council told Al Jazeera that "There are official contacts with European and Arab [countries]". [27] [28]

The following countries have expressued their support for the council:

  • France France - on 5 March 2011, French foreign ministry spokesperson Bernard Valero stated France's support for the council saying that France "pledges support for the principles that motivate it and the goals it has set itself". French foreign minister Alain Juppé referred to Gaddafi's actions as "criminal folly".[29]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/ferocious-battles-in-libya-as-national-council-meets-for-first-time/story-e6frfku0-1226016536676
  2. ^ "Live Blog - Libya | Al Jazeera Blogs". Blogs.aljazeera.net. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  3. ^ "News | Libya February 17th". Libyafeb17.com. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  4. ^ "Map of How the Protests Unfolded in Libya". New York Times. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2011]. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ http://maltastar.com/pages/r1/ms10dart.asp?a=14356
  6. ^ a b http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12307698
  7. ^ http://www.npr.org/2011/02/23/134003954/New-Government-Forms-In-Eastern-Libya
  8. ^ http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-02-25/libya-s-eastern-rebels-long-time-qaddafi-foes-driving-revolt.html
  9. ^ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/global-filipino/world/02/26/11/terror-tripoli-pressure-builds-yemen
  10. ^ http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-26
  11. ^ http://www.lse.co.uk/FinanceNews.asp?ArticleCode=77c8l0riig2uluz&ArticleHeadline=Ex_Libyan_minister_forms_interim_govtreport
  12. ^ http://af.reuters.com/article/energyOilNews/idAFN2613766620110226
  13. ^ http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-27
  14. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/02/201122702915408866.html#
  15. ^ "Anti-Gaddafi figures say form national council". 28 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  16. ^ a b c Al-Jazeera English (27 February 2011). "Libya opposition launches council". Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  17. ^ New York Times (1 March 2011). [http:/nytimes.com/2011/03/02/world/africa/02libya.html "Libyan Rebels Said to Debate Seeking U.N. Airstrikes"] Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  18. ^ Reported on Al-Jazeera English TV by Hoda Abdel-Hamid
  19. ^ "Libya rebels set up first political leadership". 27 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  20. ^ http://www.thenational.ae/news/worldwide/council-says-its-libyas-sole-representative
  21. ^ "Rebel National Libya Council sets up crisis committee". Reuters. 5 March 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  22. ^ http://af.reuters.com/article/libyaNews/idAFLDE7240EP20110305?pageNumber=2&virtualBrandChannel=0&sp=true
  23. ^ Paul Schemm (24 February 2011). "Libya's second city, Benghazi, learns to govern itself after decades of oppression". The Associated Press. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  24. ^ a b BBC. "BBC Lybia Live Coverage". Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  25. ^ "First Edition of the Benghazi Newspaper". 24 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  26. ^ Lourdes Garcia-Navarro (23 February 2011). "Provisional Government Forming In Eastern Libya". Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  27. ^ http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE72501E20110306
  28. ^ http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5igh0DvqR6b6k1QtSBxI3NQib0PpA?docId=CNG.97f06e36a1a0cb62da2c4bda69870ba9.9f1
  29. ^ http://www.english.rfi.fr/africa/20110306-france-recognises-libyan-rebel-council-uk-diplomatic-bind
  30. ^ http://www.english.rfi.fr/africa/20110306-france-recognises-libyan-rebel-council-uk-diplomatic-bind

External links

Other groups