National Transportation Safety Committee
The National Transportation Safety Committee (NTSC, Indonesian: Komite Nasional Keselamatan Transportasi, KNKT; literally translated the Transportation Safety National Committee) is an Indonesian government agency charged with the investigation of air, land, rail, and marine transportation safety deficiencies. It has its headquarters on the third floor of the Ministry of Transportation Building in Central Jakarta, Jakarta. It is a part of the Ministry of Transportation. The Aircraft Accident Investigation Commission (AAIC, Indonesian: Komisi Penelitian Penyebab Kecelakaan Pesawat Udara, KPPKPU) investigates aviation accidents and incidents.
The NTSC was established by presidential decree in 1999. Subsequent to its investigations, it makes recommendations that are intended to prevent the recurrence of similar accidents.
The NTSC emphasises that the sole objective of its activities is to prevent recurrence of accidents, not to assign blame or liability.
In 2000, shortly after its creation, the NTSC issued a report on the crash of SilkAir Flight 185, where 104 people were killed, which stated that the agency was unable to determine a cause. The United States National Transportation Safety Board criticized the NTSC, stating that the cause of the crash was pilot suicide via a letter sent on December 11 the same year.
However, the first aviation accident investigated by the NTSC was Garuda Indonesia Flight 152, where 234 people were killed. This occurred less than three months before the SilkAir crash. The report of Flight 152 was issued in 2004 (having been hampered by the SilkAir crash), which stated that agency determined that the cause of the crash of Flight 152 was pilot error and ATC error.
- "Contact Us Archived 1 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine." National Transportation Safety Committee. Retrieved on 31 December 2013. "Ministry Of Transportation Republic Of Indonesia Transportation Building 3rd Floor Jalan Medan Merdeka Timur No. 5 Jakarta Pusat 10110 Indonesia" Indonesian address Archived 1 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine: "Kantor Komite Nasional Keselamatan Transportasi Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia Gedung Perhubungan Lantai 3 Jalan Medan Merdeka Timur No. 5 Jakarta Pusat 10110 Indonesia"
- "Aircraft Accident Report SILKAIR FLIGHT MI 185 BOEING B737-300 9V-TRF MUSI RIVER, PALEMBANG, INDONESIA 19 DECEMBER 1997" (PDF). knkt.dephub.go.id. 14 December 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 May 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- "Letter from NTSB Chairman Jim Hall to Professor O. Diran and comments on the NTSB Committee's Draft final report of the accident" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. 11 December 2000. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- "National Transportation Safety Committee Final Report Garuda Indonesia Flight GA 152 Airbus A300-B4 PK-GAI Buahnabar, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia 26 SEPTEMBER 1997" (PDF). knkt.dephub.go.id. National Transportation Safety Committee. 2004. Retrieved 28 September 2019.